Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about technical or specialized words in fields like grammar, IT, politics, sports, etc.

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61 views

Literal versus contextual translation of 斷腸

I saw in the translation of a set of Chinese lyrics that 斷腸 was translated into 'heartbroken' or 'broken heart'. This is a curious case where there is already a common expression for heart broken - ...
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263 views

What is the term little meatballs (referring to spoiled kids)?

In this video One Child Policy: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) there's a description of only children: little emperors or little meatballs as they're sometimes called in Chinese These ...
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50 views

Mahjong Terminology Fact or Fiction?

I can't seem to figure out the Chinese term being referenced here. In the Japanese "riichi" rules for mahjong, there is a rule called "furiten," which prevents a player from using a tile matching one ...
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411 views

What words are used in Taiwan for a place or person that mends clothing?

On my last trip to Mainland China I saw a lady in a corner "mini shop" mending clothes with a sewing machine. She mended my jeans for about $5. I don't think she had any kind of sign. This trip I'm ...
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47 views

Is it grammatically correct to say 西南人?

The phrase 东北人 has been widely used by native speakers but 西南人 is not as common. Is it not equally correct to say 西南人?
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51 views

Are 中国 and 中华 synonyms?

For example, Chinese Taipei can be translated either as 中国台北 or 中华台北。Are 中国 and 中华 synonyms? If there is any differnce between 中国 and 中华,how to reflect the difference in English translation?
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89 views

Why 中華民國 = Republic of China?

According to google translate and other dictionaries, "republic" means "共和國" in Chinese.
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76 views

Why 青椒牛 instead of 青椒牛肉 in this Chinese menu?

See the attached Chinese menu. Why L4 is called 青椒牛 instead of 青椒牛肉? I think 牛 means the animal cow (or ox?) and 牛肉 means beef. Similarly, why 芥蓝鸡 instead of 芥蓝鸡肉?
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Does the word 肉 always mean pork (unless preceded by another word which means a different animal) in Chinese menus?

红烧肉、回锅肉、芹菜炒肉,肉夹馍…… Without the name of a different animal mentioned before 肉 (such as 孜然羊肉), does the word 肉 always mean "pork" without any exception? Edit: I have found the following ...
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What word should be used to describe anyone who is counter-revolutionary, that is, one who opposes a revolution?

Literally translating, can one who opposes a revolutionary be called a "反革命" in Chinese? In mainland China, "反革命" used be a serious crime which may be lead to death penalty. So people are not allowed ...
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187 views

Why native speakers always say “一块钱” and write “一元钱 ”instead of “壹圆钱”?

The 1 RMB notes has the Chinese word "壹圆". In spoken Chinese, I hear many native speakers say "一块钱" instead of "壹圆钱"。In written Chinese, I have seen "一元钱" more than "壹圆钱". My questions: In spoken ...
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1answer
43 views

理由的理: specify a character by context

This method is often used to clarify which exact character of a certain pronunciation is meant, for example when saying one's name: 我叫王立:不是力量的力,是成立的立。 It is used so frequently that I assume there ...
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Does Chinese have an equivalent to “Person A”?

In English, sometimes we'll refer to a person whose name is unknown or undisclosed as "Person A" particularly in hypothetical scenarios. Does a similar thing exist in Chinese that doesn't make use of ...
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129 views

Names for forms of ancient poetry

I am preparing an edition of Sappho in Chinese, and need to mention the various meters she used, because it is according to meter that the fragments are arranged. Do ancient forms of poetry like "...
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151 views

What is the phenomenon of putting a verb twice in a sentence called?

Disclaimer: I am not asking about reduplication nor separable verbs! I have noticed that the Chinese often use the same verb twice as if deconstructing a sentence into smaller clauses. I have also ...
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1answer
159 views

what's the term for “tone contour”?

I would like a translation in putonghua for “tone contour” as in “the tone contour of 普通话 is 314” I found two terms: 声调轮廓 from CC-CEDICT 音调曲线 from ABC dictionary Are either (or both?) of these ...
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75 views

What are nonstandard forms of written words called?

Normal characters are (汉)字 and nonstandard characters are 俗子. Wrongly written words or nonstandard forms of written words can be referred to by using 俗作. For instance, the entry for 耳食 in《南充方言词语考释》...
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What part of speech are 应答用语?

Words like OK 好的 诶 are often used in response to other people's requests, proposals and the like. In Chinese they're often referred to as 应答用语. Is 应答用语 a part of speech? If so what would it be ...
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32 views

How to translate a non-recreational but activism/protest “campout”?

How to translate an activist campout (as in a protest site where people also camp)? The full sentence I would like to translate (it would be great if you could help me out): The activists feared ...
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How to say: “This advice/guideline was distributed via (newspaper X、Y and news agency Z)”?

How to say: "This advice/guideline was distributed via (newspaper X、Y and news agency Z)" please? What I mean with advice or guideline is a set of principles propagated by a certain research ...
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63 views

How to say “grammatical case” in Chinese?

How do you call “grammatical case” in Chinese? I mean the property of grammar where nouns change based on their function in sentence, for instance like in Russian or to lesser extent in German. I ...
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183 views

How can “binary cross-entropy” be expressed in Mandarin Chinese?

NOTE: "binary cross-entropy" is a terminology used in Machine Learning field. 交叉熵 seems to mean "cross-entropy" in Mandarin Chinese. According to this page however, it expresses the "binary cross-...
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83 views

How is it decided as to which character is used on the tech terminology?

