Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [sandhi]

Sandhi (Sanskrit: संधि sandhi[1] "joining") is a cover term for a wide variety of phonological processes that occur at morpheme or word boundaries (thus belonging to what is called morphophonology).

5
votes
2answers
294 views

Can bù (不) change its pronunciation to bú?

When I first learned 不,the accompanying pinyin was given as bù (falling tone). But I've also been doing Pimsleur Chinese lessons and there is the example wo bú hùi shuo ying wen and here 不 ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Status of a sandhi “rule” for 2nd tone

I came across a sandhi rule - described here (point number 6): A 2nd tone preceded by a 1st or 2nd tone and followed by another tone becomes a 1st tone I never heard of this rule before so I was ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Are idioms affected by tone changing rules?

For example, if I have the idiom: 一路平安 Does the tone of the 一 change to a second tone because 路 is fourth tone?
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Should tone sandhi be written in pinyin?

Tone sandhi is a phonological change occurring in tonal languages, in which the tones assigned to individual words or morphemes change based on the pronunciation of adjacent words or morphemes. ...
2
votes
2answers
485 views

What is the rule for a series of third tones?

I understand what to do if you have a series of 3 third tones, and the rules are well explained here. But what about 4 third tones in a row? 这件大衣很特别,我也想买一件。 I'm guessing it would be wó yě xiáng ...
3
votes
1answer
434 views

Generalize consecutive third tones change rule

井井有条​ (to be neat and tidy) we have a sequence of the third tones. Why is it pronounced as jing2 jing2 you3 tiao2 and not jing2 jing3 you3 tiao2 After all, the first half goes together, and the ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

Bigrams ending in third tone where first syllable is second tone vs. third tone

This is regarding tone sandhi for consecutive third tones. I notice CC-CEDICT has over 200 bigrams with tone pair 3-3 where there also exists a separate bigram 2-3. One such example is: 白果 bai2 ...
4
votes
1answer
906 views

Cantonese sandhi

In Mandarin, there is limited tone sandhi, mainly about third tones and the tone variations of yi1 (one) and bù (not). By contrast, Min has sandhi rules for all tones, as illustrated by this diagram. ...
6
votes
2answers
131 views

Tone three sandhi

If there are two third tones in a row, e.g. ni3hao3, the first one is pronounced as a second tone, i.e. ni3hao3=ni2hao3. At least, that's what I was told in a course. What happens with more ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Tone Sandhi: Sichuanese 四川话

Been trying to find the rules of tone sandhi in Sichuanese - but not having a lot of luck. Wikipedia Talk:Sichuanese Mandarin Tone Sandhi Great improvements to the original article! Can we ...
7
votes
3answers
141 views

Third tone sandhi: when (if ever) does 3 3 become 3 0 instead of 2 3?

All of the books and materials I've seen talk about the tone sandhi that changes two third tones to a second and a third, as in "你好." I had a question about the word: 寶寶 Some materials I've seen ...
8
votes
3answers
434 views

What's the pronunciation of 不在乎

All the dictionaries I've checked say bu4 zai4 hu5 but should it actually be bu2 zai4 hu5 I get different answers searching for 不对, some dictionaries say bu4dui4 others bu2dui4, but as far as ...
8
votes
1answer
522 views

Is there a tone sandhi rule that “4 3” changes to “4 0”?

This is a followup to my earlier question about the tones in the word "豆腐": On their own "豆" and "腐" have the tones 4 and 3: dòu, fǔ As a two-syllable / two-character word, "豆腐" has tone 4 but "fu" ...
7
votes
2answers
212 views

Tone sandhi before a toneless final syllable

In the name Kongzi, 孔子, it seems to me that people often pronounce Kong with third tone (low-falling form) and zi with no tone, like a lot of final syllables. Officially both syllables are third tone....
5
votes
1answer
251 views

Does tone sandhi apply to 成语

In my previous question I found the following about tone sandhi and yī 'one': yī on its own or not followed by other tones yī → yí when followed by a fourth tone yī → yì when followed by ...
3
votes
2answers
301 views

Authoritative source for 一 changing to 4th tone before 1st, 2nd or 3rd

In another users answer https://chinese.stackexchange.com/a/2046/38 they said: 一 is pronounced in the first tone when it stands alone. It is pronounced in the fourth tone when it precedes a first,...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Pronunciation of 一 in 一个

When I first learnt the numbers, I learnt 一 with the first tone yi1. But now, during a Memrise lesson, they teach me that 一个 should be pronounced yi2 ge4 or yi2 ge5. Is this correct and, if so, is ...
12
votes
1answer
361 views

How does tone sandhi apply in people's names?

Like the title says, the question is simple: what's the proper way to handle tone sandhi in names? Is there something like "pronounce the family name as-is, apply tone sandhi to given name"? Or is ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

我(也)很好 and tone sandhi

What are the (resultant) tones in those sentences, where all the words in isolation have 3rd tone? 我很好。 我也很好。 Reading tone shandhi rules on Wikipedia, there is no explanation about tree or four ...