Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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When to Add 了 in the 太…了 Structure

The grammar structure for expressing too much is 太.....了according to my grammar book. And to express anymore... Eg. I don't like you anymore. I don't live there anymore. ...You also use 了 at ...
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How to properly Translate the “在目标为。。。时使用.” sentence pattern

I just started work on a new translation project for a client –– translating a Chinese document that talks about conflict resolution strategies. The original author really likes to use this particular ...
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Difference between 什么都不 and 什么都没

Is it a difference in the tenses? Like one's a present and the other is future? Explain with examples please And can we say 什么也不 and 什么也没?
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Should the object always be placed after the verb, and is a target and an object the same thing?

I have a question about the placements of objects and targets in sentences. I am not sure if I understand the difference between "target" and "object". I have tried search for it, but they both seem ...
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How do you use 的 at the end of a sentence

Like for school my teacher gave us an example 看足球赛的学生. And she wanted us to do that format. Such as the music I like or students who are doing homework at school So is it the thing the subject is ...
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How can I use the idiom 米已成炊 to explain “once I've told you, I can't un-tell you”?

I wrote the following: 我愿意告诉你我的故事,可是后来就跟米已成炊一样。 Basically, it was intended as a warning: I'm willing to tell you my story, but afterwards I can't un-tell you. My Chinese teacher indicated she ...
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Is it more natural to express “0” with a negative form?

In English you could use two forms when expressing a sentence that has a plural form with a value of "0". For example: You have 2 unread messages. Could be either: You have 0 unread messages. Or ...
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无聊 vs 闷 differences in usage

I have been trying to figure out if 无聊 and 闷 have some difference in terms of usages. So I have thought of some scenarios below. "Decribing an activity". If I want to say this activity is very ...
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How to use “considering [that]” as a conjunction?

How do I use the conjunction "considering [that]" in Chinese? See example below. "The companies process is sub-optimal, considering the complexity of their business model."
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Why does the object come first in the sentence 这本书我要再看一遍?

I am quite confused by the sentence 这本书我要再看一遍. It seems to me like a sentence with a simple subject/verb/object structure, with no complicated time or place words. But why does the object (这本书) come ...
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A city is located east/north/west/south of a country; what is the correct Chinese grammar for that?

For example: I want to say that Freiburg (in Germany) is located east of France. My sentence was this: 弗莱堡在法国的东边。 This is also how we did it in class. But I'm starting to worry this sounds like it's ...
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Where does the 'nominative object' go?

So, I realise that you probably shouldn't think of Chinese sentences in terms of Latin grammar, right? That is probably doomed to failure. But on the other hand, I have noticed that often, Chinese ...
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What is difference between 吃 and 在吃?

Both of them mean eat/eating etc. So I am trying to find out purpose of the 在. Lingodeer app uses it almost in every sentence but Duolingo almost never uses it. So what is the right way or what is the ...
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Using 的 at the end of a sentence

I'm looking for confirmation of the way I'm parsing a sentence with 的 at the end, and I'd appreciate some background or other examples of this usage. I found this sentence on tatoeba.org: 我一定會去看他的。...
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Errors and Unnatural Language in a Translation Challenge

I was recently challenged to translate the following sentence from English into Chinese: You should stay away from that bar. A friend of mine went there before, and he ended up in the hospital after ...
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Does 现在 make 就 redundant in “你现在就去做。”?

I'm trying to find 就 used as "at once" in a sentence so that I can add it to my flashcards but the only sentence I've found like that would be "你现在就去做". Issue is, 现在 already means "now" so that makes ...
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Is 来自 a 口语 or 书面语?

Is 来自 used in daily conversations? For example, if I want to say "I come from Malaysia." Should the sentence be 我来自马来西亚。or 我是从马来西亚来的。?
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What is an idiomatic way to say “This is not good” in Mandarin?

The title mostly covers the question, but some elaboration might help. In English, there is a common construction of ideas whereby the speaker makes a statement about an action or event, and follows ...
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Function of 开了 in 我开车开了半天了

I am currently studying Basic Mandarin Chinese by Cornelius C. Kubler and encounered the following sentence in Unit 8 Part 4: 我开车开了半天了,我们换个人开,行不行? Without 开了 the first part of sentence makes sense ...
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What is the function of 的 in the sentence below?

