Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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2answers
33 views

How to know “了…就” indicating completed actions

I just find out two circumstances that "了...就" construction is used. (1) 昨天,我买了书就回家。(Yesterday, after I had bought the book, I came back home) - COMPLETED ACTIONS (2) 我买了书就回家。(After buying the book, ...
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2answers
60 views

Putting 了 in both parts of separable verbs: is it mandatory?

My sentence is 我们八点已经开始上了课。 Can I put 了 at the end of sentence? Or is it mandatory to put between both parts of 上课 (a separable verb)?
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1answer
62 views

The meaning of 了 before and after Object of Consecutive Actions

I get confused about the meaning of 了 in the sentence describing consecutive actions. Can you guys explain the difference of meaning in two examples? 我坐飞机去了上海。 我坐飞机去上海了。 and 我来他家吃了饭。 我来他家吃饭了。 ...
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3answers
58 views

Is this sentence grammatically wrong? 我刚来了中国的时候,不会说中文。 我上大学了的时候,认识了我女朋友。

can anyone point out why this sentence is wrong? 我刚来了中国的时候,不会说中文。 我上大学了的时候,认识了我女朋友。 Thank you so much!
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2answers
74 views

Why is 这件衣服有点儿深颜色 grammatically wrong?

The correct sentence is 这件衣服颜色有点儿深. I do not understand that why 颜色 is not put right after 深. Please explain to me. Thank you so much.
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2answers
42 views

Expressing existence with 有: Are measure words compulsory?

I learn a new structure with 有. Place + 有 + Object I wonder if measure words are compulsory. I see everyone says: 我家有很多花。以前有一座桥。那个商店没有面包。 But nobody says: 我家有花。以前有桥。 So, are measure words ...
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2answers
35 views

Position of 在 电脑上 in “他常练习在电脑上用汉语写东西”

My Chinese text has this sentence. 他常练习在电脑上用汉语写东西. As I think, 在电脑上 indicates the "place" that all actions ("练习","用汉语写东西") take place. So what I do not understand is, why 在电脑上 (PLACE) is put ...
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2answers
34 views

Can I make statements with structure like “我这个“老外”这么喜欢看京剧”?

My textbook has this sentence. 我这个“老外”这么喜欢看京剧,老师当然感到很惊讶。 I notice it has a a bit different structure. 我这个“老外”这么喜欢看京剧 = I,a foreigner, really like watch Peking Opera = Subject + Subject ...
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2answers
120 views

Why does 在 turn up in 全班同学在老师公布考试时间之后都紧张了起来?

I have two sentences. 总经理(在)假期结束之后立刻开始了紧张的工作. 全班同学在老师公布考试时间之后都紧张了起来. The first sentence can eliminate 在. About the reason why 在 turns up, in my opinion, it can be the basic structure: Subject + ...
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1answer
35 views

Using 有 in comparing actions

I search for comparisons using 有 and this page says that. I have 2 questions. 1/ It is said that 有 comparison pattern is just used in questions, not statements. Is it true?If it is wrong, can I use 有 ...
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4answers
121 views

Why is 丢的东西 placed in the middle of 孩子们丢的东西都找到了?

I saw this sentence : 孩子们丢的东西都找到了 Why is the object (丢的东西) placed between the subject and the verb here???
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3answers
4k views

How to say: “I have been studying Chinese for 4 years.”

How can I most accurately say the simple sentence: I have been studying Chinese for 4 years. This is a very simple phrase, and I am surprised at myself for not being confident in which one of the ...
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2answers
144 views

Function of 开了 in 我开车开了半天了

I am currently studying Basic Mandarin Chinese by Cornelius C. Kubler and encountered the following sentence in Unit 8 Part 4: 我开车开了半天了,我们换个人开,行不行? Without 开了 the first part of sentence makes ...
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5answers
114 views

了 with two verbs: What's the difference between 我去厨房找了饮料喝 and 我去了厨房找饮料喝?

In one of my stories I wrote: 我去了厨房找饮料喝。 A student at Nankai changed this to: 我去厨房找了饮料喝。 Question: What's the difference between 我去厨房找了饮料喝 and 我去了厨房找饮料喝? I just want to say something like "I ...
3
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3answers
575 views

Question words at the end or beginning? (e.g. “Nide baba shi shei?”)

So far, question words in Chinese have always appeared at the end. But with "shei" I saw sentences like Shei shi nide baba? So can it be used at the start or end of a sentence? Can we say ...
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1answer
246 views

How do you say “Where is Beijing?”

In Chinese will we say, "Beijing zai nār/nali?". Because I just learned to say, "Lundun zai Ying Guo." Plus, "Where is your home?" is, "Nide jia zai nar?" So using these rules, is it acceptable? ...
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2answers
101 views

Is it more natural to express “0” with a negative form?

