Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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5
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4answers
266 views

What is the subject in 有时间到我家去

There is this sentence in a dialog from my beginner text book: 好,我走了,有时间到我家去。再见! I understand the translation: Well, I'm going, if you have time, come to my home. Goodbye. However, though I ...
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2answers
65 views

How does work ergative structure and how often is it used?

I want to know how works the ergative structure and if it's often used or not and please could you give some examples like 院子 里 停着 车。 Literal: Courtyard-in park vehicle. Translation: In the courtyard ...
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1answer
47 views

How does work the chinese adjectives?

I'd like to know how work the chinese adjectives, because i was searching on the internet about this, but i wasn't able to understand the use of 的 and if any noun can become a adjective, if yes is it ...
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2answers
72 views

Expressing “Both A .. and B”

I came across the following sentence: 我既是一个语言的从教者,也是一个语言学习的爱好者。 I understand that "既 A , 也 B" is a sentence structure for expressing "both .. and ..". I was wondering about what effect 既 has on ...
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3answers
75 views

How do i know how to use the 为?

I want to know how to use the 为, because there are cases where we dont translate it and it gets it harder so i'd like like to know the uses and effects this one provoke in the sentence.
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2answers
62 views

Does each measure word have a specific way to use?

I'd like to know if there are specific ways to use each measure word or all can be use freely.
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1answer
128 views

Can I take this sign(一) out of these words 一丝不苟 and "不屑一顾 or no?

I'd like to know if that's optional take or not this sign, because i'm known that a few idioms are used to have this sign, thus i want to know why do they use this and how does it affect the sentence ?...
2
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4answers
137 views

What does 一个赛一个不讲理的 mean? Does the 的 determine its meaning?

一个赛一个不讲理的 Does it mean 'one competition, one unreasonable' or 'one is more unreasonable than the one before'? Does the word '的' important in sentence like this?
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3answers
168 views

Why is the meaning of 不是要求以小组为单位做报告吗?? (…以…为…)

不是要求以小组为单位做报告吗? Context: a conversation about an economics class in high school. The Chinese Grammar Wiki says "以 A 为 B" means "using/taking A as B", but it still doesn't make sense to me.
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What is 和 used for in 和西方人过圣诞节差不多,这是一个全家团聚的节日?

I know how to use 和 to link one or more nouns or noun phrases, but in this sentence I don't understand what purpose does it serve at the beginning of the sentence? 和西方人过圣诞节差不多,这是一个全家团聚的节日。 (This ...
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2answers
98 views

Help me rephrase: 相比看到子女长大成家,没有其他可以更让他们感觉放心的了

Reading the sentence below out loud felt extremely awkward, however I can't figure which part is improperly constructed to begin fixing the sentence. 相比看到子女长大成家,没有其他可以更让他们感觉放心的了。 I want to express ...
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4answers
76 views

What's the difference between 囚犯, 囚徒, 犯人 and 囚 and how does it affect any sentence?

I was searching online so i found out that there are several meanings for the word "prisoner" and i couldn't find the differences or a reason for it, therefore i'd like some help for this.
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710 views

What is the structure of 我吃饭的时候看了一本书?

The sentence 我吃饭的时候看了一本书。 apparently has two verbs (吃 and 看), but I can’t see how the two actions are correlated. Could anyone explain that?
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2answers
247 views

How to fill in the blanks in 两个队的分数_都很_近?

两个队的分数_都很_近. The spaces are where words/phrases are supposed to go. Are there such words that fit in these spaces? I've been going through Google trying to find similar sentence structures but to no ...
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3answers
3k views

How to say: “I have been studying Chinese for 4 years.”

How can I most accurately say the simple sentence: I have been studying Chinese for 4 years. This is a very simple phrase, and I am surprised at myself for not being confident in which one of the ...
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6answers
147 views

上的: What is it function in 中国历史学上的夏、商、周属于考古学上的青铜时代?

In the following sentence, what does 上的 mean? 中国历史学上的夏、商、周属于考古学上的青铜时代。 I translated it as "Archaeologists know the Xia, Shang and Zhou collectively as the Bronze Age." I think I have the gist of ...
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2answers
80 views

How do form “You can borrow the book once [it's returned / C returns in]” in Chinese?

