Questions tagged [synonyms]

Questions about two or more expressions with a similar meaning.

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1
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3answers
112 views

What is the counterpart of self-respect in Chinese?

I think "self-confidence" and "self-esteem" are universal concepts. For example "self-confidence" is 自信 and they basically have the same meaning, the same goes to "...
3
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2answers
946 views

Difference of 青 and 黑

My dictionary tells 青 can mean black. My questions are: Is 青 generally used to mean black? In other words, is it always ambiguous to some extent whether it means blue or black? When it means black, ...
0
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3answers
78 views

In 中国实行独立自主的和平外交政策, why is 实行 correct and 执行 incorrect?

中国实行独立自主的和平外交政策。 ✓ 中国执行独立自主的和平外交政策。 ✗ 杨寄洲 et al.,1700对近义词语用法对比, p.1514 (original) The above example comes from a reference book which describes the differences and similarities between Chinese ...
5
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1answer
3k views

What is the difference between 比如 and 例如

I know both can mean "for example/such as/for instance". They are most likely synonyms but even synonyms have slight subtle differences in precise meaning and usage. I know that 例 can be used alone: (...
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2answers
97 views

Comparison of 稻 with 米饭, 白饭 or even 米 and 饭 individually

I just stumbled on 稻, and can't find more context, comparing it with other ways of calling rice. The main difference seems to be it is often used as part of "rice paddies" (稻田). But other ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Contranyms in the Chinese language

Some words in the English language are called 'contranyms', where depending on the context, the same word can have very opposite meanings. For example: leave - to go away from a certain place, but ...
0
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2answers
64 views

What is the difference between 留, 住 and 呆. They all mean to stay or live. Are they interchangeable?

What is the difference between 留, 住 and 呆. They all mean to stay or live. Are they interchangeable ?
1
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1answer
130 views

Ways to say "I love you" other than 我爱你

Are there any other ways to say "I love you" other than 我爱你? It can't be that people say "I love you" only to their lovers. How do you say you love your friends or family that you ...
0
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3answers
275 views

Difference between 借 and 贷

Both can either mean "to borrow" or "to lend". I know you can combine both of them "借贷" to mean "debit and credit". But what are the differences in usage and semantics between those two words. They ...
29
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5answers
20k views

中文 vs. 汉语: What's the difference?

Apparently, both of these mean Chinese, and the Chinese language. I gather that 中文 is maybe more like "written Chinese," and 汉语 is "spoken Chinese." Is this correct? I've often looked at BBC zhongwen,...
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8answers
10k views

Difference between 如果 and 要是?

In the Pimsleur Mandarin course it uses 如果 (rúguǒ) to mean 'if', but the dictionary shows 要是 (yàoshì) to have a similar meaning: 如果: if; in case; in the event that 要是: if Are there any ...
3
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1answer
129 views

如果 synonyms for semi-formal written

I can see from this post that in speaking 要是 is a good alternative. However I am preparing for the 80 hanzi text required in HSK 5 and I feel like regardless of topic, I am over-using 如果. My current ...
8
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7answers
8k views

What's the most usual way to say "hand sanitizer" in Chinese?

I'm finding in the non-touristy places in China where I'm spending my time in cheaper places etc that there's often no place to wash your hands, or it's dirty, or there's no soap. I've been ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Attack them when they are unready, take them by surprise : 这个成语有多少方法可以说?

Could you please let me know which of these sound right and why the other ones sound wrong? I'm not sure about the difference between 不 and 无. 出其不意,攻其不备 攻其不备,出其不意 攻其无备,出其无意 攻其不备,出其无意 攻其无备,出其不意 都可以用吗
55
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9answers
11k views

What is the difference between 做 and 作?

做 and 作 are both translated as "to do" or "to make." How can I tell when I should use one or the other?
5
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2answers
229 views

Difference among these terms for student clubs: 队、团、俱乐部、社和兴趣小组?

In regards to their meanings as "student clubs" (at school), are there any differences in the following words: 队、团、俱乐部、社和兴趣小组? For me, I personally find 队 to mean clubs having to do with ...
2
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2answers
530 views

How do I translate the words “player” and “team” into Mandarin?

