Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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3
votes
3answers
175 views

Why can objects be placed at the beginning of the sentence?

Often, I come across sentences like below, where the subject is missing and the object is placed instead. 证件带了吗? (Instead of 你带了证件吗?) I am wondering if there is a name to such grammatical structure, ...
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0answers
19 views

Do 和 and 跟 have different grammatical functions?

Thinking about the Difference between 与,和 and 跟?, I was wondering if it can be argued that 和 (hé) and 跟 (gēn) have different grammatical functions. I understand 和 corresponds in English to the ...
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2answers
49 views

Which one is correct? 给我打电话/打电话给我

can you help me which one is correct and which one is wrong? 你给我打个电话 你给我打电话 你给我电话 你打给我个电话 你打给我电话 你打电话给我 Thank you.
5
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3answers
328 views

What is the subject of 其他的都很满意?

I found the following translated example: 除了没有电梯,其他的都很满意。 Chúle méiyǒu diàntī, qítā de dōu hěn mǎnyì. I am satisfied with everything except for there is no elevator. I have a question about the ...
2
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1answer
178 views

Use 我对你想说 or 我想说对你 to say: I want to talk/speak to you?

It seems like when there is the word 对 in the sentence, you need to move noun/verb to the end of the sentence, but I am not sure. So here is my question. I want to say I want to talk/speak to you. Is ...
3
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4answers
102 views

What is the function of 一次 in “去一次”?

I came across these translated examples: [Talking about a place]: 明年夏天我打算去一次。 Mínɡnián xiàtiān wǒ dǎsuàn qù yí cì。 I plan to go there next summer. 三年以前我去过上海,去年我又去了一次,明年我想再去一次。 Sān nián yǐqián wǒ ...
3
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3answers
111 views

了 vs 是…的 as “factuality markers”

I'm a proponent of 了 as 'factuality marker' (that is it has nothing to do with 'perfectivity or completness of action'. See post: How exactly do time and "tense" work in Mandarin REALLY? for ...
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1answer
36 views

Sentence construction with 除了, 被,一方面

I'm currently studying these sentence constructions and I tried to translate in the best way possible. in addition to the kitchen, the living room of this apartment is also very large.Only if the ...
2
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3answers
105 views

How do form “You can borrow the book once [it's returned / C returns it]” in Chinese?

A: Can I borrow your novel? (我可以借你的小说吗?) B: Sorry, I have already lent it to C. (对不起,我已经借给了C。) B (option a): You can borrow the book once it's returned; B (option b): You can borrow the book once C ...
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6answers
524 views

What is 了 doing in 这个表快了+time?

I am confused about the 了 in the sentence: 这个表快了五分钟。 Zhèɡe biǎo kuàile wǔ fēnzhōnɡ. This watch is running five minutes faster. Clearly there is no change of state. Is it for completion? I don't ...
2
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2answers
91 views

Do time range constructions as “从~至” and “从~到” have a different meaning without 从?

In the following sentence, the teacher said that, since there is no 从 at the beginning it means that not everyday 我 have exams. If there was a 从 it would mean that 我 would have exams everyday until 六 ...
5
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2answers
191 views

How to write and structure a modern professional follow-up email like a native Chinese speaker?

I'm interested in how the modern professional email structures differ between Chinese and English. I'd like to create a go-to template/structure that can convert what native English speakers ...
6
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3answers
242 views

Is the use of a conjunction between the second-last and last word in a list (A、B和C) a natural Chinese construction?

Is the use of a conjunction between the second-last and last word in a list a natural Chinese construction? Sometimes the construction feels like an Anglicism: I do not hear it in daily speech that ...
1
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6answers
97 views

Why is 的 at the end of phrases such as 那是他们的 and 钱他们的?

I'm confused with the possessive particle 的, it was explained to me as 's in English and "of" something. Like, Y的X becomes X of Y. 那是他们的。 他们的是那。 Here are two sentences that from that logic ...
14
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4answers
6k views

Why use 的 at the end of a sentence such as 我一定會去看他的?

I'm looking for confirmation of the way I'm parsing a sentence with 的 at the end, and I'd appreciate some background or other examples of this usage. I found this sentence on tatoeba.org: 我一定會去看他的。 I'...
3
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5answers
413 views

Must 怎么 be right after 你 in this sentence: 你怎么知道我的名字

When you ask someone his/her name, you can say: 你叫什么名字 什么 is not right after 你 but when you ask someone how he/she knows your name, you say: 你怎么知道我的名字 Must 怎么 be right after 你 in this sentence? Is ...
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2answers
52 views

Are 你美好的未来 and 你的美好未来 and 你迷人的眼神 and 你的迷人眼神 all correct?

