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Questions tagged [sandhi]

Sandhi (Sanskrit: संधि sandhi "joining") is a cover term for a wide variety of phonological processes that occur at morpheme or word boundaries (thus belonging to what is called morphophonology).

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What are the real tones in 我给你买?

In 我给你买。 The four are 3rd tones. What rule is applied here? 3+3 = 2+3 ? and being "wo2gei3ni2mai3? Or it use another rule like; 3+3+3 (being individual characters) = 2+2+3 and sound something ...
Eduardo S's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
266 views

How is 一举两得 pronounced?

My teacher said I pronounce this wrong: CC-CEDICT: 一举两得 (yī​jǔ​liǎng​dé​) one move, two gains (idiom); two birds with one stone On paper, the tones are 一(1) 举(3) 两(3) 得(2), but then we need to ...
Becky 李蓓's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
88 views

How pronunce " 小打小闹 " in 我的一点成就 不过是小打小闹?

I am sorry that this question doesn't answer to the case of four consecutive third tones, especially in what Wenlin dictionary calls "Fixed Expression"? How should I apply what is written in ...
faure's user avatar
  • 610
1 vote
1 answer
69 views

How do you combine the sandhi rules for consecutive 3rd tones and half 3rd tones in a sentence like 我很高兴?

In a sentence like: 我很高兴 (wǒ hěn gāo​xìng) two 3rd tones are in a row. So according to 3rd tone sandhi, it must be pronounced wó hěn gāo​xìng On the other hand, a 3rd tone (hěn) is followed by a ...
Mohammad Talebi's user avatar
-2 votes
2 answers
333 views

Longest sentence where all consecutive characters are in the same 3ʳᵈ tone [closed]

What is the longest sentence that can be constructed where all the consecutive characters are in the same 3ʳᵈ tone in Mandarin? I'm sure many people have heard of '请你给我买五百把纸雨伞', but are there any more ...
Joe at wearyourchinesename.com's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
165 views

Under the rules for tone sandhi and half 3-rd tones, is it correct to pronounce a (3-3) as (3h- 3h) or it must be pronounced (2-3)?

I know that when a 3rd tone is followed by another 3rd tone, (3-3) it is pronounced (2-3). On the other hand, I know that a 3rd tone followed by a non-3rd tone and on many other occasions is ...
Mohammad Talebi's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
175 views

很有 pronounced rather like hěnyòu instead of hěnyǒu

In an intermediate level class (B1 or B2 level perhaps / around HSK 5 or 6), several example sentences were used to illustrate some vocabulary. The teacher, a native speaker with fairly standard ...
goPlayerJuggler's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
245 views

How are consecutive neutral tones pronounced? What are the pitch levels?

I understand how neutral tones are supposed to sound following regular-numbered tones Here is a helpful Wikipedia chart illustrating how the preceding tone impacts the neutral tone But what about ...
MuchAppreciated25's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
243 views

What is the proper pronunciation of 等等?

Is 等等 pronounced: deng2deng0 (2nd tone and neutral) like 老子、孔子 OR deng3 deng0 (3rd tone and neutral) like 椅子、法子
MuchAppreciated25's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
455 views

General rule for when 一 is yi1 and when it's yi2/yi4

The tone that 一 is pronounced with is sometimes hard to predict. Is there a good general rule for when to use yi1 and when to use yi2/yi4? The 不 tone change rule is fairly straightforward and easy to ...
Greg Nisbet's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
126 views

How to pronounce '蒙古' correctly?

The word '蒙古' seems to be read as 'měng gu'. But when I listen to others, it seems to be pronounced 'méng gu'. Which is the correct one? And I found it hard to tell the difference between 'měng gu' ...
Anduin Xue's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
617 views

Bù kèqi or Bú kèqi: In PinYin, do I write the fourth or second tone with 不客气?

When writing 不客气 in (PinYin): 不 = Bù 不客气 = Bù kèqi Because of the fourth tone of kè the pronunciation is Bú kèqi. But do i write it down as Bù kèqi or Bú kèqi?
Apotacyll's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
130 views

In Mandarin Chinese, what is the correct pronunciation for three or more third tones in a row? [duplicate]

只有我想了解你 zhíyǒu wǒ xiǎng liáojiě nǐ OR Zhíyǒu wó xiǎng liáojiě nǐ 我很好 wǒ hén hǎo OR wó hén hǎo 我也很好 wó yě hén hǎo OR wó yé hén hǎo OR wǒ yé hén hǎo 我也很想你 wǒ yé hěn xiáng nǐ OR wǒ yé hén xiǎng nǐ ...
user12765463's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
135 views

What are the tones for 不 and 一 in the expression 不一定?

不 and 一 both have the property of changing tone to suit the tone of the following character. This phenomenon is called the tonal sandhi. What would the correct/standard tone combination for this ...
Kantura's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
91 views

tone sandhi represented in Pinyin

According to Wiedenhof's A Grammar of Mandarin, page 25, When following a frst or a second tone, and simultaneously preceding a non-neutral tone, a second tone is pronounced with a high level ...
GJC's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
164 views

xiǎng xiǎng ‘keep on thinking’ vs xiáng xiǎng ‘think for a moment’

According to Wiedenhof's A Grammar of Mandarin, page 25, xiǎng xiǎng ‘keep on thinking’ doesn't show tone sandhi because the tones belong to separate clauses, unlike [xiáng xiǎng] ‘think for a ...
GJC's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
312 views

Question about third tone sandhi in two specific cases

I know of the commonly cited rules for third tones, which are the following (copied from somewhere else, so excuse the grammatical errors): "When word with the 3rd tone is used alone, or used at the ...
Hfds J's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
739 views

Can bù (不) change its pronunciation to bú?

