Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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69 views

What is the function of 的 in the sentence below?

在有形的以太 It should mean "here in tangible ether" but I don't understand the function of 的. Can't I say the exact same thing writing it like that: 在有形以太 ?
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Why is the object placed in the middle of the sentence here?

I saw this sentence : 孩子们丢的东西都找到了 Why is the object (丢的东西) placed between the subject and the verb here???
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How do Chinese people say it when they are proud of someone?

This is not a question about the literal translation of the sentence: "I'm proud that you are my dad." The question itself is more like: what do Chinese people say when they want to express their ...
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What's the function of 让 here?

I read this sentence today : 你想让我给你打电话吗? Translated as : "Do you want me to call you?" My question is : What is the function of 让 here? I have read that 让 can be used to form causative sentences ...
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2answers
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Difference in meaning based on position of modal verb

Here's a child's essay [1]: 今天是元宵节,妈妈说,在滨江公园有猜灯谜的活动。她还说,看花灯、猜灯谜、还有吃汤圆是元宵节的民俗。 晚上七点半,我和妈妈还有亲戚一起来到滨江公园,人真多,非常热闹!那里没有猜灯谜,我好失望。但是我们放了烟花,还放了孔明灯和河灯,真是太有趣了! 我觉得最有意思的是放孔明灯。我先在上面写了“希望我学习100分”,...
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Is `方法是通过xxx` a correct sentence? i.e. 中文中,介宾结构能作为名词(宾语)使用吗

The phrase often appears in english-chinese translation. For example: If you want to become a better photographer, the only way is through repetition. 如果您想成为一名较好的摄影师,惟一的方法是通过反复练习。 The ...
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在。。。中 / 在。。。下 / 在。。。上

It is probably quite likely that someone has asked this question before, however the search function doesn't throw anything up and it is actually quite difficult to search for! Simply put, I have ...
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Why is my translation different from theirs?

So, I was was reading something and they provided me a translation. Here's the first one: 我不想要你因为我变得消极 I won't want you to become pessimistic because of me. Why didn't it translate to "I don't ...
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3answers
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Why is 又…又 structure used to connect verbs here?

I found this example sentence on YellowBridge : 那对恋人在沙发上又是接吻又是搂抱。 Why is the 又…又 structure used with verbs (both kissed and cuddled) here? As far as I know, that structure is usually used to ...
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What is the purpose of 一切信息 in this sentence?

Example sentence, from 青少年科学百科全书 (第一章:声音) 各种各样的声音能够使我们了解来自内部身体和外部世界发生的一切信息。 I've translated this as: Various sounds can enable our understanding of events in the human body and the outside ...
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can someone help me edit this essay about u.s. vs. china: college admissions

美国和中国的大学入˛取最重要地部分之一是标准化考试。尽管标准化考试在美国非常重要,但在中国更多。美国有两个标准化的测试选项。你可以选择采取任何你喜欢的考试。这两个考试遵循不同的规则,并基于不同的主题。对于那些喜欢英语和阅读的人来说,S.A.T.更好。对于那些喜欢数学和科学的人,他们会更喜欢A.C.T.。一些大学是可选的测试,所以学生甚至可能不需要参加考试。这个测试的学习时间平均为一年。...
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Are we allowed to omit 在 in 在…里,在…内 structure?

Based on an online dictionary : 在…里,在…内 : Inside or not further than an area or period of time And here are some examples (provided by the dictionary) of how 在…里 or 在…内 is used : Two ...
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132 views

Asking close friends what they like as souvenirs/gifts

I want to ask close friends (both in Cantonese and Mandarin) what they'd like for souvenirs. “What/do you like anything from (Japan)?” How do I say this in both languages? Thanks
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360 views

Question words at the end or beginning? Shei (very confusing)

So far, question words in Chinese have always appeared at the end.. but with "shei" I saw sentences like "Shei shi nide baba?" So it can be used at the start or end of a sentence? We could say, "Nide ...
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78 views

is there a way to know which words are grouped?

sample sentence: 在这个项目的研究上 the words that could be ambiguous are 项目: the project 目的: the goal, purpose, aim, intent how can this be resolved?
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276 views

Under what circumstances can you use 又…又…?