You can say 你 的 美好 未来 = Your bright future. And you can say 你 迷人 的 眼神 = Your charming eyes Is 你 美好 的 未来 also correct? Is 你 的 迷人 眼神 also correct?
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5answers
2k views

Which do I use: 喜欢不喜欢 or 喜不喜欢?

I know that 喜不喜欢 and 喜欢不喜欢 have the same meaning, but in a sentence, which would look more appealing or make more sense in the sentence? In other words, which one is grammatically correct?
2
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3answers
51 views

Is my sentence 我本来要带你去的,但是我的车抛锚了 correct?

I am learning how to use 本来 in a sentence; we are supposed to fill in the sentence to make the conversation whole. The first sentence is the one I wrote using the 本来 and the second is already given: ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Why is 英语和汉语我都会说 correct and 我会说都英语和汉语 incorrect?

While studying today's lesson I came across this sentence: 英语和汉语我都会说。 The lesson also says that I cannot say: 我会说都英语和汉语。 I imagine it's because of 都, so if I omit it, would it be correct to say ...
3
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2answers
406 views

What are the rules surrounding word order when talking about time (e.g. are 八点钟我想吃早饭 or 我想今天吃早饭 okay)?

During my time learning Chinese, I've heard two distinct word orders when referencing the time at which something will occur. For example, I was taught to say 今天我想吃早饭 to talk about 今天, 明天, etc, but I ...
7
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11answers
2k views

What's wrong with this sentence 我终于快到中国了

It is from my correct-the-sentence exercise. 我终于快到中国了。 I asked a Chinese, he said that this sentence is understandable. In my opinion, "终于" seems redundant. If not, the original sentence ...
3
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7answers
522 views

How do you say “we only have one carrot left”?

I'm practicing sentence writing and want to say We only have one carrot left. Imagine looking in the cupboard, and seeing there is only one carrot (although lots of other vegetables). I'm fairly ...
5
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2answers
913 views

How would you say: “This is my family photo taken two years ago of my younger brother's 10th birthday party.”

I want to say This is a family photo taken two years ago of my younger brother's 10th birthday party. I think I can break it up in separate sentences, e.g. 这是我全家的合影,是两年前拍了。我弟弟的十岁生日的时候。 But is there ...
0
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4answers
140 views

How can 那本书找了很长时间也没找到 be corrected?

This sentence comes from my homework. 那本书找了很长时间也没找到. (1) What's wrong with this sentence? (2) How can this sentence be corrected?
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2answers
224 views

Reduplication of adverb in Adv. + V1 + Adv. + V2 structure…?

I was watching We Bare Bears on Netflix with Chinese subs and encountered this sentence: 请轻拿轻放 Which translated into “Please be careful (with this).” I wonder what structure/grammar it is. Could ...
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5answers
179 views

Where is the verb in reduplication of adjectives “Noun + Adj + Adj + 的”?

I understand the 的 from the structure: Adj + 的 Example: 高的。 as attaching the Adj to an omitted Noun. This omitted Noun can either be a general noun such as "one/s" (高的 can mean the tall ...
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3answers
67 views

How “Noun + Adj + Adj + 的” (reduplication of adjectives) is grammatically equivalent to “Noun + (Adv of degree) + Adj”? [duplicate]

This question is motivated from Why 的 in reduplication of adjectives "Noun + Adj + Adj + 的"?. In the answers, it was argued that the reduplication of adjectives structure: Noun + Adj + Adj +...
3
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1answer
94 views

How can I ask “which one is your favorite/do you like more”?

I want to ask "which one is your favorite?", like between A and B, which one do you like more. Can I say "哪一个你最喜欢?" or "哪个你更喜欢?"? Is there a better way to ask? At this ...
3
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4answers
88 views

Can you still use “Number + MW + 多” when the Number can be more than one MW larger?

I have a doubt related to these questions: Does 多 always come after the measure word?, How to correctly use "多" to say "more than"? In the answers, they explain you can give an ...
3
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3answers
109 views

Why is 很早 after the verb in 我起床很早?

I came across the following sentence: 今天我起床很早。 Jīntiān wǒ qǐchuáng hěn zǎo. Today I wake up very early. I am confused about 很早 appearing after the verb. I think here 很早 (very early) indicates the ...
4
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3answers
561 views

Can an adverb modify another adverb in Chinese?

I was wondering if an adverb in Chinese can be used to modify another adverb. I looked some resources but I could not find it. For example, in Adverb in resources.allsetlearning, they just say "...
1
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1answer
295 views

How do I ask “Can you wash your clothes at the hotel?”

I've recently come across this statement. 那你可以在宾馆洗. "Then you can wash them (clothes) at the hotel." I'd like to say, "Can you wash your clothes at the hotel?" But I can't figure out the ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Placement of duration complement 很长时间 before a negated verb 没看?

