Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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2
votes
1answer
56 views

Why is 英语和汉语我都会说 correct and 我会说都英语和汉语 incorrect?

While studying today's lesson I came across this sentence: 英语和汉语我都会说。 The lesson also says that I cannot say: 我会说都英语和汉语。 I imagine it's because of 都, so if I omit it, would it be correct to say ...
3
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2answers
406 views

What are the rules surrounding word order when talking about time (e.g. are 八点钟我想吃早饭 or 我想今天吃早饭 okay)?

During my time learning Chinese, I've heard two distinct word orders when referencing the time at which something will occur. For example, I was taught to say 今天我想吃早饭 to talk about 今天, 明天, etc, but I ...
7
votes
11answers
2k views

What's wrong with this sentence 我终于快到中国了

It is from my correct-the-sentence exercise. 我终于快到中国了。 I asked a Chinese, he said that this sentence is understandable. In my opinion, "终于" seems redundant. If not, the original sentence ...
3
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7answers
516 views

How do you say “we only have one carrot left”?

I'm practicing sentence writing and want to say We only have one carrot left. Imagine looking in the cupboard, and seeing there is only one carrot (although lots of other vegetables). I'm fairly ...
5
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2answers
909 views

How would you say: “This is my family photo taken two years ago of my younger brother's 10th birthday party.”

I want to say This is a family photo taken two years ago of my younger brother's 10th birthday party. I think I can break it up in separate sentences, e.g. 这是我全家的合影,是两年前拍了。我弟弟的十岁生日的时候。 But is there ...
0
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4answers
140 views

How can 那本书找了很长时间也没找到 be corrected?

This sentence comes from my homework. 那本书找了很长时间也没找到. (1) What's wrong with this sentence? (2) How can this sentence be corrected?
2
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2answers
218 views

Reduplication of adverb in Adv. + V1 + Adv. + V2 structure…?

I was watching We Bare Bears on Netflix with Chinese subs and encountered this sentence: 请轻拿轻放 Which translated into “Please be careful (with this).” I wonder what structure/grammar it is. Could ...
1
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5answers
174 views

Where is the verb in reduplication of adjectives “Noun + Adj + Adj + 的”?

I understand the 的 from the structure: Adj + 的 Example: 高的。 as attaching the Adj to an omitted Noun. This omitted Noun can either be a general noun such as "one/s" (高的 can mean the tall ...
0
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3answers
66 views

How “Noun + Adj + Adj + 的” (reduplication of adjectives) is grammatically equivalent to “Noun + (Adv of degree) + Adj”? [duplicate]

This question is motivated from Why 的 in reduplication of adjectives "Noun + Adj + Adj + 的"?. In the answers, it was argued that the reduplication of adjectives structure: Noun + Adj + Adj +...
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4answers
85 views

Can you still use “Number + MW + 多” when the Number can be more than one MW larger?

I have a doubt related to these questions: Does 多 always come after the measure word?, How to correctly use "多" to say "more than"? In the answers, they explain you can give an ...
14
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4answers
6k views

Using 的 at the end of a sentence

I'm looking for confirmation of the way I'm parsing a sentence with 的 at the end, and I'd appreciate some background or other examples of this usage. I found this sentence on tatoeba.org: 我一定會去看他的。 I'...
3
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4answers
485 views

What is 了 doing in 这个表快了+time?

I am confused about the 了 in the sentence: 这个表快了五分钟。 Zhèɡe biǎo kuàile wǔ fēnzhōnɡ. This watch is running five minutes faster. Clearly there is no change of state. Is it for completion? I don't ...
3
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3answers
107 views

Why is 很早 after the verb in 我起床很早?

I came across the following sentence: 今天我起床很早。 Jīntiān wǒ qǐchuáng hěn zǎo. Today I wake up very early. I am confused about 很早 appearing after the verb. I think here 很早 (very early) indicates the ...
4
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3answers
559 views

Can an adverb modify another adverb in Chinese?

I was wondering if an adverb in Chinese can be used to modify another adverb. I looked some resources but I could not find it. For example, in Adverb in resources.allsetlearning, they just say "...
1
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1answer
295 views

How do I ask “Can you wash your clothes at the hotel?”

I've recently come across this statement. 那你可以在宾馆洗. "Then you can wash them (clothes) at the hotel." I'd like to say, "Can you wash your clothes at the hotel?" But I can't figure out the ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Placement of duration complement 很长时间 before a negated verb 没看?

I found the following sentence: 我很长时间没看电影了。 Wǒ hěn cháng shíjiān méi kàn diànyǐngle. I haven't watched a movie in a very long time. I believe 很长时间 (very long time) is the duration of the action 没看 (...
7
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3answers
665 views

Why is 得 in 多得做不完?