In English you could use two forms when expressing a sentence that has a plural form with a value of "0". For example: You have 2 unread messages. Could be either: You have 0 unread messages. Or ...
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3answers
90 views

Could anyone help me check my grammar in sentence

请多多指教 😢 I'm just a beginner 这是谁的手机不知道呢 你想吃什么随便呢 我想发电子邮件向妈妈 请在这里等我 我有急事,请您接替我的职位,可以吗? 我想我的行李箱忘在出租车上了 云岘宫是韩国名胜古迹之一 你专心学习,当然不会考不及格的 她不知道怎样使用提款机 上次他们问了我没回应 要是我有一百万,我要买汽车给父母 请等他一会儿 妈妈希望我成功 我们要万事如意 ...
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5answers
207 views

What's the structure of this word / sentence? 搬进、走出、跑回

What's the structure of these words? 搬进、走出、跑回...... I think both 搬 and 进 can be verbs but when used together, it means 'move in'. What's the relationship between the two characters in phrases like ...
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3answers
130 views

How do I properly place each character in “in which country do you eat dinner?”

I am trying to figure out how to write "In which country do you eat dinner?" I know I need 你 (you), 哪 (which(which is my vocabulary word)), 个 (measure word), 国 (country), 吃 (eat), and 晚饭 (dinner). ...
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8answers
2k views

Is the sentence 昨天把我吃得站不起来了 correct?

I came across this example use of 把 in the sentence structure "把 + Object + Verb + 得 complement": 昨天把我吃得站不起来了 I've gotten some feedback that this sentence is not correct. It's used as an example ...
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2answers
111 views

What grammar structure does …在这份评估单上打分… use?

There's this line in the story I read : “如果你能帮我们一个忙,试用我们的产品,并且,在这份评估单上打分,我们会再送你一瓶,以示感谢。” How is : 在 + 这 + 份 + 评估 + 单 + 上 + 打分 Translated as : "fill the test report" / "rate this evaluation form" ...
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4answers
280 views

What is the subject in 有时间到我家去

There is this sentence in a dialog from my beginner text book: 好,我走了,有时间到我家去。再见! I understand the translation: Well, I'm going, if you have time, come to my home. Goodbye. However, though I ...
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2answers
89 views

How does work ergative structure and how often is it used?

I want to know how works the ergative structure and if it's often used or not and please could you give some examples like 院子 里 停着 车。 Literal: Courtyard-in park vehicle. Translation: In the courtyard ...
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1answer
56 views

How does work the chinese adjectives?

I'd like to know how work the chinese adjectives, because i was searching on the internet about this, but i wasn't able to understand the use of 的 and if any noun can become a adjective, if yes is it ...
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2answers
93 views

Expressing “Both A .. and B”

I came across the following sentence: 我既是一个语言的从教者,也是一个语言学习的爱好者。 I understand that "既 A , 也 B" is a sentence structure for expressing "both .. and ..". I was wondering about what effect 既 has on ...
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3answers
205 views

How do i know how to use the 为?

I want to know how to use the 为, because there are cases where we dont translate it and it gets it harder so i'd like like to know the uses and effects this one provoke in the sentence.
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2answers
93 views

Does each measure word have a specific way to use?

I'd like to know if there are specific ways to use each measure word or all can be use freely.
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1answer
138 views

Can I take this sign(一) out of these words 一丝不苟 and "不屑一顾 or no?

I'd like to know if that's optional take or not this sign, because i'm known that a few idioms are used to have this sign, thus i want to know why do they use this and how does it affect the sentence ?...
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4answers
156 views

What does 一个赛一个不讲理的 mean? Does the 的 determine its meaning?

一个赛一个不讲理的 Does it mean 'one competition, one unreasonable' or 'one is more unreasonable than the one before'? Does the word '的' important in sentence like this?
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3answers
205 views

Why is the meaning of 不是要求以小组为单位做报告吗?? (…以…为…)

不是要求以小组为单位做报告吗? Context: a conversation about an economics class in high school. The Chinese Grammar Wiki says "以 A 为 B" means "using/taking A as B", but it still doesn't make sense to me.
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5answers
484 views

What is 和 used for in 和西方人过圣诞节差不多,这是一个全家团聚的节日?

I know how to use 和 to link one or more nouns or noun phrases, but in this sentence I don't understand what purpose does it serve at the beginning of the sentence? 和西方人过圣诞节差不多,这是一个全家团聚的节日。 (This ...
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2answers
99 views

Help me rephrase: 相比看到子女长大成家,没有其他可以更让他们感觉放心的了

Reading the sentence below out loud felt extremely awkward, however I can't figure which part is improperly constructed to begin fixing the sentence. 相比看到子女长大成家,没有其他可以更让他们感觉放心的了。 I want to express ...
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5answers
715 views

What is the structure of 我吃饭的时候看了一本书?