I have noticed there is a large number of words that translate as “player” and “team”. I've been trying to decipher those and so far it seems that: 玩家 wánjiā, 玩者 wánzhě – those two mean a player ...
1
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2answers
450 views

What is the difference between 星期日 and 周日? [duplicate]

I know the definition of both of these words are Sunday but in what context are they used?
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3answers
1k views

What's the difference between 周 and 星期? [duplicate]

From a dictionary lookup, it seems that both 周 and 星期 can mean "a week"—is there any difference in usage?
19
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7answers
7k views

What's the difference between 星期X and 周X?

When accepting an answer, I noticed that the example used the word 周三 for Wednesday, but in my grammar, the days of the week are 星期一, 星期二, etc... They seem both correct but, what's the difference? ...
5
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6answers
2k views

How to say "obscene": translate 下流 or 輕佻?

I want to describe people wearing clothing as totally indecent and obscene, for instance because the clothing doesn’t remotely cover the buttocks. I am not talking about ordinary mini skirts or hot ...
5
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2answers
305 views

Word pairs like 嫉妒/忌妒 with similar pronunciations and meanings - examples and discussion please

I was thinking about how slight changes in pronunciation are reflected in writing. As a case in point, here are two examples of words whose pronunciations are different, but similar, and whose ...
2
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1answer
998 views

Differences between 记得 and 记住

Google obviously doesn't help, both recorded as remember / recall except 记得 as bring to mind and 记住 as bear in mind. Found a blog post that is confusing with some claiming 记得 is more about having done ...
0
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1answer
81 views

Modern Standard Mandarin equivalent of the 倒...不... and 半...不... constructs?

I've seen this mostly as dialect usage, but I'm wondering if there's a Modern Standard Mandarin (MSM) equivalent. 倒...不... - (seemingly) neither A nor B 倒男不女 倒文不武 倒明不白 半...不... - (seemingly) half A ...
4
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3answers
243 views

霹雳与雷霆有什么分别?(What's the difference between 霹雳 and 雷霆?)

except for their other uses, such as 霹雳舞(breakdance) and their respective 成语, are they considered synonyms? they're both translated as 霹雳: thunderbolt 雷霆: thunderbolt 空中雷霆一响,就把孩子吓哭了 = The thunderbolt ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

To make friends: 交朋友 vs 认识朋友?

I have come across some sentences where both 认识朋友 and 交朋友 were translated as to make friends (even though typically 认识 is translated in English as to know). Is there a difference between them? ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Difference between 各 and 每?

I'm used to using 每 for every. However, 各 came up one day and appears to me to have the exactly same meaning. Is there a contextual difference between the two that I am missing or can they be swapped ...
2
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2answers
67 views

播出,廣播,轉播 :哪裡不一樣?

So I'm studying the translation for broadcasting and three terms (well, excluding one, which I'll mention at the end) are given to me by a textbook. They are 播出, 廣播 and 轉播. For the life of me I ...
2
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1answer
864 views

What is the difference between 看法 and 想法?

Both can mean "view/idea/opinion". For example, I can say: 对这个问题有两种不同的看法 (there are two different view on this question) Would it be reasonable to replace "看法" with "想法"?
3
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2answers
327 views

姐 vs 姊, etymology, and their English equivalences

Sometimes 姐 and 姊 are interchangeable, sometimes 姐 and 姊 have different meanings. Can we summarize their usages? What is their etymology? And can we find their English equivalences? It looks that ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Are there any differences between these Chinese terms for "French fries" / (hot) "chips"?

I just felt like some French fries for the first time since I've been in China so I bought some from a Dico's here in Zhangjiakou. I ordered by pointing at the menu becuase I'm just beginning at ...
3
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7answers
796 views

Difference between 谦虚 and 虚心?

In my Chinese textbook, 谦虚好学 is used, and 虚心求教 is used as well. They both mean modest, so when should I use each one?
37
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9answers
9k views

What is the difference between 狗 and 犬?