My understanding of 的-地-得 is the same as what's here: 的-地-得, when do you use which? -- which is summarised as: “地” usually appears before the verb while “得” appears after the verb. However, I found a ...
0
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1answer
76 views

What does 出马 mean in the below sentence?

这是我在做的一个课本练习: 用指定词语改述下列句子: 你还别不相信,他一到谁知道什么毛病。【出马】 我不知道这里怎么能用【出马】。下面这个句子是对的吗? 如果你不出马,他一到谁知道什么毛病。 而且我对这个部分不太理解:【你还别不相信】 是什么意思?【别+不】这个结合我不懂。 谢谢!
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2answers
94 views

In 有一只小鸟真可怜,它在树枝上冷得发抖 why is 有 at the start?

So I am studying this children´s story, and I can´t find a proper grammar explanation. 有一只小鸟真可怜,它在树枝上冷得发抖。 So here I assume 有 indicates the bird´s existence, however in every explanation about 有 ...
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2answers
76 views

他们俩的性格差不多,挺像双胞胎一样: Can we use 挺 in this manner?

I am trying to construct a sentence and I would like to know if this correct form of writing. 他们俩的性格差不多,挺像双胞胎一样. Is this sentence alright? Can we use 挺 in this manner?
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3answers
84 views

Passive object position in 是…的 structure?

I came across the following sentences: 1. 电话是谁打来的? Diànhuà shì shuí dǎlái de? Who was calling? 晚饭是妈妈做的。 Wǎnfàn shì māma zuò de. Mom made dinner. Which literally is something like: The phone call ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Where should 了 go: 你去了商店买什么衣服? or 你去商店买什么衣服了?

I want to ask, "What clothes did you buy at the store?" Which sentence is correct, or which sounds more correct. 你去了商店买什么衣服? 你去商店买什么衣服了? Where should the 了 go?
0
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1answer
39 views

Are the sentences 这个杯子有一点儿水 and 一点儿水在杯子里 correct?

I want to say there is a little bit/some water in the cup. Can I say either of these sentences to convey that message? 这个杯子有一点儿水。 一点儿水在杯子里。
1
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1answer
104 views

What does 介绍人 mean?

I have the following text: 丁力波的爸爸是加拿大人,妈妈是中国人。汉语是他爸爸,妈妈的 “介绍人”。 What does “介绍人” mean? Does it make sense?
1
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1answer
50 views

Reduplication of Adverb + Adjective in 很细很细

My textbook has this sentence: 是一种很细很细的针。 (1) What is the purpose of "很细很细"? (2) In what kind of situations can this phrase be used?
2
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6answers
141 views

What's the difference between 囚犯, 囚徒, 犯人 and 囚 and how does it affect a sentence?

I was searching online and I found out that there are several meanings for the word "prisoner" and I couldn't find the differences or a reason for it, therefore I'd like some help for this.
5
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2answers
165 views

How to write and structure a modern professional follow-up email like a native Chinese speaker?

I'm interested in how the modern professional email structures differ between Chinese and English. I'd like to create a go-to template/structure that can convert what native English speakers ...
1
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1answer
38 views

可以 altering time words order?

In this site they say time words can only appear in two possible positions in a sentence, either before or after the subject: Time + Subj. + Verb + Obj. Subj. + Time + Verb + Obj. But I came across ...
1
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1answer
242 views

How to translate "(surname)老板“ in English

how does one translate '(surname)老板' from Chinese to English? I understand that the word '老板' means boss/shopkeeper/shop owner/chief, but when a surname is added in front of their position, how ...
1
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2answers
53 views

Comparison question with implicit 再 zài?

I just started learning chinese and I came across this dialogue from a lesson: A: Pínɡuǒzěnme mài ? 苹果怎么卖? How much are the apples? B: Sìkuài. 四块. 4 Yuan. A: Yǒudiǎnr ɡuì. Kěyǐpiányi yìdiǎnr mɑ? 有点儿贵。...
0
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3answers
70 views

Is my sentence 如果没时间的话就告诉我 grammatically correct?

I am not sure that my sentence: 如果没时间的话就告诉我 is grammatically correct or not. So please guide me, have I used the right words?
1
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1answer
74 views

Is 他的自行车被我买了 grammatically wrong?

他的自行车被我买了. (His bicycle was bought by me.) As I learn, 被 structure tends to be used in negative conditions. In this sentence, I think it is not wrong but not smooth. Can anyone explain if it is ...
3
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3answers
119 views

How does word order work in “作业 他 一点 都 没 做 ?”?