I found the following sentence: 我很长时间没看电影了。 Wǒ hěn cháng shíjiān méi kàn diànyǐngle. I haven't watched a movie in a very long time. I believe 很长时间 (very long time) is the duration of the action 没看 (...
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3answers
670 views

Why is 得 in 多得做不完?

My understanding of 的-地-得 is the same as what's here: 的-地-得, when do you use which? -- which is summarised as: “地” usually appears before the verb while “得” appears after the verb. However, I found a ...
0
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1answer
76 views

What does 出马 mean in the below sentence?

这是我在做的一个课本练习: 用指定词语改述下列句子: 你还别不相信,他一到谁知道什么毛病。【出马】 我不知道这里怎么能用【出马】。下面这个句子是对的吗? 如果你不出马,他一到谁知道什么毛病。 而且我对这个部分不太理解:【你还别不相信】 是什么意思?【别+不】这个结合我不懂。 谢谢!
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2answers
94 views

In 有一只小鸟真可怜,它在树枝上冷得发抖 why is 有 at the start?

So I am studying this children´s story, and I can´t find a proper grammar explanation. 有一只小鸟真可怜,它在树枝上冷得发抖。 So here I assume 有 indicates the bird´s existence, however in every explanation about 有 ...
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2answers
77 views

他们俩的性格差不多,挺像双胞胎一样: Can we use 挺 in this manner?

I am trying to construct a sentence and I would like to know if this correct form of writing. 他们俩的性格差不多,挺像双胞胎一样. Is this sentence alright? Can we use 挺 in this manner?
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3answers
85 views

Passive object position in 是…的 structure?

I came across the following sentences: 1. 电话是谁打来的? Diànhuà shì shuí dǎlái de? Who was calling? 晚饭是妈妈做的。 Wǎnfàn shì māma zuò de. Mom made dinner. Which literally is something like: The phone call ...
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1answer
39 views

Where should 了 go: 你去了商店买什么衣服? or 你去商店买什么衣服了?

I want to ask, "What clothes did you buy at the store?" Which sentence is correct, or which sounds more correct. 你去了商店买什么衣服? 你去商店买什么衣服了? Where should the 了 go?
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1answer
40 views

Are the sentences 这个杯子有一点儿水 and 一点儿水在杯子里 correct?

I want to say there is a little bit/some water in the cup. Can I say either of these sentences to convey that message? 这个杯子有一点儿水。 一点儿水在杯子里。
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1answer
104 views

What does 介绍人 mean?

I have the following text: 丁力波的爸爸是加拿大人,妈妈是中国人。汉语是他爸爸,妈妈的 “介绍人”。 What does “介绍人” mean? Does it make sense?
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1answer
50 views

Reduplication of Adverb + Adjective in 很细很细

My textbook has this sentence: 是一种很细很细的针。 (1) What is the purpose of "很细很细"? (2) In what kind of situations can this phrase be used?
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6answers
141 views

What's the difference between 囚犯, 囚徒, 犯人 and 囚 and how does it affect a sentence?

I was searching online and I found out that there are several meanings for the word "prisoner" and I couldn't find the differences or a reason for it, therefore I'd like some help for this.
1
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1answer
39 views

可以 altering time words order?

In this site they say time words can only appear in two possible positions in a sentence, either before or after the subject: Time + Subj. + Verb + Obj. Subj. + Time + Verb + Obj. But I came across ...
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1answer
242 views

How to translate "(surname)老板“ in English

how does one translate '(surname)老板' from Chinese to English? I understand that the word '老板' means boss/shopkeeper/shop owner/chief, but when a surname is added in front of their position, how ...
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2answers
53 views

Comparison question with implicit 再 zài?

I just started learning chinese and I came across this dialogue from a lesson: A: Pínɡuǒzěnme mài ? 苹果怎么卖? How much are the apples? B: Sìkuài. 四块. 4 Yuan. A: Yǒudiǎnr ɡuì. Kěyǐpiányi yìdiǎnr mɑ? 有点儿贵。...
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2answers
83 views

Correction of 我在饭店里把晚饭吃了

我在饭店里把晚饭吃了吗 =》 My textbook gives me the correct one: 我在饭店里吃晚饭了。 My questions are (1) Why do this sentence not use 把 structure? (2) If I rewrite as below, which is grammatically correct? ...
0
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3answers
72 views

Is my sentence 如果没时间的话就告诉我 grammatically correct?

I am not sure that my sentence: 如果没时间的话就告诉我 is grammatically correct or not. So please guide me, have I used the right words?
1
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1answer
75 views

Is 他的自行车被我买了 grammatically wrong?

他的自行车被我买了. (His bicycle was bought by me.) As I learn, 被 structure tends to be used in negative conditions. In this sentence, I think it is not wrong but not smooth. Can anyone explain if it is ...

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