Can you only use 又 with adjectives, or can you also use it with verbs, verb phrases, and nouns? I want to say, "Summer this year is rainy and cloudy.", so I wrote, “今年夏天是又雨天又云天。” Is this correct, or ...
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1answer
37 views

How to translate “note:” into Chinese?

How is the word "note:" translated into Chinese within the following example? -Example- Summary of Findings Finding 1 Finding 2 Finding 3 Note: these findings were based on a first draft and may ...
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How does 一面向 break down in 她一面走着,一面向旁边张望着?

This is from the children's book 七色花: 她一面走着,一面向旁边张望着,念着招牌上的字,... As she walked, she looked sideways and read the words on the signboard ... [Google Translate] I'm wondering how 一面向 breaks ...
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Are independent and dependent clauses reversible?

In English a phrase such as “Call me when you get home” can be reversed into “When you get home, call me.” Is this also possible in Chinese? I tried to answer the question myself, but I could only ...
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203 views

The meaning of 是…的 in 有什么事是我该做的吗

I am a total noob when it comes to Chinese, so sorry if this is a dumb question. Recently I started using an Anki deck called SpoonFedChinese to study Chinese. Today I came across the following ...
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Where are you? What are you doing?

So I translated it like: "Ni zai nar? Ni zuo shenme?" But I found "Ni zai zuo shenme?" online... How is it zai zuo (in + to do)??? And is it correct if I just say zuo (to do)?? Does it express the ...
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What does the second "幅” mean in the following sentence?

...真是一幅"幅"美丽的山水画... VS ...真是一幅美丽的山水画... I am having some problems figuring out why there is a second ”幅” in the sentence and what it means? If I took out the second "幅” what would the meaning then be ...
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1answer
32 views

How do form this sentence “I want (object) to (verb/be) that…” in Chinese?

I want (object) to (verb/be) that... For examples : I want you to know that you are not alone anymore I want her to be my wife I want my brother to help me with my homework I want you to be mine ...
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1answer
184 views

How do you say “Where is Beijing?”

In Chinese will we say, "Beijing zai nār/nali?". Because I just learned to say, "Lundun zai Ying Guo." Plus, "Where is your home?" is, "Nide jia zai nar?" So using these rules, is it acceptable? ...
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“Aren't you both also Americans” in Chinese ?

Nǐmen dōu ye bù shì měi guó rén ma? Is it correct? I am comfortable with this word order. Is it acceptable?
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559 views

Why does 考 precede 中文 in 我下个星期要考中文?

In my Chinese textbook, for a dialogue, one of the lines says "我下个星期要考中文". Why is 中文 after 考, shouldn't the sentence be "我下个星期要中文的考"?
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Can I use 在 with 一边… 一边?

我一边吃饭,一边做作业 I do homework while eating 我一边在吃饭,一边在做作业 I'm doing homework while eating Is the second sentence correct? Can I use 在 or does 一边...一边 already imply that the action I'm talking about ...
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171 views

Does Chinese have any structure similar with this Japanese term?

I would like to say beforehand that my question requires someone who knows Japanese language to answer it, because the sentence that I need an answer to is a Japanese one. Let me explain first what I’...
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4answers
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Is this email correct grammatically and structurally?

Recently I have tried to become more proficient in writing emails in Chinese. The structure for these are difficult, I have provided an example of a email I recently wrote. Is this correct ...
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396 views

Sentence structure when talking about time

During my time learning Chinese, I've heard two distinct word orders when referencing the time at which something will occur. For example, I was taught to say 今天我想吃早饭 to talk about 今天, 明天, etc, but I ...
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47 views

Using those characters only/with out adding, replacing, or removing is my sentence structure and grammar correct?

Can someone please help me? I suck at forming sentences in Chinese. I know if I practice I would get better but I have no one to check if my sentence structure is correct. Hopefully, it is! 一)...
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Whom did this happen to? 发生 and friends in sentence

Beginning of an article on qiushibaike.com: 这是一件发生在楼主身上的糗事,事情是这样的: ... (the story is explained) My initial semi-literal translation: This embarrassing story happened to the OP (original poster) ...
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1answer
60 views

Curious structure with 的 in conversation

Above is an exchange taken from qiushibaike.com. As far as I can understand, it goes like this (trying to keep translation literal for example's sake): Son: Mom, our teacher's a liar! Mom: Why ...
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Understanding the structure, '又什么…' and '又没什么…'