In Chinese grammar wiki, I found this sentence: 作业 他 一点 都 没 做 ? I'd like to read up on how this word order works and how to correctly apply it. Does it change the meaning or focus?
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2answers
42 views

Is my sentence 如果我没去上班就一起朋友去玩 grammatially correct?

I have written the following sentence 如果我没去上班就一起朋友去玩 But, I am not sure if it is grammatically correct or not. Please give me some guidance.
2
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5answers
108 views

What is the function of 就是

What does 就 是mean and how do we use it I have seen many times people using like in this sentence 就是关于爱情的 so what does 就是really means
1
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2answers
59 views

可以 order structure?

I have some confusion about the grammar structure of 可以 Kěyǐ. I found in this website the basic usage is: Subj. + 可以 + Verb + Obj. But then I came across a dialogue where they put it after the verb: ...
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3answers
105 views

What is the role of 给 in this 把 … 给 V construction?

I came across the following sentence in EP340 of the 故事FM podcast: 把一个垃圾桶的盖子给返过来,把小孩放在上面换了尿布。 My question is about the role 给 in the first part, before the comma. Without the 给 it would make perfect ...
3
votes
2answers
153 views

Why is 讲 where it is in 他英语讲得很好?

I was doing a sentence rearranging exercise and came across this: 他英语讲得很好。 Could someone explain the structure of this sentence? I feel like it would be more properly written as: 他会说英语说得很好。 I ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Position of 提供 in 这椅子是专为老年人提供的

这椅子是专为老年人提供的. This chair is provided for the old man. I don't understand why 提供 is at the end of sentence. I thought 提供 could be placed before 专为.
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2answers
50 views

Purpose of 就…了 in 这套房子下午就没有阳光了吧?

The conversation is: A: 这套房子下午就没有阳光了吧? B: 是的。 Can you guys tell me the purpose of 就...了 in that question? Thank you a lot.
4
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4answers
186 views

Is “商店里也没有一个面包” wrong?

大家好, I have two sentences. 商店里也没有一个面包。 商店里一个面包也没有。 My friend says that both are right, but their meaning may be different. In writing, only the second sentence is used. Please explain to me why is ...
1
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1answer
45 views

What is the meaning of “对着/对上/对不上” in this pattern “Subj. + 对着/对上/对不上”?

I read this. I do not understand the meaning of "对着/对上/对不上" in this structure. Can you guys make it clear? Moreover, this pattern Subj. + 对着/对上/对不上 may lack of predicate. So, what types of ...
3
votes
4answers
261 views

Sentence structure: V 还 V 不来 呢

I have come across this 还-based sentence structure and don't know what it implies. Here is an example: 中文:有人请你玩儿你还不去? 这样的好事我盼还盼不来呢 英语:Somebody invited you over and you're not going?! Such a good ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

Is 就玛丽很快不哭了 grammatically wrong?

The full sentence is 听了我的话,就玛丽很快不哭了。 I get confused with the position of 就: 就玛丽很快不哭了 => Only Mary will not cry soon. Is that correct? Please help me out with this.
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2answers
33 views

How to know “了…就” indicating completed actions

I just find out two circumstances that "了...就" construction is used. (1) 昨天,我买了书就回家。(Yesterday, after I had bought the book, I came back home) - COMPLETED ACTIONS (2) 我买了书就回家。(After buying the book, ...
1
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2answers
60 views

Putting 了 in both parts of separable verbs: is it mandatory?

My sentence is 我们八点已经开始上了课。 Can I put 了 at the end of sentence? Or is it mandatory to put between both parts of 上课 (a separable verb)?
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1answer
61 views

The meaning of 了 before and after Object of Consecutive Actions

I get confused about the meaning of 了 in the sentence describing consecutive actions. Can you guys explain the difference of meaning in two examples? 我坐飞机去了上海。 我坐飞机去上海了。 and 我来他家吃了饭。 我来他家吃饭了。 ...
0
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3answers
58 views

Is this sentence grammatically wrong? 我刚来了中国的时候,不会说中文。 我上大学了的时候,认识了我女朋友。

can anyone point out why this sentence is wrong? 我刚来了中国的时候,不会说中文。 我上大学了的时候,认识了我女朋友。 Thank you so much!
1
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2answers
74 views

Why is 这件衣服有点儿深颜色 grammatically wrong?

The correct sentence is 这件衣服颜色有点儿深. I do not understand that why 颜色 is not put right after 深. Please explain to me. Thank you so much.
0
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2answers
42 views

Expressing existence with 有: Are measure words compulsory?

I learn a new structure with 有. Place + 有 + Object I wonder if measure words are compulsory. I see everyone says: 我家有很多花。以前有一座桥。那个商店没有面包。 But nobody says: 我家有花。以前有桥。 So, are measure words ...

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