Questions tagged [reference-materials]

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What are some backgrounds and references to obsolete simplified Chinese characters?

During the 20th century, two Chinese simplifications succeeded: the one in China, and the one in Japanese. There were also many abandoned attempts to simplify Chinese , including: First Batch ...
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1answer
495 views

Is there an official stroke order for each character?

I’m a learner of Japanese for now some years, and I really like kanji, or chinese characters, and I’ve recently taken some interest in the Chinese language though I don’t intend to learn it. My ...
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3answers
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Deeper meaning of 爲 (beyond one sentence definitions)

I am a non-Chinese speaker looking into wú wéi(無爲) as part of my own philosophical searchings. As part of stripping away my own English-centric understanding, I'm trying to look at the words as more ...
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0answers
66 views

Has there ever been an English translation of 《輶軒》“Fangyan”?

《輶軒使者絕代語釋別國方言》has a couple of different names including《方言》and《揚子方言》. In English it mostly just gets called Fangyan. The entire Chinese text has been put up on ctext. As the first Chinese ...
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2answers
700 views

Mandarin in Hunan Province

In Hunan Province, how common in standard Mandarin? Or, more generally, where regional dialects are spoken, how common is Mandarin? If I were to pass HSK 3 and be fairly competent at that level, ...
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3answers
113 views

Where can I find 下江人's article《释四川话 (二)》from《旅行杂志》1945/7/18?

四川方言词源 has the following information under the entry for 搊贺: 又,下江人《释四川话(二)》: “救济□人,或扶助他人成 功,称为‘抽合’。”(《旅行杂志》1945/7/18)此记音。 The article is then referenced again under the entry for 打启发: 又,下江人 《...
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3answers
154 views

What does 論 mean in 時情天意枉論量?

The meaning of 論, when pronunced as lún, has already been listed in the answer by @user-487 in another question. However, none of those meaning seems appropriate in the following famous 朝中措 by 元好問: ...
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3answers
143 views

Reference: 'hou' in Sichuanese meaning 'to eat'

Looking for a reference. Apparently 'hou' (pronunciation roughly similar to '候') means eat in Sichuanese, at least in some dialects. For instance: hou饭 出去hou hou东西 hou𩛲𩛲(𬲹𬲹) hou酒 I've gone ...
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3answers
2k views

Dictionary for Vietnamese to Chinese characters

I wanted to know if there are dictionaries (online or books) indicating the equivalent of Vietnamese syllables into Chinese characters. I do not search for Vietnamese to Chinese translations, but ...
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660 views

Two-character homonyms with same meaning

This is question about synonymous homonyms in Chinese, in particular, two-character words with same sound, tone. Edit: to keep the question simple and broad, I am using the word "homonym" in a non-...
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1answer
796 views

新华字典 as CSV download available?

Here I can download the CC-CEDICT database, which backs the MDBG project's web site, as an CSV file. Personally, I am a fan of the great work of the MDBG project. Now, I am evaluating dictionaries ...
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1answer
1k views

Analog of Hong Kong grade level for Chinese characters?

The Unihan database lists a kGradeLevel for each entry. This is the primary grade in the Hong Kong school system by which a student is expected to know the corresponding character. Is there a similar ...
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1answer
327 views

Semantic radical and dictionary header for 将

The Unihan standard, just like virtually every online dictionary, lists 寸 as the 部首 for 将. The 部首归部 reference published in 2009 (http://www.moe.gov.cn/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/moe/s230/201001/...
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630 views

Translations from TCM (Traditional Chinese medicine)

I have asked Chinese co-workers & checked sites such as Iciba & Google Translate to no avail. I know that this is talking about 2 points used in TCM, but I have no idea how to translate these ...
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2answers
1k views

Taiwanese Mandarin vs Mainland Mandarin [closed]

A reference request. Is there any good source of the differences word choice/meaning between Taiwan and Mainland Chinese? Not asking about Chinese Characters, but usage. Spain have different ...
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2answers
153 views

Are there any style guides for Chinese?

There are many different style guides for English, such as The Chicago Manual of Style and MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. Are there similar publications available for Chinese? ...
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4answers
941 views

Resources for learning classical Chinese

I have a very strong interest in classical Chinese (文言文), but I am unable to find any ressources for learning it that don't assume Chinese is your mother language. Can anybody give me some pointers?
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Are children's books a good starting place for beginners?

I was wondering if Chinese children's books might be a good starting place for adult Chinese language newbies (regardless of whether it be Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu, whatever), in particular for ...
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4answers
328 views

Are there standard dictionaries for Chinese?

Standard dictionaries have had a profound effect on languages like English. They've helped normalize spelling and pronunciation and provide reference for meanings and disambiguation. When thinking of ...