Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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4
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6answers
559 views

What is 了 doing in 这个表快了+time?

I am confused about the 了 in the sentence: 这个表快了五分钟。 Zhèɡe biǎo kuàile wǔ fēnzhōnɡ. This watch is running five minutes faster. Clearly there is no change of state. Is it for completion? I don't ...
2
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3answers
82 views

Why does 喜欢 go before 跟 in 他喜欢跟她在一起?

I am somewhat new to Chinese and was learning “跟”. One of the sentences is "he likes to be with her" and 我的老师 says the correct form is 他喜欢跟她在一起。 Would anyone be capable of breaking down ...
0
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2answers
43 views

Meaning of 事情并没有想家的那么糟糕

事情并没有想家的那么糟糕。 (1) What is the meaning of this sentence? (2) In “想家的那么糟糕”, please explain to me the function of 的? I do not understand why 的 turns up in that position.
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2answers
69 views

Are 你美好的未来 and 你的美好未来 and 你迷人的眼神 and 你的迷人眼神 all correct?

You can say 你 的 美好 未来 = Your bright future. And you can say 你 迷人 的 眼神 = Your charming eyes Is 你 美好 的 未来 also correct? Is 你 的 迷人 眼神 also correct?
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2answers
57 views

Why is 都 placed after a verb in “什么时候还都可以”?

I found this example: 你拿着用吧,什么时候还都可以。 Nǐ ná zheyòng ba, shénme shíhòu huán dōu kěyǐ. You can have it as long as you want. I am confused about the grammar structure behind 什么时候还都可以 (literally: any ...
0
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3answers
85 views

How to ask in Chinese: What do you want to come to talk to me about?

你想去对我说 means you want to go to speak to me. How to ask a question: What do you want to come to talk to me about? I don't know where to put the word 什么. Is 你想去对我说什么 correct? How to say a normal ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Differences between “Verb + Adj”, “Adj + Verb”, “Verb + 得 + Adj” and “Adj + 地 + Verb”?

I am having some difficulties understanding the differences in meaning between the following structures (the examples are from Line dictionary): Verb + Adj e.g: 走快了她会累。 Zŏu kuài le tā huì lĕi. ...
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2answers
60 views

Is it possible to combine 起来 and 住在?

I came across the following sentence: 这个房子住起来不舒服。 Zhège fángzi zhù qǐlái bu shūfú. This house seems uncomfortable to live. I think in this sentence, 起来 indicates an initial judgement, i.e. like in ...
2
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3answers
120 views

Which one is correct `是不是你想离开` or `你是不是想离开`?

I think it is correct to say 是不是想离开 to emphasize whether it is true that you want to leave. I wonder if I want to add 你, where should it be in the sentence? 是不是你想离开 or 你是不是想离开?
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2answers
504 views

Is there a difference in connotation between questions ending in 吗 vs. X 不 X

Is there any difference in connotation/region/modernity/etc. between questions ending in 吗 and affirmative/negative questions? For example, does: 你很累吗? connote something different than: 你累不累? And ...
2
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3answers
94 views

In ` 向谁说`, does `向` play the same role / have the same meaning as `对`?

I've read an article and found this sentence 傷痛向誰說 where 說 is right after an object. For example: 我对你说, due to 对, the word 说 needs to be right after the object 你. Is it due to 向 that 說 needs to be ...
4
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2answers
216 views

Does chinese songs have a natural word order?

In English, it is hard to rhyme. So writers sometimes resort to rather awkward sentence structures, just to get the song to rhyme. Recent example from Maroon Five: I'm at a payphone trying to call ...
3
votes
3answers
228 views

Why can objects be placed at the beginning of the sentence?

Often, I come across sentences like below, where the subject is missing and the object is placed instead. 证件带了吗? (Instead of 你带了证件吗?) I am wondering if there is a name to such grammatical structure, ...
2
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2answers
106 views

Do 和 and 跟 have different grammatical functions?

Thinking about the Difference between 与,和 and 跟?, I was wondering if it can be argued that 和 (hé) and 跟 (gēn) have different grammatical functions. I understand 和 corresponds in English to the ...
2
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1answer
73 views

When does 一会儿 go before / after the verb?

I have seen some sentences where 一会儿 (yīhuìr), meaning in a while / in a moment, is placed before the verb and in some others, after the verb. Is there some rule for deciding the position, are both ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Why 这么 / 那么 are placed before the action verb?

I have some confusion with the use of 这么 (this, so) and 那么 (that, so). I found these examples (from Pleco): 大家都这么说。 Dàjiā dōu zhème shuō. Everyone says this / so. 你不该那么做。 Nǐ bù gāi nàme zuò. You ...
0
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2answers
89 views

Which one is correct? 给我打电话/打电话给我

can you help me which one is correct and which one is wrong? 你给我打个电话 你给我打电话 你给我电话 你打给我个电话 你打给我电话 你打电话给我 Thank you.
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3answers
370 views

What is the subject of 其他的都很满意?

