Questions tagged [vocabulary]

It's the set of words used by a language, but also all of the words within a language known by a single person.

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70 views

How to say 'to keep' in Chinese?

Seems like an easy question, but there doesn't seem to be an easy answer! If I have three apples in my hands and I give you two, I could say 'I'll give you these two apples, but I will keep this one'. ...
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68 views

What's the difference in use between 教 and 教给?

At first it seemed like 教给 is just a verb and a preposition, but 教 can be used directly: 我可以教你。 Is that a separate piece of vocabulary?
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115 views

How does do (做) mean become (成)?

In the sentence ‘I want to be[come] a policeman’, why is the verb for ‘become’, ‘do’? 我想做一个警察。 Wǒ xiǎng zuò yīgè jǐngchá. I have seen one of the dictionary definitions of 做 to mean become, ...
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Is there just one word, 哈密瓜, for both honeydew melons and cantaloupes?

I couldn't find distinct words referring to green and orange melons. Would it just be 橙色的 and 绿色的哈密瓜?
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291 views

Is there a difference between 杀害 and 杀死?

I have tried browsing examples, but the only potential difference I see is that you can say "它也会杀死庄稼", but I am not sure if 杀害 also refers to plants.
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Differences between 细腻, 细致, 精细 and 深入

All 4 words listed above all in some way have the meaning of fine, exquisite, detailed. So what are the differences between them? Please provice some examples
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身 as a measure word is it commonly used

My Wenlin dictionary describes 身 as also a measure word for "suits of clothing". Is it commonly used by Chinese speakers ?
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35 views

受到 vs 产生 - in terms of 影响,兴趣 etc

So, I'm struggling to see the difference between these two verb-noun collocations. In your opinion, is there are a difference between: 受到影响 and 产生影响 to (be) influenced 受到兴趣 and 产生兴趣 to (become) ...
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How to say ‘run for office’ in Mandarin?

I’ve searched dictionary and found 2 words 参选 and 竞选。I’m a bit confused since it seems 参选 is used more but in Vietnamese (my mother tongue) we used the word “tranh cử” (竞选). So what is the correct ...
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53 views

缺乏 vs 缺少 - differences?

Is there a meaningful difference between these two? I have seen that 缺少 tends to be used with towns (这个城市缺少一个泳池) while 缺乏 seems to be more on the small-scale (你缺乏合适的经验) but not sure if this is just a ...
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Does 害虫 and 益虫 cover different types of animals?

I’ve been looking into the word “pest”, and the dictionary showed me 害虫, but 虫 means insects, so I wonder whether the word 害虫 only means harmful insects or it also can be used to refer to other pests ...
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What are the differences between 违犯 and 违反?

Both 违犯 and 违反 share the meaning to violate. What are the differences between these two?
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Is 呆 just a casual description or a medically-related thing

I'm not too sure about 呆. If you say 这个孩子有一点儿呆, does that translate as this child is a bit stupid (just slightly offensive opinion, like 笨), or is it more like 'this child has a learning difficulty' (...
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Toponims of China limitrophing countries

After studying Chinese for extended period of time, I stay perplexed with names of countries surrounding continental China: 蒙古 (menggu, Mongolia), 越南 (yuenan, Vietnam),印度 (yindu, India),印尼 (yinni, ...
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Does 家医院 just mean hospital?

I came across 家医院 in example sentences in an anki deck I downloaded. I know that 医院 means hospital. I tried to look up 家医院 in two dictionaries but could not find it. What is 家医院? Is it equivalent ...
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63 views

Why do we use 做 in this sentence as “being”?

Sentence: 我太喜欢和他做朋友了 How can we use 做 in this meaning in other sentences? Where can I read more about it and what is the name of this "rule"? And what is the meaning of the 了 in this sentence?
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我明天开始放寒假。What is the meaning of 放?

我明天开始放寒假。 My understanding of 放 is 'start', but in the above sentence 开始 means 'start', so what does 放 mean here? Thank you!
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What is the difference between 准时 and 按时?

