Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [vocabulary]

It's the set of words used by a language, but also all of the words within a language known by a single person.

0
votes
1answer
5 views

What are the differences between 违犯 and 违反?

Both 违犯 and 违反 share the meaning to violate. What are the differences between these two?
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Is 呆 just a casual description or a medically-related thing

I'm not too sure about 呆. If you say 这个孩子有一点儿呆, does that translate as this child is a bit stupid (just slightly offensive opinion, like 笨), or is it more like 'this child has a learning difficulty' (...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Toponims of China limitrophing countries

After studying Chinese for extended period of time, I stay perplexed with names of countries surrounding continental China: 蒙古 (menggu, Mongolia), 越南 (yuenan, Vietnam),印度 (yindu, India),印尼 (yinni, ...
1
vote
3answers
56 views

Does 家医院 just mean hospital?

I came across 家医院 in example sentences in an anki deck I downloaded. I know that 医院 means hospital. I tried to look up 家医院 in two dictionaries but could not find it. What is 家医院? Is it equivalent ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Why do we use 做 in this sentence as “being”?

Sentence: 我太喜欢和他做朋友了 How can we use 做 in this meaning in other sentences? Where can I read more about it and what is the name of this "rule"? And what is the meaning of the 了 in this sentence?
0
votes
1answer
73 views

我明天开始放寒假。What is the meaning of 放?

我明天开始放寒假。 My understanding of 放 is 'start', but in the above sentence 开始 means 'start', so what does 放 mean here? Thank you!
3
votes
4answers
294 views

What is the difference between 准时 and 按时?

These both seem to mean 'on time' / 'on schedule' (compared to 及时, which I believe means 'in good time', i.e. before the scheduled / agreed time). Is there a difference between them?
1
vote
2answers
69 views

What are Chinese terms for 'androgynous', 'gender neutral', 'non binary' etc. to imply gender neutrality?

I’m currently working on a textiles project for University inspired by Asian streetwear subculture and my main focus is androgyny and gender fluidity with the aim to create a collection of unisex/...
1
vote
5answers
58 views

Usage of 就 after a noun and before a verb

So this is actually the third question I've asked regarding 就... It's quite difficult for me to grasp. I've gained a lot of insight from the past two question (Usage of 就 in these two examples and ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

What is the purpose of 并 in this sentence?

I have a sentence that I can't quite grasp the meaning of. The sentence is: 他虽然并不聪明, 可是很努力。 It's an example from a Mandarin Chinese textbook I'm using, teaching the usages of 虽然 ~ 可/但(是). I ran ...
0
votes
4answers
63 views

What's the usage/meaning of 就 in this case?

I've asked a question regarding 就 before here and the answer helped a lot. But I'm a bit confused regarding another example sentence that I came across. The sentence is: 大的行李托运了,这个小的行李就随身带着。 The ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Chinese equivalent of eggcorns?

An eggcorn is: In linguistics, an eggcorn is an idiosyncratic substitution of a word or phrase for a word or words that sound similar or identical in the speaker's dialect (sometimes called oronyms)...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Words related to several 成语 (via 《AB》 → 《-A-B》)

The word 颜色 (yánsè / colour; facial expression/looks) is clearly related to several chengyu: 五颜六色 容颜失色 正颜厉色 和颜悦色 怡颜悦色 喜颜悦色 I suspect that many two-character words AB are similar to 颜色, in that ...
2
votes
3answers
468 views

What does the 过 mean in 我有点过厌他?

I came across this sentence and the translation is roughly "I'm a little tired of him." but I'm curious as to what purpose 过 serves here? Am I right to think that 我有点过厌他。 also means "I'm a little ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the idiomatic way to say “clothing fits”?

There are various ways to express the verb "fit" in Mandarin, such as 適合,配合,對 and so on. I'm not sure which one to use when expressing sentences like: The clothes no longer fit me. I need clothes ...
1
vote
3answers
187 views

Chinese modern vocabulary 包饺子

What would be the correct translation for 包饺子 ? Is it a word of 3 hanzi, or just a sentence wrap... dumplings ? 包 is used as a verb or a name ? Many dictionaries give " to wrap meat dumpling ", and 包 ...
3
votes
3answers
182 views

What is the difference between 翼 and 翅膀?

