Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about technical or specialized words in fields like IT, politics, sports, etc.

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339 views

How can I say “grade on a curve”?

The Future for Chinese/English Dictionaries mentioned that MDBG doesn't have "grading on a curve", and it seems that it's still rather hard to find a translation for this. A rather literal ...
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3answers
124 views

What kind of pen/brush do 水笔 and 签名笔 refer to?

I was casually browsing Chinese artist blog, and the artist states that he/she uses 圆珠笔 签名笔 and 水笔 as medium for art. I know what a ballpoint pen is. However, I am not sure what kind of pen is 签名笔. ...
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1answer
138 views

What is the style called where we draw characters without lifting the brush?

Consider this artistic rendering of the 福 (fú, happiness) character: Four characteristics stand out: The stroke thickness is constant (like in seal script, 篆书). The brush is never lifted (pushing to ...
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296 views

How to translate “build server” (software terminology)

The definition of "to build", in software, is: the process of converting source code files into standalone software artifact(s) that can be run on a computer I'm working with a software ...
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1answer
61 views

理由的理: specify a character by context

This method is often used to clarify which exact character of a certain pronunciation is meant, for example when saying one's name: 我叫王立:不是力量的力,是成立的立。 It is used so frequently that I assume there ...
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620 views

How do you say “do a plank” in Chinese?

Here is a person doing a "plank". What would you say in Chinese?
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201 views

What are the translations of these IT-related terms: app, service, consulting?

What are the right translations of these IT-related terms into (simplified) Chinese: app (as in iOS apps) service (as in application service) consulting (as in IT consulting) Is there a reliable ...
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6answers
338 views

How do you write “hacker” in Chinese?… (where hacker doesn't have an evil connotation)

How do you write "hacker" in Chinese?... For purposes of this question, here is the definition in English: Hacker /ˈhækər/ (noun) One who likes to program. One who utilizes technology to ...
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What the meaning of 线上引流?

This is from here. 公司大力发展线上与线下相结合,共同为服务商引流销售。 I also have: 具体来说,就是线上选(手)机, 线下体验,或者说是线上引流、线下交易。 引流:依靠吸引力或重力从一个体腔或伤口抽取液体的行为、过程和办法 = drain or drainage (medicine) Maybe they mean "吸引 顾客 流量" ...
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1answer
84 views

How to translate “knitting” and “weaving” into Mandarin?

I am struggling with auto translators that do not know that knitting and weaving are not interchangeable terms. It seems that changing the position of the words in the English sentence can cause this ...
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252 views

Good resource to learn scientific Chinese

I'm searching for a good resource to learn Chinese with a focus on natural sciences and engineering. In particular, I would like the name of chemicals, machinery parts and environmental/ecological ...
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What is “singleton set” in Chinese?

In set theory, a singleton set is a set with just one element. The term is not in any of my dictionaries, and the only online source I found is one page of zh.wikipedia which just transliterates it as ...
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The origin of 勾 and 股 in The Pythagorean Theorem 勾股定理

The Chinese name for the Pythagorean Theorem is 勾股定理 Take a right angle triangle ABC Let side AB be the shortest side. Let AC be the second shortest side. BC is therefore the longest side and the ...
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What is an “exoactive” Chinese character?

I have noticed that Chinese characters are labelled as “exoactive”, “endoactive”, “exopassive” and “endopassive” on Wiktionary. For example, it says that 娶 (marry) is the exoactive version of 取. I am ...
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1answer
263 views

How do I translate the definition of the mathematical term “Latinity” into Chinese?

I'm going to try giving another mathematics talk in Chinese. I'm struggling with this sentence: Definition: The Latinity lambda(G) of a graph G is the smallest d for which there exists a d-...
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1answer
200 views

what's the term for “tone contour”?

I would like a translation in putonghua for “tone contour” as in “the tone contour of 普通话 is 314” I found two terms: 声调轮廓 from CC-CEDICT 音调曲线 from ABC dictionary Are either (or both?) of these ...
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381 views

Is there a name for a “phantom” stroke handwritten by mistake?

When handwriting the Chinese 休 it might be mistakenly written as 体 Afterwards, it has an additional "phantom" stroke which only exists because it's written incorrectly. There's a number of &...
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4answers
574 views

What's the meaning of 虚化 in Chinese linguistics?

