Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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47 views

How does work the chinese adjectives?

I'd like to know how work the chinese adjectives, because i was searching on the internet about this, but i wasn't able to understand the use of 的 and if any noun can become a adjective, if yes is it ...
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Expressing “Both A .. and B”

I came across the following sentence: 我既是一个语言的从教者,也是一个语言学习的爱好者。 I understand that "既 A , 也 B" is a sentence structure for expressing "both .. and ..". I was wondering about what effect 既 has on ...
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How does work ergative structure and how often is it used?

I want to know how works the ergative structure and if it's often used or not and please could you give some examples like 院子 里 停着 车。 Literal: Courtyard-in park vehicle. Translation: In the courtyard ...
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How do i know how to use the 为?

I want to know how to use the 为, because there are cases where we dont translate it and it gets it harder so i'd like like to know the uses and effects this one provoke in the sentence.
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Does each measure word have a specific way to use?

I'd like to know if there are specific ways to use each measure word or all can be use freely.
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Can I take this sign(一) out of these words 一丝不苟 and "不屑一顾 or no?

I'd like to know if that's optional take or not this sign, because i'm known that a few idioms are used to have this sign, thus i want to know why do they use this and how does it affect the sentence ?...
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What's the difference between 囚犯, 囚徒, 犯人 and 囚 and how does it affect any sentence?

I was searching online so i found out that there are several meanings for the word "prisoner" and i couldn't find the differences or a reason for it, therefore i'd like some help for this.
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Purpose of 要's location in 今天晚上老板要和我们一起加班。

今天晚上老板要和我们一起加班。 What purpose does 要 have here (in this specific location)? I thought it would be; 今天晚上老板和我们一起要加班。 I know 要 also means 'to do smth' so I get why it's needed, but why in that ...
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How to use 都 and 也 together?

How can I use 都 and 也 together? For example if I want to say; Both of us also think that you like her. How will I go about it? I know you can say (colloquially) 俩 but you still need 都 afterwords. ...
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Are both 我家 and 我的 okay in 下班以后我去你家或者你来[我家/我的],都可以?

In the this sentence, 下班以后我去你家或者你来我家,都可以。 Can I change it to; 下班以后我去你家或者你来我的,都可以。 Can I do this every time? If the context is clear then can I just say (sth.) 的? Also does the second ...
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Is 昨天我有过敏反应了, 所以,现在我不吃西瓜了 grammatical?

昨天我有过敏反应了, 所以,现在我不吃西瓜了。 I asked whether this sounded unnatural or not and was voted as 'a little unnatural'. And was answered with this; 昨天我吃完西瓜有过敏反应、所以我现在不吃西瓜了。 Is the first form acceptable ...
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是 does not connect two nouns in “有什么事是我该做的吗?”

有什么事是我该做的吗? Is there anything I should do? I realize this is a strange sentence, per the discussion in this question about the same sentence. However I want some clarifications about the existing ...
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When to Add 了 in the 太…了 Structure

The grammar structure for expressing too much is 太.....了according to my grammar book. And to express anymore... Eg. I don't like you anymore. I don't live there anymore. ...You also use 了 at ...
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How to properly Translate the “在目标为。。。时使用.” sentence pattern

I just started work on a new translation project for a client –– translating a Chinese document that talks about conflict resolution strategies. The original author really likes to use this particular ...
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Difference between 什么都不 and 什么都没

Is it a difference in the tenses? Like one's a present and the other is future? Explain with examples please And can we say 什么也不 and 什么也没?
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How do you use 的 at the end of a sentence

Like for school my teacher gave us an example 看足球赛的学生. And she wanted us to do that format. Such as the music I like or students who are doing homework at school So is it the thing the subject is ...
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How can I use the idiom 米已成炊 to explain “once I've told you, I can't un-tell you”?

I wrote the following: 我愿意告诉你我的故事,可是后来就跟米已成炊一样。 Basically, it was intended as a warning: I'm willing to tell you my story, but afterwards I can't un-tell you. My Chinese teacher indicated she ...
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Is it more natural to express “0” with a negative form?

In English you could use two forms when expressing a sentence that has a plural form with a value of "0". For example: You have 2 unread messages. Could be either: You have 0 unread messages. Or ...
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71 views

Why does the object come first in the sentence 这本书我要再看一遍?