A: Can I borrow your novel? (我可以借你的小说吗?) B: Sorry, I have already lent it to C. (对不起,我已经借给了C。) B (option a): You can borrow the book once it's returned; B (option b): You can borrow the book ...
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2answers
147 views

Why is 的 used in 你想要什么喝的吗?

你想要什么喝的吗? I've seen 的 used after a verb like this in other sentences. The only thing I could find about 的 after a verb was when it's used with 是.
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1answer
135 views

What is the role of 在 in 您要在关闭文件前保存吗?

I was using a text editor in Chinese, when I tried to exit without saving the currently opened file it showed me this sentence: 您要在关闭文件前保存吗? What is the role of 在 here? Is it related to the usage ...
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1answer
128 views

Is there something about 是在 that is meaningful in 让任意的值是在一个上下文当中?

I was reading this article when I came across this: 让任意的值是在一个上下文当中. 现在的情况你可以想象一个可以把值放进去的盒子 Because of the English version, I know that this is saying: Let an arbitrary value be in a context. ...
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3answers
702 views

How to use 弄 in a sentence?

On some of my Chinese school worksheets, we're supposed to use "弄" in the following sentences: Don't make the child cry. Loosen the belt. There is one more problem that has yet to be clarified. I'...
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4answers
425 views

Does 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 use the 以…为 grammar construct?

I read this sentence in the book 游子吟: 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 I'm unclear about what "以" and "为" are doing here. I Googled to see if "以...为" is a common construct; this page says that you can say ...
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3answers
49 views

Purpose of 要's location in 今天晚上老板要和我们一起加班。

今天晚上老板要和我们一起加班。 What purpose does 要 have here (in this specific location)? I thought it would be; 今天晚上老板和我们一起要加班。 I know 要 also means 'to do smth' so I get why it's needed, but why in that ...
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1answer
67 views

How to use 都 and 也 together?

How can I use 都 and 也 together? For example if I want to say; Both of us also think that you like her. How will I go about it? I know you can say (colloquially) 俩 but you still need 都 afterwords. ...
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3answers
34 views

Are both 我家 and 我的 okay in 下班以后我去你家或者你来[我家/我的],都可以?

In the this sentence, 下班以后我去你家或者你来我家,都可以。 Can I change it to; 下班以后我去你家或者你来我的,都可以。 Can I do this every time? If the context is clear then can I just say (sth.) 的? Also does the second ...
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3answers
68 views

Is 昨天我有过敏反应了, 所以,现在我不吃西瓜了 grammatical?

昨天我有过敏反应了, 所以,现在我不吃西瓜了。 I asked whether this sounded unnatural or not and was voted as 'a little unnatural'. And was answered with this; 昨天我吃完西瓜有过敏反应、所以我现在不吃西瓜了。 Is the first form acceptable ...
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4answers
637 views

是 does not connect two nouns in “有什么事是我该做的吗?”

有什么事是我该做的吗? Is there anything I should do? I realize this is a strange sentence, per the discussion in this question about the same sentence. However I want some clarifications about the existing ...
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4answers
118 views

Can “City of students” be translated to “Da xue sheng cheng shi”?

I am student of chinese language, level 1 and I will have to make a presentation about my city. I would truly appreciate your help. The title is "City of students". Could it be translated to "Da xue ...
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1answer
45 views

When to Add 了 in the 太…了 Structure

The grammar structure for expressing too much is 太.....了according to my grammar book. And to express anymore... Eg. I don't like you anymore. I don't live there anymore. ...You also use 了 at ...
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2answers
29 views

How to properly Translate the “在目标为。。。时使用.” sentence pattern

I just started work on a new translation project for a client –– translating a Chinese document that talks about conflict resolution strategies. The original author really likes to use this particular ...
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5answers
116 views

Difference between 什么都不 and 什么都没

Is it a difference in the tenses? Like one's a present and the other is future? Explain with examples please And can we say 什么也不 and 什么也没?
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3answers
277 views

Should the object always be placed after the verb, and is a target and an object the same thing?

I have a question about the placements of objects and targets in sentences. I am not sure if I understand the difference between "target" and "object". I have tried search for it, but they both seem ...
2
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1answer
59 views

How do you use 的 at the end of a sentence

Like for school my teacher gave us an example 看足球赛的学生. And she wanted us to do that format. Such as the music I like or students who are doing homework at school So is it the thing the subject is ...
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2answers
55 views

How can I use the idiom 米已成炊 to explain “once I've told you, I can't un-tell you”?