I was reading a research paper in linguistics and came across this definition 虚化结果补语。 I'm not sure what the proper English translation would be. There are a couple introductory sentences that ...
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73 views

Why is 在 translated as “during” in this sentence rather then “at”?

This sentence 中国人喜欢在端午节吃粽子。 is translated as, Chinese People like to eat Zongzi during the Dragon Boat Festival. Why is 在 translated as "during" rather then "at".
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What does “Fangcang [hospital]” mean?

What does "Fangcang" literally mean in "Fangcang hospital" where China relocated those infected with Covid-19, but who had only mild (or no) symptoms? Somewhat "close but no cigar", a Lancet paper ...
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Is there a name for 2-character “in-between” words in which both characters are abbreviations for individual 2-character words?

As I improve my vocabulary, I'm encountering a lot of "in-between words": they are 2-character words where both characters are both contractions of individual 2-character words. I don't know if these ...
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649 views

What is the term little meatballs (referring to spoiled kids)?

In this video One Child Policy: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) there's a description of only children: little emperors or little meatballs as they're sometimes called in Chinese These ...
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Colloquial Translation: Dynamics

It seems that a lot of colloquial English terms are actually seen to be quite formal or academic in Chinese. In English we have the term dynamics as in: group dynamics, social dynamics, ...
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640 views

What does the term “Chinese” mean?

The Wikipedia article on Chinese says that many varieties of Chinese are mutually unintelligible. That is, I can't just learn "Chinese" and speak "Chinese" with anyone living in China or Taiwan. What ...
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232 views

How do mainland Chinese and non-mainland Chinese people refer to China?

With the recent coronavirus outbreak, there has been a lot of information being conveyed in both traditional and simplified Chinese. This is allowing some useful comparative analysis of the tone of ...
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75 views

Literal versus contextual translation of 斷腸

I saw in the translation of a set of Chinese lyrics that 斷腸 was translated into 'heartbroken' or 'broken heart'. This is a curious case where there is already a common expression for heart broken - ...
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401 views

Proper term 劝合不劝散

Came across this, old(?), term today: 劝合不劝散. A quick baidu gives me a lot of variants on this term though: 劝合不劝离 劝合不劝分 And 劝和不劝散 劝和不劝分 劝和不劝离 I would imagine anything with 和 would be a more ...
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134 views

Names for forms of ancient poetry

I am preparing an edition of Sappho in Chinese, and need to mention the various meters she used, because it is according to meter that the fragments are arranged. Do ancient forms of poetry like "...
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Does Chinese have an equivalent to “Person A”?

In English, sometimes we'll refer to a person whose name is unknown or undisclosed as "Person A" particularly in hypothetical scenarios. Does a similar thing exist in Chinese that doesn't make use of ...
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417 views

What words are used in Taiwan for a place or person that mends clothing?

On my last trip to Mainland China I saw a lady in a corner "mini shop" mending clothes with a sewing machine. She mended my jeans for about $5. I don't think she had any kind of sign. This trip I'm ...
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210 views

Does the word 肉 always mean pork (unless preceded by another word which means a different animal) in Chinese menus?

红烧肉、回锅肉、芹菜炒肉,肉夹馍…… Without the name of a different animal mentioned before 肉 (such as 孜然羊肉), does the word 肉 always mean "pork" without any exception? Edit: I have found the following ...
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6answers
252 views

Why native speakers always say “一块钱” and write “一元钱 ”instead of “壹圆钱”?

The 1 RMB notes has the Chinese word "壹圆". In spoken Chinese, I hear many native speakers say "一块钱" instead of "壹圆钱"。In written Chinese, I have seen "一元钱" more than "壹圆钱". My questions: In spoken ...
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Is it grammatically correct to say 西南人?

The phrase 东北人 has been widely used by native speakers but 西南人 is not as common. Is it not equally correct to say 西南人?
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Why 中華民國 = Republic of China?

According to google translate and other dictionaries, "republic" means "共和國" in Chinese.
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1answer
90 views

Are 中国 and 中华 synonyms?