I am quite confused by the sentence 这本书我要再看一遍. It seems to me like a sentence with a simple subject/verb/object structure, with no complicated time or place words. But why does the object (这本书) come ...
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A city is located east/north/west/south of a country; what is the correct Chinese grammar for that?

For example: I want to say that Freiburg (in Germany) is located east of France. My sentence was this: 弗莱堡在法国的东边。 This is also how we did it in class. But I'm starting to worry this sounds like it's ...
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Where does the 'nominative object' go?

So, I realise that you probably shouldn't think of Chinese sentences in terms of Latin grammar, right? That is probably doomed to failure. But on the other hand, I have noticed that often, Chinese ...
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1answer
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What is difference between 吃 and 在吃?

Both of them mean eat/eating etc. So I am trying to find out purpose of the 在. Lingodeer app uses it almost in every sentence but Duolingo almost never uses it. So what is the right way or what is the ...
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155 views

无聊 vs 闷 differences in usage

I have been trying to figure out if 无聊 and 闷 have some difference in terms of usages. So I have thought of some scenarios below. "Decribing an activity". If I want to say this activity is very ...
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Does 现在 make 就 redundant in “你现在就去做。”?

I'm trying to find 就 used as "at once" in a sentence so that I can add it to my flashcards but the only sentence I've found like that would be "你现在就去做". Issue is, 现在 already means "now" so that makes ...
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Is 来自 a 口语 or 书面语?

Is 来自 used in daily conversations? For example, if I want to say "I come from Malaysia." Should the sentence be 我来自马来西亚。or 我是从马来西亚来的。?
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Function of 开了 in 我开车开了半天了

I am currently studying Basic Mandarin Chinese by Cornelius C. Kubler and encounered the following sentence in Unit 8 Part 4: 我开车开了半天了,我们换个人开,行不行? Without 开了 the first part of sentence makes sense ...
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69 views

What is the function of 的 in the sentence below?

在有形的以太 It should mean "here in tangible ether" but I don't understand the function of 的. Can't I say the exact same thing writing it like that: 在有形以太 ?
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Why is the object placed in the middle of the sentence here?

I saw this sentence : 孩子们丢的东西都找到了 Why is the object (丢的东西) placed between the subject and the verb here???
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How do Chinese people say it when they are proud of someone?

This is not a question about the literal translation of the sentence: "I'm proud that you are my dad." The question itself is more like: what do Chinese people say when they want to express their ...
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Difference in meaning based on position of modal verb

Here's a child's essay [1]: 今天是元宵节,妈妈说,在滨江公园有猜灯谜的活动。她还说,看花灯、猜灯谜、还有吃汤圆是元宵节的民俗。 晚上七点半,我和妈妈还有亲戚一起来到滨江公园,人真多,非常热闹!那里没有猜灯谜,我好失望。但是我们放了烟花,还放了孔明灯和河灯,真是太有趣了! 我觉得最有意思的是放孔明灯。我先在上面写了“希望我学习100分”,...
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What's the function of 让 here?

I read this sentence today : 你想让我给你打电话吗? Translated as : "Do you want me to call you?" My question is : What is the function of 让 here? I have read that 让 can be used to form causative sentences ...
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671 views

Is `方法是通过xxx` a correct sentence? i.e. 中文中,介宾结构能作为名词(宾语)使用吗

The phrase often appears in english-chinese translation. For example: If you want to become a better photographer, the only way is through repetition. 如果您想成为一名较好的摄影师,惟一的方法是通过反复练习。 The ...
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在。。。中 / 在。。。下 / 在。。。上

It is probably quite likely that someone has asked this question before, however the search function doesn't throw anything up and it is actually quite difficult to search for! Simply put, I have ...
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Why is my translation different from theirs?

So, I was was reading something and they provided me a translation. Here's the first one: 我不想要你因为我变得消极 I won't want you to become pessimistic because of me. Why didn't it translate to "I don't ...
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122 views

Why is 又…又 structure used to connect verbs here?