在有形的以太 It should mean "here in tangible ether" but I don't understand the function of 的. Can't I say the exact same thing writing it like that: 在有形以太 ?
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Why is the object placed in the middle of the sentence here?

I saw this sentence : 孩子们丢的东西都找到了 Why is the object (丢的东西) placed between the subject and the verb here???
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How do Chinese people say it when they are proud of someone?

This is not a question about the literal translation of the sentence: "I'm proud that you are my dad." The question itself is more like: what do Chinese people say when they want to express their ...
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What's the function of 让 here?

I read this sentence today : 你想让我给你打电话吗? Translated as : "Do you want me to call you?" My question is : What is the function of 让 here? I have read that 让 can be used to form causative sentences ...
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Difference in meaning based on position of modal verb

Here's a child's essay [1]: 今天是元宵节,妈妈说,在滨江公园有猜灯谜的活动。她还说,看花灯、猜灯谜、还有吃汤圆是元宵节的民俗。 晚上七点半,我和妈妈还有亲戚一起来到滨江公园,人真多,非常热闹!那里没有猜灯谜,我好失望。但是我们放了烟花,还放了孔明灯和河灯,真是太有趣了! 我觉得最有意思的是放孔明灯。我先在上面写了“希望我学习100分”,...
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Is `方法是通过xxx` a correct sentence? i.e. 中文中,介宾结构能作为名词(宾语)使用吗

The phrase often appears in english-chinese translation. For example: If you want to become a better photographer, the only way is through repetition. 如果您想成为一名较好的摄影师,惟一的方法是通过反复练习。 The ...
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在。。。中 / 在。。。下 / 在。。。上

It is probably quite likely that someone has asked this question before, however the search function doesn't throw anything up and it is actually quite difficult to search for! Simply put, I have ...
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Why is my translation different from theirs?

So, I was was reading something and they provided me a translation. Here's the first one: 我不想要你因为我变得消极 I won't want you to become pessimistic because of me. Why didn't it translate to "I don't ...
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Why is 又…又 structure used to connect verbs here?

I found this example sentence on YellowBridge : 那对恋人在沙发上又是接吻又是搂抱。 Why is the 又…又 structure used with verbs (both kissed and cuddled) here? As far as I know, that structure is usually used to ...
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What is the purpose of 一切信息 in this sentence?

Example sentence, from 青少年科学百科全书 (第一章:声音) 各种各样的声音能够使我们了解来自内部身体和外部世界发生的一切信息。 I've translated this as: Various sounds can enable our understanding of events in the human body and the outside ...
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can someone help me edit this essay about u.s. vs. china: college admissions

美国和中国的大学入˛取最重要地部分之一是标准化考试。尽管标准化考试在美国非常重要,但在中国更多。美国有两个标准化的测试选项。你可以选择采取任何你喜欢的考试。这两个考试遵循不同的规则,并基于不同的主题。对于那些喜欢英语和阅读的人来说,S.A.T.更好。对于那些喜欢数学和科学的人,他们会更喜欢A.C.T.。一些大学是可选的测试,所以学生甚至可能不需要参加考试。这个测试的学习时间平均为一年。...
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Are we allowed to omit 在 in 在…里,在…内 structure?

Based on an online dictionary : 在…里,在…内 : Inside or not further than an area or period of time And here are some examples (provided by the dictionary) of how 在…里 or 在…内 is used : Two ...
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Could you please explain to me the structure of this sentence?