As far as I know, both 翼 and 翅膀 mean "wing". I've heard people say "雞翼", "雞翅膀", "固定翼飛機", "鳥翅膀". All of these are wings, so what is the difference between 翼 and 翅膀? When should one be used over the ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

How to say “If you would like to know any updates , you can always call or message me”

According to my understanding, “update” is translated to “更新” . But this seems to be in the context of Software。 Eg. Software update, OS update ,etc. But how would you convey update in the following ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Benefeciary : 受益者 vs 获得者

What is the accurate word for Beneficiary (Eg. A beneficiary of a bank account) in Mandarin Chinese ? What is the difference in usage of 受益者 and 获得者 ?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What's an effective way of explaining the difference between 思想 and 想法?

They both connotate a way of thinking. It is my understanding at 思想 os a more broadly encompassing term, like "mentality", or an overarching mindset, whereas "想法" is an individual idea. But what if ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

What does the 呢 in “你听什么呢?” mean?

I know that it means "What are you listening to?" but I'm curious as to what the 呢 is supposed to do.
0
votes
2answers
57 views

what does 革去功名 mean?

I am watching 天下一碗 , in this link, ChengXi says that his friend HuaQiang 革去功名 Does it mean that he got famous in a revolution or reformist group? as he got involved in a political movement? and that ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Not sure what I should use for “when”?

Could I say 当我回家的时 for "when I was coming home"?
2
votes
3answers
95 views

How to say “martlet” in Chinese?

A martlet is: ... a heraldic charge depicting a stylized bird similar to a swift or a house martin, with stylized feet. "Martlet" is not present in my Chinese dictionary, and Google Translate ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

How to say “oink!” in Mandarin in a family situation?

This may not be on-topic for the next 4383 days, but hopefully today someone will help me out. Last year was the year of the dog, and a common way to write (in English) the Chinese version of what ...
5
votes
3answers
381 views

What is the use of 色 in color names?

I thought that the proper way to use the basic color names is generally with 色, i.e.: 这件衣服是蓝色的 But recently I have come across such a sentence: 我不喜欢黄的,我喜欢白的。 Is the 色 optional, or is the ...
2
votes
4answers
124 views

When do we use “廿”, “卅” and “卌”?

I am aware of a related question and I know that "廿" means 20. "卅" means 30. "卌" means 40. But I am wondering how to use them correctly. When and how do we use "廿", "卅" and "卌"? For example, are ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Sichuanese : any tips to learn some vocabulary?

大家好, 我想学四川话。我已经会普通话但是我迫不及待学四川话。 除了要得意外,我不太熟悉其他词汇儿。在哪里可以找到四川话的词汇? 你们四川人一般还有什么很有用的? 请原谅我的中文,我尽力写得很好。 :) I also wanna mention that I already know how to pronounce the Ch->c, Sh->s ...etc Just looking ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

参加 vs 参与 - cānjiā vs cānyu [duplicate]

So, these two both mean 'to participate in' and there doesn't seem to be any difference in the types of things one might participate in. Are they therefore interchangeable? Thanks! Hashamyim P.s. I ...
5
votes
3answers
515 views

等待 vs 等候 - dengdai vs denghou

Sorry guys, but here is another instance to two very similar verbs, both meaning 'to wait for sth'. 等待: you can 等待 for 比赛结果/六年/这个天/孩子的降生 等候: you can 等候 for 出租车/飞机的旅客/两个小时/客人/上级的命令 There doesn't seem ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

催 vs 促使 - cui vs cushi

So, the difference between these two. Am I right in believing that 催 is to encourage/urge a third party to do something quicker/with more haste, whereas 促使 is to encourage/urge someone to do something ...
2
votes
2answers
241 views

辩论 vs 吵架 - both mean to argue?

for some reason, I imagine the difference is quite significant, but in which two directions do these verbs (辩论 and 吵架) go? How do they differ? Hashamyim
4
votes
5answers
143 views

照顾 vs 安慰 zhaogu vs anwei

Anyone know the difference between these two verbs? Both seem to mean 'to care for'. Google image search seems to show more Mother/children/illness care for 照顾, but 安慰 also seems to be largely person ...
4
votes
2answers
226 views

What is the difference of use between 没空 and 没(有)时间?