I found this example sentence on YellowBridge : 那对恋人在沙发上又是接吻又是搂抱。 Why is the 又…又 structure used with verbs (both kissed and cuddled) here? As far as I know, that structure is usually used to ...
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Are we allowed to omit 在 in 在…里,在…内 structure?

Based on an online dictionary : 在…里,在…内 : Inside or not further than an area or period of time And here are some examples (provided by the dictionary) of how 在…里 or 在…内 is used : Two ...
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What is the purpose of 一切信息 in this sentence?

Example sentence, from 青少年科学百科全书 (第一章:声音) 各种各样的声音能够使我们了解来自内部身体和外部世界发生的一切信息。 I've translated this as: Various sounds can enable our understanding of events in the human body and the outside ...
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Could you please explain to me the structure of this sentence?

There's this line in the story I read : “如果你能帮我们一个忙,试用我们的产品,并且,在这份评估单上打分,我们会再送你一瓶,以示感谢。” How is : 在 + 这 + 份 + 评估 + 单 + 上 + 打分 Translated as : "fill the test report" / "rate this evaluation form" ...
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Asking close friends what they like as souvenirs/gifts

I want to ask close friends (both in Cantonese and Mandarin) what they'd like for souvenirs. “What/do you like anything from (Japan)?” How do I say this in both languages? Thanks
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can someone help me edit this essay about u.s. vs. china: college admissions

美国和中国的大学入˛取最重要地部分之一是标准化考试。尽管标准化考试在美国非常重要,但在中国更多。美国有两个标准化的测试选项。你可以选择采取任何你喜欢的考试。这两个考试遵循不同的规则,并基于不同的主题。对于那些喜欢英语和阅读的人来说,S.A.T.更好。对于那些喜欢数学和科学的人,他们会更喜欢A.C.T.。一些大学是可选的测试,所以学生甚至可能不需要参加考试。这个测试的学习时间平均为一年。...
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is there a way to know which words are grouped?

sample sentence: 在这个项目的研究上 the words that could be ambiguous are 项目: the project 目的: the goal, purpose, aim, intent how can this be resolved?
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How to use “considering [that]” as a conjunction?

How do I use the conjunction "considering [that]" in Chinese? See example below. "The companies process is sub-optimal, considering the complexity of their business model."
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How to translate “note:” into Chinese?

How is the word "note:" translated into Chinese within the following example? -Example- Summary of Findings Finding 1 Finding 2 Finding 3 Note: these findings were based on a first draft and may ...
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How does 一面向 break down in 她一面走着,一面向旁边张望着?

This is from the children's book 七色花: 她一面走着,一面向旁边张望着,念着招牌上的字,... As she walked, she looked sideways and read the words on the signboard ... [Google Translate] I'm wondering how 一面向 breaks ...
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194 views

The meaning of 是…的 in 有什么事是我该做的吗

I am a total noob when it comes to Chinese, so sorry if this is a dumb question. Recently I started using an Anki deck called SpoonFedChinese to study Chinese. Today I came across the following ...
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118 views

Are independent and dependent clauses reversible?

In English a phrase such as “Call me when you get home” can be reversed into “When you get home, call me.” Is this also possible in Chinese? I tried to answer the question myself, but I could only ...
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How do form “You can borrow the book once [it's returned / C returns in]” in Chinese?

A: Can I borrow your novel? (我可以借你的小说吗?) B: Sorry, I have already lent it to C. (对不起,我已经借给了C。) B (option a): You can borrow the book once it's returned; B (option b): You can borrow the book ...
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273 views

Under what circumstances can you use 又…又…?

Can you only use 又 with adjectives, or can you also use it with verbs, verb phrases, and nouns? I want to say, "Summer this year is rainy and cloudy.", so I wrote, “今年夏天是又雨天又云天。” Is this correct, or ...
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355 views

Question words at the end or beginning? Shei (very confusing)

So far, question words in Chinese have always appeared at the end.. but with "shei" I saw sentences like "Shei shi nide baba?" So it can be used at the start or end of a sentence? We could say, "Nide ...
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1answer
31 views

How do form this sentence “I want (object) to (verb/be) that…” in Chinese?

I want (object) to (verb/be) that... For examples : I want you to know that you are not alone anymore I want her to be my wife I want my brother to help me with my homework I want you to be mine ...