I wrote the following: 我愿意告诉你我的故事,可是后来就跟米已成炊一样。 Basically, it was intended as a warning: I'm willing to tell you my story, but afterwards I can't un-tell you. My Chinese teacher indicated she ...
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2answers
83 views

Is it more natural to express “0” with a negative form?

In English you could use two forms when expressing a sentence that has a plural form with a value of "0". For example: You have 2 unread messages. Could be either: You have 0 unread messages. Or ...
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3answers
155 views

无聊 vs 闷 differences in usage

I have been trying to figure out if 无聊 and 闷 have some difference in terms of usages. So I have thought of some scenarios below. "Decribing an activity". If I want to say this activity is very ...
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2answers
148 views

How to use “considering [that]” as a conjunction?

How do I use the conjunction "considering [that]" in Chinese? See example below. "The companies process is sub-optimal, considering the complexity of their business model."
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2answers
71 views

Why does the object come first in the sentence 这本书我要再看一遍?

I am quite confused by the sentence 这本书我要再看一遍. It seems to me like a sentence with a simple subject/verb/object structure, with no complicated time or place words. But why does the object (这本书) come ...
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3answers
94 views

A city is located east/north/west/south of a country; what is the correct Chinese grammar for that?

For example: I want to say that Freiburg (in Germany) is located east of France. My sentence was this: 弗莱堡在法国的东边。 This is also how we did it in class. But I'm starting to worry this sounds like it's ...
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1answer
54 views

Where does the 'nominative object' go?

So, I realise that you probably shouldn't think of Chinese sentences in terms of Latin grammar, right? That is probably doomed to failure. But on the other hand, I have noticed that often, Chinese ...
3
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1answer
89 views

What is difference between 吃 and 在吃?

Both of them mean eat/eating etc. So I am trying to find out purpose of the 在. Lingodeer app uses it almost in every sentence but Duolingo almost never uses it. So what is the right way or what is the ...
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3answers
5k views

Using 的 at the end of a sentence

I'm looking for confirmation of the way I'm parsing a sentence with 的 at the end, and I'd appreciate some background or other examples of this usage. I found this sentence on tatoeba.org: 我一定會去看他的。...
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3answers
404 views

Errors and Unnatural Language in a Translation Challenge

I was recently challenged to translate the following sentence from English into Chinese: You should stay away from that bar. A friend of mine went there before, and he ended up in the hospital after ...
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3answers
83 views

Does 现在 make 就 redundant in “你现在就去做。”?

I'm trying to find 就 used as "at once" in a sentence so that I can add it to my flashcards but the only sentence I've found like that would be "你现在就去做". Issue is, 现在 already means "now" so that makes ...
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1answer
74 views

Is 来自 a 口语 or 书面语?

Is 来自 used in daily conversations? For example, if I want to say "I come from Malaysia." Should the sentence be 我来自马来西亚。or 我是从马来西亚来的。?
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4answers
646 views

What is an idiomatic way to say “This is not good” in Mandarin?

The title mostly covers the question, but some elaboration might help. In English, there is a common construction of ideas whereby the speaker makes a statement about an action or event, and follows ...
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2answers
75 views

Function of 开了 in 我开车开了半天了

I am currently studying Basic Mandarin Chinese by Cornelius C. Kubler and encounered the following sentence in Unit 8 Part 4: 我开车开了半天了,我们换个人开,行不行? Without 开了 the first part of sentence makes sense ...
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2answers
69 views

What is the function of 的 in the sentence below?

在有形的以太 It should mean "here in tangible ether" but I don't understand the function of 的. Can't I say the exact same thing writing it like that: 在有形以太 ?
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3answers
88 views

Why is the object placed in the middle of the sentence here?

I saw this sentence : 孩子们丢的东西都找到了 Why is the object (丢的东西) placed between the subject and the verb here???
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2answers
215 views

How do Chinese people say it when they are proud of someone?

This is not a question about the literal translation of the sentence: "I'm proud that you are my dad." The question itself is more like: what do Chinese people say when they want to express their ...