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Questions tagged [vocabulary]

It's the set of words used by a language, but also all of the words within a language known by a single person.

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Chinese equivalent of eggcorns?

An eggcorn is: In linguistics, an eggcorn is an idiosyncratic substitution of a word or phrase for a word or words that sound similar or identical in the speaker's dialect (sometimes called oronyms)...
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1answer
54 views

Words related to several 成语 (via 《AB》 → 《-A-B》)

The word 颜色 (yánsè / colour; facial expression/looks) is clearly related to several chengyu: 五颜六色 容颜失色 正颜厉色 和颜悦色 怡颜悦色 喜颜悦色 I suspect that many two-character words AB are similar to 颜色, in that ...
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3answers
460 views

What does the 过 mean in 我有点过厌他?

I came across this sentence and the translation is roughly "I'm a little tired of him." but I'm curious as to what purpose 过 serves here? Am I right to think that 我有点过厌他。 also means "I'm a little ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the idiomatic way to say “clothing fits”?

There are various ways to express the verb "fit" in Mandarin, such as 適合,配合,對 and so on. I'm not sure which one to use when expressing sentences like: The clothes no longer fit me. I need clothes ...
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185 views

Chinese modern vocabulary 包饺子

What would be the correct translation for 包饺子 ? Is it a word of 3 hanzi, or just a sentence wrap... dumplings ? 包 is used as a verb or a name ? Many dictionaries give " to wrap meat dumpling ", and 包 ...
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3answers
171 views

What is the difference between 翼 and 翅膀?

As far as I know, both 翼 and 翅膀 mean "wing". I've heard people say "雞翼", "雞翅膀", "固定翼飛機", "鳥翅膀". All of these are wings, so what is the difference between 翼 and 翅膀? When should one be used over the ...
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1answer
58 views

How to say “If you would like to know any updates , you can always call or message me”

According to my understanding, “update” is translated to “更新” . But this seems to be in the context of Software。 Eg. Software update, OS update ,etc. But how would you convey update in the following ...
3
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1answer
65 views

Benefeciary : 受益者 vs 获得者

What is the accurate word for Beneficiary (Eg. A beneficiary of a bank account) in Mandarin Chinese ? What is the difference in usage of 受益者 and 获得者 ?
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1answer
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What's an effective way of explaining the difference between 思想 and 想法?

They both connotate a way of thinking. It is my understanding at 思想 os a more broadly encompassing term, like "mentality", or an overarching mindset, whereas "想法" is an individual idea. But what if ...
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2answers
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What does the 呢 in “你听什么呢?” mean?

I know that it means "What are you listening to?" but I'm curious as to what the 呢 is supposed to do.
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2answers
56 views

what does 革去功名 mean?

I am watching 天下一碗 , in this link, ChengXi says that his friend HuaQiang 革去功名 Does it mean that he got famous in a revolution or reformist group? as he got involved in a political movement? and that ...
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2answers
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Not sure what I should use for “when”?

Could I say 当我回家的时 for "when I was coming home"?
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3answers
95 views

How to say “martlet” in Chinese?

A martlet is: ... a heraldic charge depicting a stylized bird similar to a swift or a house martin, with stylized feet. "Martlet" is not present in my Chinese dictionary, and Google Translate ...
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2answers
167 views

How to say “oink!” in Mandarin in a family situation?

This may not be on-topic for the next 4383 days, but hopefully today someone will help me out. Last year was the year of the dog, and a common way to write (in English) the Chinese version of what ...
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3answers
378 views

What is the use of 色 in color names?

I thought that the proper way to use the basic color names is generally with 色, i.e.: 这件衣服是蓝色的 But recently I have come across such a sentence: 我不喜欢黄的,我喜欢白的。 Is the 色 optional, or is the ...
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4answers
108 views

When do we use “廿”, “卅” and “卌”?

I am aware of a related question and I know that "廿" means 20. "卅" means 30. "卌" means 40. But I am wondering how to use them correctly. When and how do we use "廿", "卅" and "卌"? For example, are ...
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1answer
88 views

Sichuanese : any tips to learn some vocabulary?