For example, Chinese Taipei can be translated either as 中国台北 or 中华台北。Are 中国 and 中华 synonyms? If there is any differnce between 中国 and 中华,how to reflect the difference in English translation?
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Why 青椒牛 instead of 青椒牛肉 in this Chinese menu?

See the attached Chinese menu. Why L4 is called 青椒牛 instead of 青椒牛肉? I think 牛 means the animal cow (or ox?) and 牛肉 means beef. Similarly, why 芥蓝鸡 instead of 芥蓝鸡肉?
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What word should be used to describe anyone who is counter-revolutionary, that is, one who opposes a revolution?

Literally translating, can one who opposes a revolutionary be called a "反革命" in Chinese? In mainland China, "反革命" used be a serious crime which may be lead to death penalty. So people are not allowed ...
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194 views

What part of speech are 应答用语?

Words like OK 好的 诶 are often used in response to other people's requests, proposals and the like. In Chinese they're often referred to as 应答用语. Is 应答用语 a part of speech? If so what would it be ...
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2k views

Differentiating Between Dove And Pigeon In Chinese

鸽子 is used interchangeably for both dove and pigeon. How to differentiate between the both of them in Chinese? Even 白鸽 which I would totally imagine would mean dove, both ABC and KEY just define it ...
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2answers
218 views

What is the phenomenon of putting a verb twice in a sentence called?

Disclaimer: I am not asking about reduplication nor separable verbs! I have noticed that the Chinese often use the same verb twice as if deconstructing a sentence into smaller clauses. I have also ...
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81 views

What are nonstandard forms of written words called?

Normal characters are (汉)字 and nonstandard characters are 俗子. Wrongly written words or nonstandard forms of written words can be referred to by using 俗作. For instance, the entry for 耳食 in《南充方言词语考释》...
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190 views

How can “binary cross-entropy” be expressed in Mandarin Chinese?

NOTE: "binary cross-entropy" is a terminology used in Machine Learning field. 交叉熵 seems to mean "cross-entropy" in Mandarin Chinese. According to this page however, it expresses the "binary cross-...
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1answer
34 views

How to translate a non-recreational but activism/protest “campout”?

How to translate an activist campout (as in a protest site where people also camp)? The full sentence I would like to translate (it would be great if you could help me out): The activists feared ...
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How to say: “This advice/guideline was distributed via (newspaper X、Y and news agency Z)”?

How to say: "This advice/guideline was distributed via (newspaper X、Y and news agency Z)" please? What I mean with advice or guideline is a set of principles propagated by a certain research ...
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73 views

How to say “grammatical case” in Chinese?

How do you call “grammatical case” in Chinese? I mean the property of grammar where nouns change based on their function in sentence, for instance like in Russian or to lesser extent in German. I ...
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3answers
87 views

How is it decided as to which character is used on the tech terminology?

Usually the technological terminology is mapped to an equivalent word in Chinese. For example: Deep Learning: 深度学习 Linear Algebra: 线性代数 Web Server: 服务器 However, 深层学习 may also be a valid choice. In ...
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131 views

Meaning of the headline 超流量平台

The 平台 is usually rendered as 'platform', but what is the 超流量? The total context of the phrase is as follows: 是俄罗斯及市场最新颖的垂直跨境电商零售批发网站。未来平台注册用户数将超过1000万+,日均访问UV超过100万+,PV超过0.5亿+,最大化展现平台流量价值. So ...
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199 views

How to express words variants in Chinese?

Variant characters are often called 异体字. How about words? E.g.: 歺厅 is a variant of 餐厅 歺厅: 餐厅的异体词? 餐厅的变体? [Specifically looking for XX的XX, i.e.: 餐厅的XX]
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86 views

What is a 四副做汤的银模子?

The term is from 红楼梦/Dream of the Red Chamber chapter 35. I have found several translations and none is any more helpful that this: four sets of moulds for soups. I do not know what soup molds (or ...
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1answer
53 views

What does 防海固圉 mean?

Taken from the title of an article published in a Taiwanese governmental journal, related to Penghu County: 防海固圉 Presumed pronunciation (without further background knowledge): ㄈㄤˊㄏㄞˇㄍㄨˋㄩˇ = fɑŋ2 ...