These both seem to mean 'on time' / 'on schedule' (compared to 及时, which I believe means 'in good time', i.e. before the scheduled / agreed time). Is there a difference between them?
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What are Chinese terms for 'androgynous', 'gender neutral', 'non binary' etc. to imply gender neutrality?

I’m currently working on a textiles project for University inspired by Asian streetwear subculture and my main focus is androgyny and gender fluidity with the aim to create a collection of unisex/...
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Usage of 就 after a noun and before a verb

So this is actually the third question I've asked regarding 就... It's quite difficult for me to grasp. I've gained a lot of insight from the past two question (Usage of 就 in these two examples and ...
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What is the purpose of 并 in this sentence?

I have a sentence that I can't quite grasp the meaning of. The sentence is: 他虽然并不聪明, 可是很努力。 It's an example from a Mandarin Chinese textbook I'm using, teaching the usages of 虽然 ~ 可/但(是). I ran ...
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What's the usage/meaning of 就 in this case?

I've asked a question regarding 就 before here and the answer helped a lot. But I'm a bit confused regarding another example sentence that I came across. The sentence is: 大的行李托运了,这个小的行李就随身带着。 The ...
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Chinese equivalent of eggcorns?

An eggcorn is: In linguistics, an eggcorn is an idiosyncratic substitution of a word or phrase for a word or words that sound similar or identical in the speaker's dialect (sometimes called oronyms)...
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63 views

Words related to several 成语 (via 《AB》 → 《-A-B》)

The word 颜色 (yánsè / colour; facial expression/looks) is clearly related to several chengyu: 五颜六色 容颜失色 正颜厉色 和颜悦色 怡颜悦色 喜颜悦色 I suspect that many two-character words AB are similar to 颜色, in that ...
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470 views

What does the 过 mean in 我有点过厌他?

I came across this sentence and the translation is roughly "I'm a little tired of him." but I'm curious as to what purpose 过 serves here? Am I right to think that 我有点过厌他。 also means "I'm a little ...
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What is the idiomatic way to say “clothing fits”?

There are various ways to express the verb "fit" in Mandarin, such as 適合,配合,對 and so on. I'm not sure which one to use when expressing sentences like: The clothes no longer fit me. I need clothes ...
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188 views

Chinese modern vocabulary 包饺子

What would be the correct translation for 包饺子 ? Is it a word of 3 hanzi, or just a sentence wrap... dumplings ? 包 is used as a verb or a name ? Many dictionaries give " to wrap meat dumpling ", and 包 ...
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191 views

What is the difference between 翼 and 翅膀?

As far as I know, both 翼 and 翅膀 mean "wing". I've heard people say "雞翼", "雞翅膀", "固定翼飛機", "鳥翅膀". All of these are wings, so what is the difference between 翼 and 翅膀? When should one be used over the ...
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61 views

How to say “If you would like to know any updates , you can always call or message me”

According to my understanding, “update” is translated to “更新” . But this seems to be in the context of Software。 Eg. Software update, OS update ,etc. But how would you convey update in the following ...
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1answer
66 views

Benefeciary : 受益者 vs 获得者

What is the accurate word for Beneficiary (Eg. A beneficiary of a bank account) in Mandarin Chinese ? What is the difference in usage of 受益者 and 获得者 ?
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1answer
56 views

What's an effective way of explaining the difference between 思想 and 想法?

They both connotate a way of thinking. It is my understanding at 思想 os a more broadly encompassing term, like "mentality", or an overarching mindset, whereas "想法" is an individual idea. But what if ...
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80 views

What does the 呢 in “你听什么呢?” mean?

I know that it means "What are you listening to?" but I'm curious as to what the 呢 is supposed to do.
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57 views

what does 革去功名 mean?

I am watching 天下一碗 , in this link, ChengXi says that his friend HuaQiang 革去功名 Does it mean that he got famous in a revolution or reformist group? as he got involved in a political movement? and that ...
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64 views

Not sure what I should use for “when”?

Could I say 当我回家的时 for "when I was coming home"?
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96 views

How to say “martlet” in Chinese?