狗 (gǒu) and 犬 (quǎn) both mean "dog" and both seem relatively common, but is there any difference between them? When should I use one and when should I use the other?
9
votes
2answers
556 views

Different nuances of words such as 进行, 实施, 执行, etc

Chinese has a number of words with meanings like 'implement, execute, carry out', etc. These include 进行, 实行, 实施, 行使, 落实, 执行, and possibly a few others. These words are commonly used in bureaucratic, ...
12
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3answers
462 views

Difference between 生前 and 死前

Literally, 死前 means before death while 生前 means before life. They seem to bear the opposite meaning. However, in most cases, they actually mean the same thing, i.e., when someone was still alive. What'...
0
votes
1answer
564 views

What is the difference between 保持, 维持 and 维护?

I know you can say 维持治安, but not ie. 保持治安, yet other examples seem to be very similar in terms of use—is that a collocation issue or different meaning? Sources so far: https://hinative.com/zh-CN/...
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6answers
6k views

What is the Difference Between 方法 and 办法?

Both have comparable definitions of "method", "manner", "means", etc. and describe or define a way of doing something. The phrase 没(有)办法 is often used to deflect responsibility by claiming ...
3
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8answers
2k views

Difference Between 计算机 and 电脑

What's the difference between 计算机 and 电脑?Does the meaning differ between regions?
8
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5answers
8k views

表达 vs. 表现 vs. 表示 vs. 显示

These four words all express (get it, because they all mean express ha ha ha) similar meanings: to express/show/display/manifest/demonstrate/convey/indicate etc. I'm sure there are subtle differences ...
4
votes
1answer
429 views

Are 中国 and 中华 synonyms?

For example, Chinese Taipei can be translated either as 中国台北 or 中华台北。Are 中国 and 中华 synonyms? If there is any differnce between 中国 and 中华,how to reflect the difference in English translation?
2
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1answer
96 views

What is the difference (and english translation) between 风浪 and 涌浪?

As far as I can tell, 风浪 is waves created by wind, and 涌浪 would be waves created by tidal movements or surge waves. However, this is a very bulky way to describe them. What is the English for this ...
3
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4answers
206 views

Difference between 沒轍, 莫可奈何,沒辦法

Can anyone help me with any differences between those words? C-E dictionaries say "there's no way out" or "nothing can be done" for all of them, C-C dictionaries say about the same. However, I was ...
18
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5answers
8k views

Confusion about bian 邊 and miàn 面

I'm having a little trouble with learning directions and positions. It seems that most often the word bian is being used to indicate a position: front side 前邊, back side 後邊, etc. But then I see stuff ...
3
votes
3answers
477 views

The differences between 生日 and 生辰

Recently, I have come across people giving birthday wishes to others using the word 生辰 instead of 生日. I looked up some online dictionary/translation tools and it turns out 生辰 also means birthday. So ...
2
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1answer
174 views

How to deal with elasticity/flexibility in HSK vocabulary? [closed]

I'll be concise for those knowledgeable, and refer to brief and basic bibliography for those who are not. The Chinese elasticity/flexibility is a lexical property of Chinese terms, two sides of the ...
4
votes
2answers
382 views

What is the difference between 人才 and 人材, and which should I use?

Are they truly identical? If so, which is more commonly used and/or considered the default/standard/preferred usage (versus an alternate variant)? Elsewhere I've found conflicting answers (that they ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Can 岁数, 年纪 and 年龄 be used interchangeably?

I have learnt several words that can be used to talk about a person's age, namely 岁数, 年纪 and 年龄. I have found phrases and example sentences such as the following: 随便问别人的年龄是不礼貌的。 你父亲多大年纪了? 您多大岁数了? ...
12
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4answers
1k views

Difference between 同一 and 一样

I would like to know when to use 同一 and when to use 一样 when describing items or people as similar? What is the difference in usage between these two phrases?
2
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the differences between 锻炼 and 运动 for "exercise", "work out", "train", etc?

When I want to say "working out", "exercising", or "training" in Chinese, I come across these two words: 锻炼 运动 What are the similarities and differences between these two words and their English ...
10
votes
4answers
469 views

What's the relationship between 炮 and 砲?

炮 and 砲 both mean "cannon", but it seems the former is much more common, and the latter only really seen in Xiangqi. Is there a difference in meaning? For example, on wikipedia it is said that 砲 ...