I found the following translated example: 除了没有电梯,其他的都很满意。 Chúle méiyǒu diàntī, qítā de dōu hěn mǎnyì. I am satisfied with everything except for there is no elevator. I have a question about the ...
2
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1answer
203 views

Use 我对你想说 or 我想说对你 to say: I want to talk/speak to you?

It seems like when there is the word 对 in the sentence, you need to move noun/verb to the end of the sentence, but I am not sure. So here is my question. I want to say I want to talk/speak to you. Is ...
3
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4answers
110 views

What is the function of 一次 in “去一次”?

I came across these translated examples: [Talking about a place]: 明年夏天我打算去一次。 Mínɡnián xiàtiān wǒ dǎsuàn qù yí cì。 I plan to go there next summer. 三年以前我去过上海,去年我又去了一次,明年我想再去一次。 Sān nián yǐqián wǒ ...
3
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3answers
121 views

了 vs 是…的 as “factuality markers”

I'm a proponent of 了 as 'factuality marker' (that is it has nothing to do with 'perfectivity or completness of action'. See post: How exactly do time and "tense" work in Mandarin REALLY? for ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Sentence construction with 除了, 被,一方面

I'm currently studying these sentence constructions and I tried to translate in the best way possible. in addition to the kitchen, the living room of this apartment is also very large.Only if the ...
2
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3answers
108 views

How do form “You can borrow the book once [it's returned / C returns it]” in Chinese?

A: Can I borrow your novel? (我可以借你的小说吗?) B: Sorry, I have already lent it to C. (对不起,我已经借给了C。) B (option a): You can borrow the book once it's returned; B (option b): You can borrow the book once C ...
2
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2answers
101 views

Do time range constructions as “从~至” and “从~到” have a different meaning without 从?

In the following sentence, the teacher said that, since there is no 从 at the beginning it means that not everyday 我 have exams. If there was a 从 it would mean that 我 would have exams everyday until 六 ...
5
votes
2answers
218 views

How to write and structure a modern professional follow-up email like a native Chinese speaker?

I'm interested in how the modern professional email structures differ between Chinese and English. I'd like to create a go-to template/structure that can convert what native English speakers ...
7
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3answers
245 views

Is the use of a conjunction between the second-last and last word in a list (A、B和C) a natural Chinese construction?

Is the use of a conjunction between the second-last and last word in a list a natural Chinese construction? Sometimes the construction feels like an Anglicism: I do not hear it in daily speech that ...
1
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6answers
103 views

Why is 的 at the end of phrases such as 那是他们的 and 钱他们的?

I'm confused with the possessive particle 的, it was explained to me as 's in English and "of" something. Like, Y的X becomes X of Y. 那是他们的。 他们的是那。 Here are two sentences that from that logic ...
14
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4answers
6k views

Why use 的 at the end of a sentence such as 我一定會去看他的?

I'm looking for confirmation of the way I'm parsing a sentence with 的 at the end, and I'd appreciate some background or other examples of this usage. I found this sentence on tatoeba.org: 我一定會去看他的。 I'...
3
votes
5answers
421 views

Must 怎么 be right after 你 in this sentence: 你怎么知道我的名字

When you ask someone his/her name, you can say: 你叫什么名字 什么 is not right after 你 but when you ask someone how he/she knows your name, you say: 你怎么知道我的名字 Must 怎么 be right after 你 in this sentence? Is ...
5
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5answers
2k views

Which do I use: 喜欢不喜欢 or 喜不喜欢?

I know that 喜不喜欢 and 喜欢不喜欢 have the same meaning, but in a sentence, which would look more appealing or make more sense in the sentence? In other words, which one is grammatically correct?
2
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3answers
58 views

Is my sentence 我本来要带你去的,但是我的车抛锚了 correct?

I am learning how to use 本来 in a sentence; we are supposed to fill in the sentence to make the conversation whole. The first sentence is the one I wrote using the 本来 and the second is already given: ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Why is 英语和汉语我都会说 correct and 我会说都英语和汉语 incorrect?

While studying today's lesson I came across this sentence: 英语和汉语我都会说。 The lesson also says that I cannot say: 我会说都英语和汉语。 I imagine it's because of 都, so if I omit it, would it be correct to say ...
3
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2answers
407 views

What are the rules surrounding word order when talking about time (e.g. are 八点钟我想吃早饭 or 我想今天吃早饭 okay)?

During my time learning Chinese, I've heard two distinct word orders when referencing the time at which something will occur. For example, I was taught to say 今天我想吃早饭 to talk about 今天, 明天, etc, but I ...
7
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11answers
2k views

What's wrong with this sentence 我终于快到中国了

It is from my correct-the-sentence exercise. 我终于快到中国了。 I asked a Chinese, he said that this sentence is understandable. In my opinion, "终于" seems redundant. If not, the original sentence ...
3
votes
7answers
530 views

How do you say “we only have one carrot left”?

