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Questions tagged [vocabulary]

It's the set of words used by a language, but also all of the words within a language known by a single person.

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2answers
56 views

Not sure what I should use for “when”?

Could I say 当我回家的时 for "when I was coming home"?
2
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3answers
83 views

How to say “martlet” in Chinese?

A martlet is: ... a heraldic charge depicting a stylized bird similar to a swift or a house martin, with stylized feet. "Martlet" is not present in my Chinese dictionary, and Google Translate ...
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2answers
147 views

How to say “oink!” in Mandarin in a family situation?

This may not be on-topic for the next 4383 days, but hopefully today someone will help me out. Last year was the year of the dog, and a common way to write (in English) the Chinese version of what ...
5
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3answers
368 views

What is the use of 色 in color names?

I thought that the proper way to use the basic color names is generally with 色, i.e.: 这件衣服是蓝色的 But recently I have come across such a sentence: 我不喜欢黄的,我喜欢白的。 Is the 色 optional, or is the ...
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4answers
96 views

When do we use “廿”, “卅” and “卌”?

I am aware of a related question and I know that "廿" means 20. "卅" means 30. "卌" means 40. But I am wondering how to use them correctly. When and how do we use "廿", "卅" and "卌"? For example, are ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Sichuanese : any tips to learn some vocabulary?

大家好, 我想学四川话。我已经会普通话但是我迫不及待学四川话。 除了要得意外,我不太熟悉其他词汇儿。在哪里可以找到四川话的词汇? 你们四川人一般还有什么很有用的? 请原谅我的中文,我尽力写得很好。 :) I also wanna mention that I already know how to pronounce the Ch->c, Sh->s ...etc Just looking ...
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2answers
60 views

参加 vs 参与 - cānjiā vs cānyu [duplicate]

So, these two both mean 'to participate in' and there doesn't seem to be any difference in the types of things one might participate in. Are they therefore interchangeable? Thanks! Hashamyim P.s. I ...
5
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3answers
471 views

等待 vs 等候 - dengdai vs denghou

Sorry guys, but here is another instance to two very similar verbs, both meaning 'to wait for sth'. 等待: you can 等待 for 比赛结果/六年/这个天/孩子的降生 等候: you can 等候 for 出租车/飞机的旅客/两个小时/客人/上级的命令 There doesn't seem ...
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2answers
42 views

催 vs 促使 - cui vs cushi

So, the difference between these two. Am I right in believing that 催 is to encourage/urge a third party to do something quicker/with more haste, whereas 促使 is to encourage/urge someone to do something ...
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2answers
237 views

辩论 vs 吵架 - both mean to argue?

for some reason, I imagine the difference is quite significant, but in which two directions do these verbs (辩论 and 吵架) go? How do they differ? Hashamyim
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5answers
130 views

照顾 vs 安慰 zhaogu vs anwei

Anyone know the difference between these two verbs? Both seem to mean 'to care for'. Google image search seems to show more Mother/children/illness care for 照顾, but 安慰 also seems to be largely person ...
4
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2answers
211 views

What is the difference of use between 没空 and 没(有)时间?

As far as I can tell, they both have the same meaning: have no time, i.e.: 对不起,今天我没空帮你 对不起,今天我没(有)时间帮你 But the first one looks like a quasi-idiomatic expression (have no air?); is there a ...
2
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2answers
54 views

What are the differences: 效果 vs. 效应

Which of the following sentence is correct, or are both correct? Why? 1.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效果. 2.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效应.
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1answer
61 views

What's the difference between 逼, 迫, and 逼迫? Do they all carry the same connotation of “to force?”

1) 逼, 迫, and 逼迫 all seem to mean "to force." Is there a difference? 2) If there's a difference, when should you use each one? 3) Which is the most common to use in speaking and writing? 4) Is there ...
2
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2answers
157 views

How do I translate the words “player” and “team” into Mandarin?

I have noticed there is a large number of words that translate as “player” and “team”. I've been trying to decipher those and so far it seems that: 玩家 wánjiā, 玩者 wánzhě – those two mean a player ...
5
votes
2answers
962 views

Why does a search for the Hanja in the Korean word 순진(純眞)하다 yield pictures of Japanese Whetstones?