大家好, 我想学四川话。我已经会普通话但是我迫不及待学四川话。 除了要得意外,我不太熟悉其他词汇儿。在哪里可以找到四川话的词汇? 你们四川人一般还有什么很有用的? 请原谅我的中文,我尽力写得很好。 :) I also wanna mention that I already know how to pronounce the Ch->c, Sh->s ...etc Just looking ...
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2answers
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参加 vs 参与 - cānjiā vs cānyu [duplicate]

So, these two both mean 'to participate in' and there doesn't seem to be any difference in the types of things one might participate in. Are they therefore interchangeable? Thanks! Hashamyim P.s. I ...
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3answers
494 views

等待 vs 等候 - dengdai vs denghou

Sorry guys, but here is another instance to two very similar verbs, both meaning 'to wait for sth'. 等待: you can 等待 for 比赛结果/六年/这个天/孩子的降生 等候: you can 等候 for 出租车/飞机的旅客/两个小时/客人/上级的命令 There doesn't seem ...
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2answers
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催 vs 促使 - cui vs cushi

So, the difference between these two. Am I right in believing that 催 is to encourage/urge a third party to do something quicker/with more haste, whereas 促使 is to encourage/urge someone to do something ...
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2answers
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辩论 vs 吵架 - both mean to argue?

for some reason, I imagine the difference is quite significant, but in which two directions do these verbs (辩论 and 吵架) go? How do they differ? Hashamyim
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5answers
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照顾 vs 安慰 zhaogu vs anwei

Anyone know the difference between these two verbs? Both seem to mean 'to care for'. Google image search seems to show more Mother/children/illness care for 照顾, but 安慰 also seems to be largely person ...
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2answers
218 views

What is the difference of use between 没空 and 没(有)时间?

As far as I can tell, they both have the same meaning: have no time, i.e.: 对不起,今天我没空帮你 对不起,今天我没(有)时间帮你 But the first one looks like a quasi-idiomatic expression (have no air?); is there a ...
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2answers
57 views

What are the differences: 效果 vs. 效应

Which of the following sentence is correct, or are both correct? Why? 1.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效果. 2.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效应.
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1answer
68 views

What's the difference between 逼, 迫, and 逼迫? Do they all carry the same connotation of “to force?”

1) 逼, 迫, and 逼迫 all seem to mean "to force." Is there a difference? 2) If there's a difference, when should you use each one? 3) Which is the most common to use in speaking and writing? 4) Is there ...
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2answers
172 views

How do I translate the words “player” and “team” into Mandarin?

I have noticed there is a large number of words that translate as “player” and “team”. I've been trying to decipher those and so far it seems that: 玩家 wánjiā, 玩者 wánzhě – those two mean a player ...
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2answers
976 views

Why does a search for the Hanja in the Korean word 순진(純眞)하다 yield pictures of Japanese Whetstones?

The Korean word 순진하다 - to be naive, innocent, or pure - relates to the characters 純眞. To get an understanding of how a word is used, sometimes I do an image search. In this case, searching for 純眞 ...
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1answer
72 views

Chinese school group stereotypes?

In the west there are a lot of different groups in school. For instance this list of High school stereotypes mentions preps, jocks, geeks, etc. Of course, even translating these groups directly ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between 覺得 and 想?

I have hard time making clear distinction between 覺得 and 想. According to the dictionary:. - 想:to think / to believe / to suppose / to wish / to want / to miss (feel wistful about the absence of sb or ...
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Does Chinese have an equivalent to “Person A”?

In English, sometimes we'll refer to a person whose name is unknown or undisclosed as "Person A" particularly in hypothetical scenarios. Does a similar thing exist in Chinese that doesn't make use of ...
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3answers
49 views

vocabulary choice: 导致 / 促使

If we are to translate "contributed to" in "someone's arrogance and impulsion contributed to his failure," should I use 导致 or 促使? 张三的自负和冲动导致/促使了他的失败。
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2answers
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Is 学长/学兄 gender specific?

So the word 学姐 is gender specific to woman so what about 学长? Is it only use for male? And if so is 学兄 for all gender?
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3answers
168 views

What is the meaning of the 打 in 打坐?