I'm practicing sentence writing and want to say We only have one carrot left. Imagine looking in the cupboard, and seeing there is only one carrot (although lots of other vegetables). I'm fairly ...
5
votes
2answers
914 views

How would you say: “This is my family photo taken two years ago of my younger brother's 10th birthday party.”

I want to say This is a family photo taken two years ago of my younger brother's 10th birthday party. I think I can break it up in separate sentences, e.g. 这是我全家的合影,是两年前拍了。我弟弟的十岁生日的时候。 But is there ...
0
votes
4answers
140 views

How can 那本书找了很长时间也没找到 be corrected?

This sentence comes from my homework. 那本书找了很长时间也没找到. (1) What's wrong with this sentence? (2) How can this sentence be corrected?
2
votes
2answers
226 views

Reduplication of adverb in Adv. + V1 + Adv. + V2 structure…?

I was watching We Bare Bears on Netflix with Chinese subs and encountered this sentence: 请轻拿轻放 Which translated into “Please be careful (with this).” I wonder what structure/grammar it is. Could ...
1
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5answers
184 views

Where is the verb in reduplication of adjectives “Noun + Adj + Adj + 的”?

I understand the 的 from the structure: Adj + 的 Example: 高的。 as attaching the Adj to an omitted Noun. This omitted Noun can either be a general noun such as "one/s" (高的 can mean the tall ...
0
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3answers
74 views

How “Noun + Adj + Adj + 的” (reduplication of adjectives) is grammatically equivalent to “Noun + (Adv of degree) + Adj”? [duplicate]

This question is motivated from Why 的 in reduplication of adjectives "Noun + Adj + Adj + 的"?. In the answers, it was argued that the reduplication of adjectives structure: Noun + Adj + Adj +...
3
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1answer
100 views

How can I ask “which one is your favorite/do you like more”?

I want to ask "which one is your favorite?", like between A and B, which one do you like more. Can I say "哪一个你最喜欢?" or "哪个你更喜欢?"? Is there a better way to ask? At this ...
3
votes
4answers
90 views

Can you still use “Number + MW + 多” when the Number can be more than one MW larger?

I have a doubt related to these questions: Does 多 always come after the measure word?, How to correctly use "多" to say "more than"? In the answers, they explain you can give an ...
3
votes
3answers
112 views

Why is 很早 after the verb in 我起床很早?

I came across the following sentence: 今天我起床很早。 Jīntiān wǒ qǐchuáng hěn zǎo. Today I wake up very early. I am confused about 很早 appearing after the verb. I think here 很早 (very early) indicates the ...
4
votes
3answers
565 views

Can an adverb modify another adverb in Chinese?

I was wondering if an adverb in Chinese can be used to modify another adverb. I looked some resources but I could not find it. For example, in Adverb in resources.allsetlearning, they just say "...
1
vote
1answer
295 views

How do I ask “Can you wash your clothes at the hotel?”

I've recently come across this statement. 那你可以在宾馆洗. "Then you can wash them (clothes) at the hotel." I'd like to say, "Can you wash your clothes at the hotel?" But I can't figure out the ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Placement of duration complement 很长时间 before a negated verb 没看?

I found the following sentence: 我很长时间没看电影了。 Wǒ hěn cháng shíjiān méi kàn diànyǐngle. I haven't watched a movie in a very long time. I believe 很长时间 (very long time) is the duration of the action 没看 (...
7
votes
3answers
683 views

Why is 得 in 多得做不完?

My understanding of 的-地-得 is the same as what's here: 的-地-得, when do you use which? -- which is summarised as: “地” usually appears before the verb while “得” appears after the verb. However, I found a ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

What does 出马 mean in the below sentence?

这是我在做的一个课本练习: 用指定词语改述下列句子: 你还别不相信,他一到谁知道什么毛病。【出马】 我不知道这里怎么能用【出马】。下面这个句子是对的吗? 如果你不出马,他一到谁知道什么毛病。 而且我对这个部分不太理解:【你还别不相信】 是什么意思?【别+不】这个结合我不懂。 谢谢!
1
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2answers
96 views

In 有一只小鸟真可怜,它在树枝上冷得发抖 why is 有 at the start?

So I am studying this children´s story, and I can´t find a proper grammar explanation. 有一只小鸟真可怜,它在树枝上冷得发抖。 So here I assume 有 indicates the bird´s existence, however in every explanation about 有 ...
1
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2answers
83 views

他们俩的性格差不多,挺像双胞胎一样: Can we use 挺 in this manner?

I am trying to construct a sentence and I would like to know if this correct form of writing. 他们俩的性格差不多,挺像双胞胎一样. Is this sentence alright? Can we use 挺 in this manner?

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