The Korean word 순진하다 - to be naive, innocent, or pure - relates to the characters 純眞. To get an understanding of how a word is used, sometimes I do an image search. In this case, searching for 純眞 ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Chinese school group stereotypes?

In the west there are a lot of different groups in school. For instance this list of High school stereotypes mentions preps, jocks, geeks, etc. Of course, even translating these groups directly ...
3
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2answers
79 views

What is the difference between 覺得 and 想?

I have hard time making clear distinction between 覺得 and 想. According to the dictionary:. - 想:to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or ...
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4answers
2k views

Does Chinese have an equivalent to “Person A”?

In English, sometimes we'll refer to a person whose name is unknown or undisclosed as "Person A" particularly in hypothetical scenarios. Does a similar thing exist in Chinese that doesn't make use of ...
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3answers
45 views

vocabulary choice: 导致 / 促使

If we are to translate "contributed to" in "someone's arrogance and impulsion contributed to his failure," should I use 导致 or 促使? 张三的自负和冲动导致/促使了他的失败。
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2answers
442 views

Is 学长/学兄 gender specific?

So the word 学姐 is gender specific to woman so what about 学长? Is it only use for male? And if so is 学兄 for all gender?
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3answers
167 views

What is the meaning of the 打 in 打坐?

How did the two-part compound 打坐 come to mean seated meditation? What is the function of the 打 in that compound?
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2answers
94 views

How can I sort a list of words by frequency or by hsk level?

I have a list of Chinese words. Is there a tool that will allow me to sort them in order of frequency or by hsk level?
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0answers
42 views

我 or 我的 to show possession? [duplicate]

你们好, In several language learning books for Chinese, I have seen 我 (wǒ)used rather than to mean “I” to mean “my.” Check the following example: 这是我爱人。 Literally: this be I love person. Meaning: This ...
4
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1answer
207 views

Why does 牛车水 mean Chinatown?

I saw a video where people referred to to Chinatown in Singapore as 牛车水. What does this literally mean?
2
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3answers
137 views

Is there a dictionary that includes 搭配

Is there a decent dictionary that includes 搭配, or words that the searched word cannot be used with? I use Pleco, but one of my largest complaints with it is there is really no baseline for how the ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

会计 instead of <美>收银机,现金出纳机, cash register?

Bentley Little, The Summoning has 会计 for original's "cash register": 苏·温不声不响地站在餐馆会计的后面,越过会计的头顶,她看了看餐馆里仅有的两位客人,他又从会计的头顶上方斜了他们一眼,苏从会计那儿绕出来,走到他们的桌子前,回到会计那里后,苏又继续折叠那些菜单 On the other hand 会计 is ...
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1answer
49 views

HELP!!! Can someone translate this image for me [duplicate]

I could not use Google translate because its an image. Your help will be appreciated .
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2answers
106 views

Please some Help me translate this [closed]

I could not use Google translate because its an image. Your help will be appreciated.
4
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2answers
128 views

Where can I find a full list of combinations of sounds and tones used in Chinese?

I heard that there are roughly 400 sounds in Mandarin plus four tones. Are all combinations of those used in Chinese vocabulary, making it 1600 possibilities per single-sound word? If not, how many ...
1
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3answers
89 views

Is it fine to use “锻炼” as in “good practice” or not?

The sentence in question is "我觉得留学是一种很好锻炼" Can I use “锻炼” in this context?
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3answers
121 views

Difference between 品格 / 品质 / 人品 / 人格 / 素质?

I have seen 品格,品质,人品,人格,素质 all defined as moral quality or character, though I'm guessing there's more nuance in the way they are used. Are these words interchangeable or do they describe different ...
1
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2answers
108 views

How to use “considering [that]” as a conjunction?

How do I use the conjunction "considering [that]" in Chinese? See example below. "The companies process is sub-optimal, considering the complexity of their business model."
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1answer
35 views

How to translate “note:” into Chinese?