From what I know (correction would be appreciated), '又什么...' is often used in rhetorical questions, for example: 又什么麻烦 : what's troublesome about... (it's not troublesome) 又什么不满意 : What's there to ...
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Understanding a line from a song: ‘沾染魔法的乖张气息 却又在爱里曲折’

The below is the partial lyrics of <童话镇>. 总有一条蜿蜒在童话镇里七彩的河 沾染魔法的乖张气息 却又在爱里曲折 川流不息扬起水花 又卷入一帘时光入水 让所有很久很久以前 都走到幸福结局的时刻 The problematic line is this one: 沾染魔法的乖张气息 却又在爱里曲折 It's difficult for me ...
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1answer
57 views

What's the translation of 这是瘤売肉?

I'm a Chinese Novel translator and and I'm sort of having problems translating this: 这是瘤売肉。
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How to use a question word in a statement that isn't a question?

I've been having trouble constructing statements containing question words. For example: If you have a friend who can speak English Most translation software writes this as. 如果你有一个能讲英语的朋友 ...
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Why can't 去 or 回来 be used with 在 or 正在 to become progressive

So first off, I feel I should specify I am a beginner at Chinese. In my Chinese class, we were asked to write down a progressive question, using the 在...(呢) format. My question was, 你们没在去吗? which I ...
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274 views

Grammar behind “你的脑子进水了”。

What's the grammar behind the sentence 你的脑子进水了? Because 你的脑子 here is the object into which 水 the subject entered, right? Shouldnt it be the other way round then? I am a bit confused. For example "I ...
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3answers
737 views

Asking Someone How Their Chinese Studies Are Going

I have a friend who has started learning Mandarin, and I want to ask them how their Mandarin studies are going. The first phrase that comes to mind is this: 你中文学习得怎么样? I'm not sure, however, if 怎么样 ...
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I have problems analyzing the constituents of the following sentence: 德国人不习惯他们旁边围满了人

I cannot understand in this sentence the various functions of the components. 德国人不习惯他们旁边围满了人 I understood the meaning ("Germans are not used to be surrounded by a lot of people", non-literally) but ...
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1answer
98 views

When is a degree required? or: hai6 vs hou2 vs gei

I am trying to learn Cantonese. I want to be able to say (speak, not write) after a meal: I am full. Which I could translate directory to: Ngo5 hai6 baau2 But, my local (student in HK) ...
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100 views

How could I correctly say “I moved here when I was eight years old”? [closed]

I am working on a self-introduction, and say where I was born. How could I correctly say that I moved house when I was 8 years old?
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Would it be correct to use “它” in a sentence like this “它在外面下雪了.”?

Just as the title says, would it be correct to use “它” in a sentence like this "它在外面下雪了." or I could just say "在外面下雪了"?
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3answers
451 views

What is the use of 的是?

I have this sentence: "我觉得奇怪的是", which translates to "I feel weird". But wouldn't "我觉得奇怪" suffice? What is "的是" supposed to do in this sentence? From my research, the best conclusion I came up with ...
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2answers
185 views

Can “ 天空一片蔚藍 ” also be “一片蔚藍天空”? And translation please?

Can " 天空一片蔚藍 " also be "一片蔚藍天空"? And what's the reason? Could "天空是一片蔚藍" be correct too? Also can someone give a good translation? I just translate it as "An azure blue sky". I might be over ...
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3answers
494 views

Clarification on 得 usage

My understanding of 的-地-得 is the same as what's here: 的-地-得, when do you use which? -- which is summarised as: “地” usually appears before the verb while “得” appears after the verb. However, I found a ...
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1answer
162 views

Explanation of location 一般

My question is regarding the following sentence. 第一印象一般很难改变。 I can currently not figure out why based on the grammar 一般 is placed at the position it is in the sentence above. Could anybody shortly ...
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1answer
26 views

How to say “Because it was predicted that the typhoon would pass over PLACE-X on DATE-Y”?

How to say Because it was predicted that the typhoon would pass over PLACE-X on DATE-Y? A probably very problematic translation could be: 因為預計DATE-Y颱風來PLACE-X In particular, I would like to ask if ...
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2answers
260 views

Where to put location words in a sentence

I recently started learning Chinese and was reading up on the structure of sentences here: https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/grammar/Chinese_word_order#...