The sentence 我吃饭的时候看了一本书。 apparently has two verbs (吃 and 看), but I can’t see how the two actions are correlated. Could anyone explain that?
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2answers
251 views

How to fill in the blanks in 两个队的分数_都很_近?

两个队的分数_都很_近. The spaces are where words/phrases are supposed to go. Are there such words that fit in these spaces? I've been going through Google trying to find similar sentence structures but to no ...
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6answers
151 views

上的: What is it function in 中国历史学上的夏、商、周属于考古学上的青铜时代?

In the following sentence, what does 上的 mean? 中国历史学上的夏、商、周属于考古学上的青铜时代。 I translated it as "Archaeologists know the Xia, Shang and Zhou collectively as the Bronze Age." I think I have the gist of ...
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2answers
85 views

How do form “You can borrow the book once [it's returned / C returns in]” in Chinese?

A: Can I borrow your novel? (我可以借你的小说吗?) B: Sorry, I have already lent it to C. (对不起,我已经借给了C。) B (option a): You can borrow the book once it's returned; B (option b): You can borrow the book ...
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2answers
157 views

Why is 的 used in 你想要什么喝的吗?

你想要什么喝的吗? I've seen 的 used after a verb like this in other sentences. The only thing I could find about 的 after a verb was when it's used with 是.
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1answer
140 views

What is the role of 在 in 您要在关闭文件前保存吗?

I was using a text editor in Chinese, when I tried to exit without saving the currently opened file it showed me this sentence: 您要在关闭文件前保存吗? What is the role of 在 here? Is it related to the usage ...
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1answer
129 views

Is there something about 是在 that is meaningful in 让任意的值是在一个上下文当中?

I was reading this article when I came across this: 让任意的值是在一个上下文当中. 现在的情况你可以想象一个可以把值放进去的盒子 Because of the English version, I know that this is saying: Let an arbitrary value be in a context. ...
4
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3answers
1k views

How to use 弄 in a sentence?

On some of my Chinese school worksheets, we're supposed to use "弄" in the following sentences: Don't make the child cry. Loosen the belt. There is one more problem that has yet to be clarified. I'...
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4answers
441 views

Does 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 use the 以…为 grammar construct?

I read this sentence in the book 游子吟: 神的存在是一个不以人们的主观意志为转移的客观事实 I'm unclear about what "以" and "为" are doing here. I Googled to see if "以...为" is a common construct; this page says that you can say ...
3
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3answers
51 views

Purpose of 要's location in 今天晚上老板要和我们一起加班。

今天晚上老板要和我们一起加班。 What purpose does 要 have here (in this specific location)? I thought it would be; 今天晚上老板和我们一起要加班。 I know 要 also means 'to do smth' so I get why it's needed, but why in that ...
1
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1answer
89 views

How to use 都 and 也 together?

How can I use 都 and 也 together? For example if I want to say; Both of us also think that you like her. How will I go about it? I know you can say (colloquially) 俩 but you still need 都 afterwords. ...
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3answers
37 views

Are both 我家 and 我的 okay in 下班以后我去你家或者你来[我家/我的],都可以?

In the this sentence, 下班以后我去你家或者你来我家,都可以。 Can I change it to; 下班以后我去你家或者你来我的,都可以。 Can I do this every time? If the context is clear then can I just say (sth.) 的? Also does the second ...
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3answers
73 views

Is 昨天我有过敏反应了, 所以,现在我不吃西瓜了 grammatical?

昨天我有过敏反应了, 所以,现在我不吃西瓜了。 I asked whether this sounded unnatural or not and was voted as 'a little unnatural'. And was answered with this; 昨天我吃完西瓜有过敏反应、所以我现在不吃西瓜了。 Is the first form acceptable ...
3
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4answers
650 views

是 does not connect two nouns in “有什么事是我该做的吗?”

有什么事是我该做的吗? Is there anything I should do? I realize this is a strange sentence, per the discussion in this question about the same sentence. However I want some clarifications about the existing ...
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4answers
122 views

Can “City of students” be translated to “Da xue sheng cheng shi”?

I am student of chinese language, level 1 and I will have to make a presentation about my city. I would truly appreciate your help. The title is "City of students". Could it be translated to "Da xue ...
1
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1answer
57 views

When to Add 了 in the 太…了 Structure

The grammar structure for expressing too much is 太.....了according to my grammar book. And to express anymore... Eg. I don't like you anymore. I don't live there anymore. ...You also use 了 at ...
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2answers
38 views

How to properly Translate the “在目标为。。。时使用.” sentence pattern

I just started work on a new translation project for a client –– translating a Chinese document that talks about conflict resolution strategies. The original author really likes to use this particular ...