There's this line in the story I read : “如果你能帮我们一个忙,试用我们的产品,并且,在这份评估单上打分,我们会再送你一瓶,以示感谢。” How is : 在 + 这 + 份 + 评估 + 单 + 上 + 打分 Translated as : "fill the test report" / "rate this evaluation form" ...
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Asking close friends what they like as souvenirs/gifts

I want to ask close friends (both in Cantonese and Mandarin) what they'd like for souvenirs. “What/do you like anything from (Japan)?” How do I say this in both languages? Thanks
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Question words at the end or beginning? Shei (very confusing)

So far, question words in Chinese have always appeared at the end.. but with "shei" I saw sentences like "Shei shi nide baba?" So it can be used at the start or end of a sentence? We could say, "Nide ...
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is there a way to know which words are grouped?

sample sentence: 在这个项目的研究上 the words that could be ambiguous are 项目: the project 目的: the goal, purpose, aim, intent how can this be resolved?
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Under what circumstances can you use 又…又…?

Can you only use 又 with adjectives, or can you also use it with verbs, verb phrases, and nouns? I want to say, "Summer this year is rainy and cloudy.", so I wrote, “今年夏天是又雨天又云天。” Is this correct, or ...
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How to translate “note:” into Chinese?

How is the word "note:" translated into Chinese within the following example? -Example- Summary of Findings Finding 1 Finding 2 Finding 3 Note: these findings were based on a first draft and may ...
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How does 一面向 break down in 她一面走着,一面向旁边张望着?

This is from the children's book 七色花: 她一面走着,一面向旁边张望着,念着招牌上的字,... As she walked, she looked sideways and read the words on the signboard ... [Google Translate] I'm wondering how 一面向 breaks ...
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How do form this sentence in Chinese?

A : Can I borrow your novel? (我可以借你的小说吗?) B : Sorry, I have already lent it to C. (对不起,我已经借给了C。) B : a) You can borrow the book once it's returned b) You can borrow the book once C returns it to me. ...
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Are independent and dependent clauses reversible?

In English a phrase such as “Call me when you get home” can be reversed into “When you get home, call me.” Is this also possible in Chinese? I tried to answer the question myself, but I could only ...
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The meaning of 是…的 in 有什么事是我该做的吗

I am a total noob when it comes to Chinese, so sorry if this is a dumb question. Recently I started using an Anki deck called SpoonFedChinese to study Chinese. Today I came across the following ...
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Where are you? What are you doing?

So I translated it like: "Ni zai nar? Ni zuo shenme?" But I found "Ni zai zuo shenme?" online... How is it zai zuo (in + to do)??? And is it correct if I just say zuo (to do)?? Does it express the ...
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What does the second "幅” mean in the following sentence?

...真是一幅"幅"美丽的山水画... VS ...真是一幅美丽的山水画... I am having some problems figuring out why there is a second ”幅” in the sentence and what it means? If I took out the second "幅” what would the meaning then be ...
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How do form this sentence “I want (object) to (verb/be) that…” in Chinese?

I want (object) to (verb/be) that... For examples : I want you to know that you are not alone anymore I want her to be my wife I want my brother to help me with my homework I want you to be mine ...
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How do you say “Where is Beijing?”

In Chinese will we say, "Beijing zai nār/nali?". Because I just learned to say, "Lundun zai Ying Guo." Plus, "Where is your home?" is, "Nide jia zai nar?" So using these rules, is it acceptable? ...
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“Aren't you both also Americans” in Chinese ?

Nǐmen dōu ye bù shì měi guó rén ma? Is it correct? I am comfortable with this word order. Is it acceptable?
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Why does 考 precede 中文 in 我下个星期要考中文?

In my Chinese textbook, for a dialogue, one of the lines says "我下个星期要考中文". Why is 中文 after 考, shouldn't the sentence be "我下个星期要中文的考"?
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Can I use 在 with 一边… 一边?

我一边吃饭,一边做作业 I do homework while eating 我一边在吃饭,一边在做作业 I'm doing homework while eating Is the second sentence correct? Can I use 在 or does 一边...一边 already imply that the action I'm talking about ...
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Does Chinese have any structure similar with this Japanese term?

I would like to say beforehand that my question requires someone who knows Japanese language to answer it, because the sentence that I need an answer to is a Japanese one. Let me explain first what I’...
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Is this email correct grammatically and structurally?

Recently I have tried to become more proficient in writing emails in Chinese. The structure for these are difficult, I have provided an example of a email I recently wrote. Is this correct ...