How did the two-part compound 打坐 come to mean seated meditation? What is the function of the 打 in that compound?
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2answers
128 views

How can I sort a list of words by frequency or by hsk level?

I have a list of Chinese words. Is there a tool that will allow me to sort them in order of frequency or by hsk level?
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0answers
42 views

我 or 我的 to show possession? [duplicate]

你们好, In several language learning books for Chinese, I have seen 我 (wǒ)used rather than to mean “I” to mean “my.” Check the following example: 这是我爱人。 Literally: this be I love person. Meaning: This ...
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1answer
254 views

Why does 牛车水 mean Chinatown?

I saw a video where people referred to to Chinatown in Singapore as 牛车水. What does this literally mean?
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3answers
143 views

Is there a dictionary that includes 搭配

Is there a decent dictionary that includes 搭配, or words that the searched word cannot be used with? I use Pleco, but one of my largest complaints with it is there is really no baseline for how the ...
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2answers
78 views

会计 instead of <美>收银机,现金出纳机, cash register?

Bentley Little, The Summoning has 会计 for original's "cash register": 苏·温不声不响地站在餐馆会计的后面,越过会计的头顶,她看了看餐馆里仅有的两位客人,他又从会计的头顶上方斜了他们一眼,苏从会计那儿绕出来,走到他们的桌子前,回到会计那里后,苏又继续折叠那些菜单 On the other hand 会计 is ...
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1answer
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HELP!!! Can someone translate this image for me [duplicate]

I could not use Google translate because its an image. Your help will be appreciated .
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2answers
106 views

Please some Help me translate this [closed]

I could not use Google translate because its an image. Your help will be appreciated.
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2answers
129 views

Where can I find a full list of combinations of sounds and tones used in Chinese?

I heard that there are roughly 400 sounds in Mandarin plus four tones. Are all combinations of those used in Chinese vocabulary, making it 1600 possibilities per single-sound word? If not, how many ...
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3answers
91 views

Is it fine to use “锻炼” as in “good practice” or not?

The sentence in question is "我觉得留学是一种很好锻炼" Can I use “锻炼” in this context?
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3answers
137 views

Difference between 品格 / 品质 / 人品 / 人格 / 素质?

I have seen 品格,品质,人品,人格,素质 all defined as moral quality or character, though I'm guessing there's more nuance in the way they are used. Are these words interchangeable or do they describe different ...
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2answers
114 views

How to use “considering [that]” as a conjunction?

How do I use the conjunction "considering [that]" in Chinese? See example below. "The companies process is sub-optimal, considering the complexity of their business model."
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1answer
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How to translate “note:” into Chinese?

How is the word "note:" translated into Chinese within the following example? -Example- Summary of Findings Finding 1 Finding 2 Finding 3 Note: these findings were based on a first draft and may ...
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2answers
85 views

Could you please correct my sentences?

Could you please correct my text ? 虽然我会说一口流利的法语,但是我想说一口流利的汉语。 我的职业 是律师。 律师 的责任很大,因为他必须解决严重得实情。然后压力大。 可是在巴黎 律师逐渐增加。 因此招聘越来越少。
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What kind of pen/brush do 水笔 and 签名笔 refers to?

I was casually browsing Chinese artist blog, and the artist states that he/she uses 圆珠笔 签名笔 and 水笔 as medium for art. I know what a ballpoint pen is. However, I am not sure what kind of pen is 签名笔. ...
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2answers
173 views

Meaning of the word 黄毛小儿

Is 黄毛小儿 a sort of idiomatic phrase? Literally it would mean a "yellow haired child." I saw it on a TV drama, but from the child in question was definitely not yellow haired. Since the speaker was ...
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2answers
85 views

What does “他并没有来北京” means? What does 并没有 refers to?

I am confuse about the usage of character 并 with 没有来 Does it means 1) She never (and will not) come to Beijing. 2) She hasn't come to Beijing, yet. (but she will come soon) Thanks
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1answer
68 views

Children's room in Chinese

I have a homework to describe my apartment. How do you call a children's room in Chinese? Is it common to have a room for kids in China? Looking through possible combinations of 孩子,房间,and 间 in the ...