When I first learned 不,the accompanying pinyin was given as bù (falling tone). But I've also been doing Pimsleur Chinese lessons and there is the example wo bú hùi shuo ying wen and here 不 ...
user1622's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
228 views

Status of a sandhi "rule" for 2nd tone

I came across a sandhi rule - described here (point number 6): A 2nd tone preceded by a 1st or 2nd tone and followed by another tone becomes a 1st tone I never heard of this rule before so I was ...
goPlayerJuggler's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
231 views

我好想你 and tone shift [duplicate]

I'm new to Chinese so please forgive me if this question it's dumb. I read this frase on a lyrics' song: 我好想你 And when I search for the pinyin I got this: wo3 ha3o xia3ng ni3 ...
Luis Victoria's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
125 views

Are idioms affected by tone changing rules?

For example, if I have the idiom: 一路平安 Does the tone of the 一 change to a second tone because 路 is fourth tone?
Belphegor's user avatar
  • 401
2 votes
2 answers
253 views

Tone Change: Why is 欢 (huan1) in 喜欢 (xi3huan0) pronounced with a neutral tone? Would you do that for all words ending in a first tone?

Or the 西 (xi1) in 东西 (dong1xi0) is pronounced with no tone?
John Smith's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
352 views

Should tone sandhi be written in pinyin?

Tone sandhi is a phonological change occurring in tonal languages, in which the tones assigned to individual words or morphemes change based on the pronunciation of adjacent words or morphemes. ...
marcanuy's user avatar
  • 655
2 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the rule for a series of third tones? [duplicate]

I understand what to do if you have a series of 3 third tones, and the rules are well explained here. But what about 4 third tones in a row? 这件大衣很特别,我也想买一件。 I'm guessing it would be wó yě xiáng ...
Josh Wyss's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Generalize consecutive third tones change rule

井井有条​ (to be neat and tidy) we have a sequence of the third tones. Why is it pronounced as jing2 jing2 you3 tiao2 and not jing2 jing3 you3 tiao2 After all, the first half goes together, and the ...
Jack Maddington's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
345 views

Bigrams ending in third tone where first syllable is second tone vs. third tone

This is regarding tone sandhi for consecutive third tones. I notice CC-CEDICT has over 200 bigrams with tone pair 3-3 where there also exists a separate bigram 2-3. One such example is: 白果 bai2 ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 243
8 votes
1 answer
3k views

Cantonese sandhi

In Mandarin, there is limited tone sandhi, mainly about third tones and the tone variations of yi1 (one) and bù (not). By contrast, Min has sandhi rules for all tones, as illustrated by this diagram. ...
MickG's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
341 views

What happens with tone sandhi with consecutive third tones, e.g. wo3 hen3 hao3?

If there are two third tones in a row, e.g. ni3hao3, the first one is pronounced as a second tone, i.e. ni3hao3=ni2hao3. At least, that's what I was told in a course. What happens with more ...
MickG's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
377 views

Tone Sandhi: Sichuanese 四川话

Been trying to find the rules of tone sandhi in Sichuanese - but not having a lot of luck. Wikipedia Talk:Sichuanese Mandarin Tone Sandhi Great improvements to the original article! Can we get some ...
Mou某's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
223 views

Third tone sandhi: when (if ever) does 3 3 become 3 0 instead of 2 3?

All of the books and materials I've seen talk about the tone sandhi that changes two third tones to a second and a third, as in "你好." I had a question about the word: 寶寶 Some materials I've seen ...
chapka's user avatar
  • 183
10 votes
3 answers
560 views

What's the pronunciation of 不在乎

All the dictionaries I've checked say bu4 zai4 hu5 but should it actually be bu2 zai4 hu5 I get different answers searching for 不对, some dictionaries say bu4dui4 others bu2dui4, but as far as ...
Samuel Parsonage's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
719 views

Is there a tone sandhi rule that "4 3" changes to "4 0"?

This is a followup to my earlier question about the tones in the word "豆腐": On their own "豆" and "腐" have the tones 4 and 3: dòu, fǔ As a two-syllable / two-character word, "豆腐" has tone 4 but "fu" ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
355 views

Tone sandhi before a toneless final syllable

In the name Kongzi, 孔子, it seems to me that people often pronounce Kong with third tone (low-falling form) and zi with no tone, like a lot of final syllables. Officially both syllables are third tone....
Colin McLarty's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
330 views

Does tone sandhi apply to 成语

In my previous question I found the following about tone sandhi and yī 'one': yī on its own or not followed by other tones yī → yí when followed by a fourth tone yī → yì when followed by ...
going's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
404 views

Authoritative source for 一 changing to 4th tone before 1st, 2nd or 3rd

In another users answer https://chinese.stackexchange.com/a/2046/38 they said: 一 is pronounced in the first tone when it stands alone. It is pronounced in the fourth tone when it precedes a first,...
going's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
3k views

Pronunciation of 一 in 一个

When I first learnt the numbers, I learnt 一 with the first tone yi1. But now, during a Memrise lesson, they teach me that 一个 should be pronounced yi2 ge4 or yi2 ge5. Is this correct and, if so, is ...
Stephane Rolland's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
760 views

How does tone sandhi apply in people's names? [duplicate]

Like the title says, the question is simple: what's the proper way to handle tone sandhi in names? Is there something like "pronounce the family name as-is, apply tone sandhi to given name"? Or is ...
dr Hannibal Lecter's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
2k views

我(也)很好 and tone sandhi

What are the (resultant) tones in those sentences, where all the words in isolation have 3rd tone? 我很好。 我也很好。 Reading tone shandhi rules on Wikipedia, there is no explanation about tree or four ...
dusan's user avatar
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