Usually the technological terminology is mapped to an equivalent word in Chinese. For example: Deep Learning: 深度学习 Linear Algebra: 线性代数 Web Server: 服务器 However, 深层学习 may also be a valid choice. In ...
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123 views

Meaning of the headline 超流量平台

The 平台 is usually rendered as 'platform', but what is the 超流量? The total context of the phrase is as follows: 是俄罗斯及市场最新颖的垂直跨境电商零售批发网站。未来平台注册用户数将超过1000万+,日均访问UV超过100万+,PV超过0.5亿+,最大化展现平台流量价值. So ...
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73 views

What is a 四副做汤的银模子?

The term is from 红楼梦/Dream of the Red Chamber chapter 35. I have found several translations and none is any more helpful that this: four sets of moulds for soups. I do not know what soup molds (or ...
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47 views

What does 防海固圉 mean?

Taken from the title of an article published in a Taiwanese governmental journal, related to Penghu County: 防海固圉 Presumed pronunciation (without further background knowledge): ㄈㄤˊㄏㄞˇㄍㄨˋㄩˇ = fɑŋ2 ...
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147 views

What's the opposite of 儿化?非儿化?

I'm looking for the way to express the opposite of 儿化 in Chinese. Let's assume 老头儿(lǎotóur)is the standard and it's rarely ever without an 儿. 老头 in this instance would be an exception. I want to ...
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191 views

How to express words variants in Chinese?

Variant characters are often called 异体字. How about words? E.g.: 歺厅 is a variant of 餐厅 歺厅: 餐厅的异体词? 餐厅的变体? [Specifically looking for XX的XX, i.e.: 餐厅的XX]
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67 views

Why would topolects get described in terms of Mandarin? (声母变异、韵母变异)

[Perhaps this is a "which came first - the chicken or the egg?"-type question - but I'm left quite puzzled why anyone would describe things in this manner.] Why would anyone (or any material for that ...
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69 views

What other words than 奥 exist for places of reveration?

奥(ao4) denotes a place inside a house,where offerings to one's ancestors are put. It is located in the south western corner of the house. Beside this term, are there further words like this?
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286 views

What do chinese people understand by word 漫画 “manhua”?

I mean, do they use this term to name comics from all the world, or just those native, from China? Has something changed about naming with time? Does anyone still uses term 连漫画? 谢谢!
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849 views

Any real difference between 句子 and 句话 in Mandarin?

I have learned that both words mean "a sentence". But they behave differently: 句子 requires a measure word and can be used separately, while 句话 does not (?) need the measure word and shouldn't be used ...
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61 views

Is the potholing term for 天坑 sinkhole?

Not a potholer myself, I'm not up on the technical terminolgy. Is 天坑 a sinkhole, or is there some other technical term?
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196 views

In mathematics, how to express “两者不能同时成立”?

Is there any reference book from which I can learn the basic usages applied to the proofs in mathematics? I met several problems these days, for instance, "两者不能同时成立" seems hard for me. Thank you!
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Chinese Stack Exchange Computer [duplicate]

I am looking for the link to the Chinese Stack Exchange site that specialized in computer vocabulary. The site no longer opens with link I saved. Thanks, Seee.
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121 views

What is the term for these piles of tiles on top of a roof?

What is the term for these piles of tiles on top of a roof?
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155 views

Translation of “fraction” in a sentence

I'm having difficulty translating the following sentence into Chinese: A fraction q of the population is smart. I was tempted to translate this as 百分之 q 的人口是聪明的。 But strictly speaking this is ...
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608 views

Difference Between 学校 and 学堂

What's the difference between 学校 and 学堂? I've heard that 学堂 has more classical usage, is that correct? I know that 学校 is more commonly used these days.
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516 views

Why did China opt for 星期 over 曜日?

Korea and Japan seem to have a week system that looks like this: Monday 月曜日 Tuesday 火曜日 Wednesday 水曜日 Thursday 木曜日 Friday 金曜日 Saturday 土曜日 Sunday 日曜日 China apparently ...
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Differentiating Between Dove And Pigeon In Chinese

鸽子 is used interchangeably for both dove and pigeon. How to differentiate between the both of them in Chinese? Even 白鸽 which I would totally imagine would mean dove, both ABC and KEY just define it ...
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93 views

Different terms for money throughout history

What different terms for money have there been throughout history? Like: 孔方兄 上清童子 Time period used too would be nice.
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97 views

What exactly does 服侍我大脚 means?

Chinese is my native language but this is the first time I heard about this term. What does it means? It's used in a sentence as follow: 我的三个小美人,不要怕,只要你们乖乖听话,用心服侍我大脚,有你们享得福 Does it actually ...
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324 views

Any Chinese-English economics and business related vocab list online?

Apologies to those who are irritated by resource request questions. What would you recommend to brush up and expand economics and business related vocabulary? Ideally I am looking for something that ...
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469 views

What does the term “Chinese” mean?

The Wikipedia article on Chinese says that many varieties of Chinese are mutually unintelligible. That is, I can't just learn "Chinese" and speak "Chinese" with anyone living in China or Taiwan. What ...
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349 views

Proper term 劝合不劝散

Came across this, old(?), term today: 劝合不劝散. A quick baidu gives me a lot of variants on this term though: 劝合不劝离 劝合不劝分 And 劝和不劝散 劝和不劝分 劝和不劝离 I would imagine anything with 和 would be a more ...
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49 views

Female Equivalent: 膀爷

It's summer time guys the 膀爷s are out on full parade! Although I haven't seen that many females as exhibitionist as the males - there's still a fair share of ladies showing off their midriffs. What's ...
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69 views

Colloquial Translation: Dynamics

It seems that a lot of colloquial English terms are actually seen to be quite formal or academic in Chinese. In English we have the term dynamics as in: group dynamics, social dynamics, ...