How is the word "note:" translated into Chinese within the following example? -Example- Summary of Findings Finding 1 Finding 2 Finding 3 Note: these findings were based on a first draft and may ...
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2answers
85 views

Could you please correct my sentences?

Could you please correct my text ? 虽然我会说一口流利的法语,但是我想说一口流利的汉语。 我的职业 是律师。 律师 的责任很大,因为他必须解决严重得实情。然后压力大。 可是在巴黎 律师逐渐增加。 因此招聘越来越少。
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3answers
84 views

What kind of pen/brush do 水笔 and 签名笔 refers to?

I was casually browsing Chinese artist blog, and the artist states that he/she uses 圆珠笔 签名笔 and 水笔 as medium for art. I know what a ballpoint pen is. However, I am not sure what kind of pen is 签名笔. ...
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2answers
168 views

Meaning of the word 黄毛小儿

Is 黄毛小儿 a sort of idiomatic phrase? Literally it would mean a "yellow haired child." I saw it on a TV drama, but from the child in question was definitely not yellow haired. Since the speaker was ...
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2answers
85 views

What does “他并没有来北京” means? What does 并没有 refers to?

I am confuse about the usage of character 并 with 没有来 Does it means 1) She never (and will not) come to Beijing. 2) She hasn't come to Beijing, yet. (but she will come soon) Thanks
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1answer
68 views

Children's room in Chinese

I have a homework to describe my apartment. How do you call a children's room in Chinese? Is it common to have a room for kids in China? Looking through possible combinations of 孩子,房间,and 间 in the ...
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3answers
72 views

Difference between “游泳” and “游水”

I've been learning with a course, and one of the lessons said: 这个男人在游泳, but the same sentence with a dog was: 这只狗在游水. I presume that both were doing the same thing: swimming. So, can I use 游泳 with ...
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3answers
515 views

What are expressions for head and tails on a coin?

While talking about probability with mainland Chinese students I asked what they say for heads and tails on a Chinese coin. I was tossing a one Yuan coin, and they decided I could say in English "...
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3answers
51 views

Is this correct? 用实际行动来(回馈)父母的期待。

Is "用实际行动来(回馈)父母的期待" correct? I think "回馈期待" is unnatural to me. If it is wrong, would "回报" be correct? What other words can be used here? Thank you!
1
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1answer
121 views

Difference between 太太 and 夫人?

What is the difference between 太太 and 夫人? My book (外国人学汉语) translates it as the same word. “Woman (married)” and it says they can both be a suffix as well as a noun. Question:Is there really no ...
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2answers
99 views

What is this exclamation and how is it written?

There is a phrase that my family uses, but I'm not sure how to type it in Mandarin. I don't know if it is purely an exclamation or if it also means something. The closest way I can write it in English ...
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2answers
108 views

Are 仙草, 毒草 and 良草 broadly-used idioms?

Today I learned from a Chinese friend (a rather literate fellow) that you can use those words to describe books. Apparently: 仙草 = outstanding book, book as if made for Gods 毒草 = very poor or even ...
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2answers
175 views

How do you say “ball of foot” in Chinese?

I looked up it was 跖球, But I think it's a medical vocabulary. Is there more popular word? PS: Why is it called a ball?
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4answers
179 views

Why is 少数量 wrong?

I don't know why the first sentence is correct but the second is wrong. 野生大熊猫的数量少是很多原因造成的 野生大熊猫的少数量是很多原因造成的 According to the dictionary, 少, when it is an adjective, means "small". So "small amount"...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

What is the meaning of 臭石头 (slang)?

I remember that my dad used this occasionally when he was arguing with my mom. Google translate just returns smelly rock, but I know it's gotta be some sort of slang, as whenever my dad said it, my ...
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2answers
121 views

每个人都… Why the 都 is compulsory in the sentence.

花市里人山人海,热闹非凡,每个人都带着甜蜜的笑容。 Is the sentence wrong without the 都? Why the sentence is only correct / better with the 都? Thank you!
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1answer
108 views

How should I translate "找你两块“?

I understand that 两块 here means two yuan. But how should I translate “找你两块”? Thank you!