A martlet is: ... a heraldic charge depicting a stylized bird similar to a swift or a house martin, with stylized feet. "Martlet" is not present in my Chinese dictionary, and Google Translate ...
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2answers
189 views

How to say “oink!” in Mandarin in a family situation?

This may not be on-topic for the next 4383 days, but hopefully today someone will help me out. Last year was the year of the dog, and a common way to write (in English) the Chinese version of what ...
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383 views

What is the use of 色 in color names?

I thought that the proper way to use the basic color names is generally with 色, i.e.: 这件衣服是蓝色的 But recently I have come across such a sentence: 我不喜欢黄的,我喜欢白的。 Is the 色 optional, or is the ...
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When do we use “廿”, “卅” and “卌”?

I am aware of a related question and I know that "廿" means 20. "卅" means 30. "卌" means 40. But I am wondering how to use them correctly. When and how do we use "廿", "卅" and "卌"? For example, are ...
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1answer
91 views

Sichuanese : any tips to learn some vocabulary?

大家好, 我想学四川话。我已经会普通话但是我迫不及待学四川话。 除了要得意外,我不太熟悉其他词汇儿。在哪里可以找到四川话的词汇? 你们四川人一般还有什么很有用的? 请原谅我的中文,我尽力写得很好。 :) I also wanna mention that I already know how to pronounce the Ch->c, Sh->s ...etc Just looking ...
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参加 vs 参与 - cānjiā vs cānyu [duplicate]

So, these two both mean 'to participate in' and there doesn't seem to be any difference in the types of things one might participate in. Are they therefore interchangeable? Thanks! Hashamyim P.s. I ...
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543 views

等待 vs 等候 - dengdai vs denghou

Sorry guys, but here is another instance to two very similar verbs, both meaning 'to wait for sth'. 等待: you can 等待 for 比赛结果/六年/这个天/孩子的降生 等候: you can 等候 for 出租车/飞机的旅客/两个小时/客人/上级的命令 There doesn't seem ...
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2answers
43 views

催 vs 促使 - cui vs cushi

So, the difference between these two. Am I right in believing that 催 is to encourage/urge a third party to do something quicker/with more haste, whereas 促使 is to encourage/urge someone to do something ...
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2answers
243 views

辩论 vs 吵架 - both mean to argue?

for some reason, I imagine the difference is quite significant, but in which two directions do these verbs (辩论 and 吵架) go? How do they differ? Hashamyim
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152 views

照顾 vs 安慰 zhaogu vs anwei

Anyone know the difference between these two verbs? Both seem to mean 'to care for'. Google image search seems to show more Mother/children/illness care for 照顾, but 安慰 also seems to be largely person ...
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231 views

What is the difference of use between 没空 and 没(有)时间?

As far as I can tell, they both have the same meaning: have no time, i.e.: 对不起,今天我没空帮你 对不起,今天我没(有)时间帮你 But the first one looks like a quasi-idiomatic expression (have no air?); is there a ...
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63 views

What are the differences: 效果 vs. 效应

Which of the following sentence is correct, or are both correct? Why? 1.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效果. 2.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效应.
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What's the difference between 逼, 迫, and 逼迫? Do they all carry the same connotation of “to force?”

1) 逼, 迫, and 逼迫 all seem to mean "to force." Is there a difference? 2) If there's a difference, when should you use each one? 3) Which is the most common to use in speaking and writing? 4) Is there ...
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2answers
231 views

How do I translate the words “player” and “team” into Mandarin?

I have noticed there is a large number of words that translate as “player” and “team”. I've been trying to decipher those and so far it seems that: 玩家 wánjiā, 玩者 wánzhě – those two mean a player ...
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2answers
999 views

Why does a search for the Hanja in the Korean word 순진(純眞)하다 yield pictures of Japanese Whetstones?

The Korean word 순진하다 - to be naive, innocent, or pure - relates to the characters 純眞. To get an understanding of how a word is used, sometimes I do an image search. In this case, searching for 純眞 ...
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1answer
76 views

Chinese school group stereotypes?

In the west there are a lot of different groups in school. For instance this list of High school stereotypes mentions preps, jocks, geeks, etc. Of course, even translating these groups directly ...