As far as I can tell, they both have the same meaning: have no time, i.e.: 对不起,今天我没空帮你 对不起,今天我没(有)时间帮你 But the first one looks like a quasi-idiomatic expression (have no air?); is there a ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

What are the differences: 效果 vs. 效应

Which of the following sentence is correct, or are both correct? Why? 1.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效果. 2.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效应.
1
vote
1answer
74 views

What's the difference between 逼, 迫, and 逼迫? Do they all carry the same connotation of “to force?”

1) 逼, 迫, and 逼迫 all seem to mean "to force." Is there a difference? 2) If there's a difference, when should you use each one? 3) Which is the most common to use in speaking and writing? 4) Is there ...
2
votes
2answers
196 views

How do I translate the words “player” and “team” into Mandarin?

I have noticed there is a large number of words that translate as “player” and “team”. I've been trying to decipher those and so far it seems that: 玩家 wánjiā, 玩者 wánzhě – those two mean a player ...
5
votes
2answers
987 views

Why does a search for the Hanja in the Korean word 순진(純眞)하다 yield pictures of Japanese Whetstones?

The Korean word 순진하다 - to be naive, innocent, or pure - relates to the characters 純眞. To get an understanding of how a word is used, sometimes I do an image search. In this case, searching for 純眞 ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Chinese school group stereotypes?

In the west there are a lot of different groups in school. For instance this list of High school stereotypes mentions preps, jocks, geeks, etc. Of course, even translating these groups directly ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

What is the difference between 覺得 and 想?

I have hard time making clear distinction between 覺得 and 想. According to the dictionary:. - 想:to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Does Chinese have an equivalent to “Person A”?

In English, sometimes we'll refer to a person whose name is unknown or undisclosed as "Person A" particularly in hypothetical scenarios. Does a similar thing exist in Chinese that doesn't make use of ...
1
vote
3answers
49 views

vocabulary choice: 导致 / 促使

If we are to translate "contributed to" in "someone's arrogance and impulsion contributed to his failure," should I use 导致 or 促使? 张三的自负和冲动导致/促使了他的失败。
2
votes
2answers
445 views

Is 学长/学兄 gender specific?

So the word 学姐 is gender specific to woman so what about 学长? Is it only use for male? And if so is 学兄 for all gender?
8
votes
3answers
171 views

What is the meaning of the 打 in 打坐?

How did the two-part compound 打坐 come to mean seated meditation? What is the function of the 打 in that compound?
1
vote
2answers
165 views

How can I sort a list of words by frequency or by hsk level?

I have a list of Chinese words. Is there a tool that will allow me to sort them in order of frequency or by hsk level?
0
votes
0answers
43 views

我 or 我的 to show possession? [duplicate]

你们好, In several language learning books for Chinese, I have seen 我 (wǒ)used rather than to mean “I” to mean “my.” Check the following example: 这是我爱人。 Literally: this be I love person. Meaning: This ...
4
votes
1answer
293 views

Why does 牛车水 mean Chinatown?

I saw a video where people referred to to Chinatown in Singapore as 牛车水. What does this literally mean?
2
votes
3answers
161 views

Is there a dictionary that includes 搭配

Is there a decent dictionary that includes 搭配, or words that the searched word cannot be used with? I use Pleco, but one of my largest complaints with it is there is really no baseline for how the ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

会计 instead of <美>收银机,现金出纳机, cash register?

Bentley Little, The Summoning has 会计 for original's "cash register": 苏·温不声不响地站在餐馆会计的后面,越过会计的头顶,她看了看餐馆里仅有的两位客人,他又从会计的头顶上方斜了他们一眼,苏从会计那儿绕出来,走到他们的桌子前,回到会计那里后,苏又继续折叠那些菜单 On the other hand 会计 is ...
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

HELP!!! Can someone translate this image for me [duplicate]

I could not use Google translate because its an image. Your help will be appreciated .