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Questions tagged [vocabulary]

It's the set of words used by a language, but also all of the words within a language known by a single person.

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我 or 我的 to show possession? [duplicate]

你们好, In several language learning books for Chinese, I have seen 我 (wǒ)used rather than to mean “I” to mean “my.” Check the following example: 这是我爱人。 Literally: this be I love person. Meaning: This ...
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108 views

Why does 牛车水 mean Chinatown?

I saw a video where people referred to to Chinatown in Singapore as 牛车水. What does this literally mean?
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2answers
82 views

Is there a dictionary that includes 搭配

Is there a decent dictionary that includes 搭配, or words that the searched word cannot be used with? I use Pleco, but one of my largest complaints with it is there is really no baseline for how the ...
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会计 instead of <美>收银机,现金出纳机, cash register?

Bentley Little, The Summoning has 会计 for original's "cash register": 苏·温不声不响地站在餐馆会计的后面,越过会计的头顶,她看了看餐馆里仅有的两位客人,他又从会计的头顶上方斜了他们一眼,苏从会计那儿绕出来,走到他们的桌子前,回到会计那里后,苏又继续折叠那些菜单 On the other hand 会计 is ...
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1answer
42 views

HELP!!! Can someone translate this image for me [duplicate]

I could not use Google translate because its an image. Your help will be appreciated .
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100 views

Please some Help me translate this [closed]

I could not use Google translate because its an image. Your help will be appreciated.
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2answers
123 views

Where can I find a full list of combinations of sounds and tones used in Chinese?

I heard that there are roughly 400 sounds in Mandarin plus four tones. Are all combinations of those used in Chinese vocabulary, making it 1600 possibilities per single-sound word? If not, how many ...
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3answers
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Is it fine to use “锻炼” as in “good practice” or not?

The sentence in question is "我觉得留学是一种很好锻炼" Can I use “锻炼” in this context?
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3answers
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Difference between 品格 / 品质 / 人品 / 人格 / 素质?

I have seen 品格,品质,人品,人格,素质 all defined as moral quality or character, though I'm guessing there's more nuance in the way they are used. Are these words interchangeable or do they describe different ...
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How to use “considering [that]” as a conjunction?

How do I use the conjunction "considering [that]" in Chinese? See example below. "The companies process is sub-optimal, considering the complexity of their business model."
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1answer
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How to translate “note:” into Chinese?

How is the word "note:" translated into Chinese within the following example? -Example- Summary of Findings Finding 1 Finding 2 Finding 3 Note: these findings were based on a first draft and may ...
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82 views

Could you please correct my sentences?

Could you please correct my text ? 虽然我会说一口流利的法语,但是我想说一口流利的汉语。 我的职业 是律师。 律师 的责任很大,因为他必须解决严重得实情。然后压力大。 可是在巴黎 律师逐渐增加。 因此招聘越来越少。
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3answers
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What kind of pen/brush do 水笔 and 签名笔 refers to?

I was casually browsing Chinese artist blog, and the artist states that he/she uses 圆珠笔 签名笔 and 水笔 as medium for art. I know what a ballpoint pen is. However, I am not sure what kind of pen is 签名笔. ...
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158 views

Meaning of the word 黄毛小儿

Is 黄毛小儿 a sort of idiomatic phrase? Literally it would mean a "yellow haired child." I saw it on a TV drama, but from the child in question was definitely not yellow haired. Since the speaker was ...
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2answers
81 views

What does “他并没有来北京” means? What does 并没有 refers to?

I am confuse about the usage of character 并 with 没有来 Does it means 1) She never (and will not) come to Beijing. 2) She hasn't come to Beijing, yet. (but she will come soon) Thanks
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1answer
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Children's room in Chinese

I have a homework to describe my apartment. How do you call a children's room in Chinese? Is it common to have a room for kids in China? Looking through possible combinations of 孩子,房间,and 间 in the ...
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Difference between “游泳” and “游水”

I've been learning with a course, and one of the lessons said: 这个男人在游泳, but the same sentence with a dog was: 这只狗在游水. I presume that both were doing the same thing: swimming. So, can I use 游泳 with ...
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3answers
420 views

What are expressions for head and tails on a coin?

While talking about probability with mainland Chinese students I asked what they say for heads and tails on a Chinese coin. I was tossing a one Yuan coin, and they decided I could say in English "...
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3answers
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Is this correct? 用实际行动来(回馈)父母的期待。

Is "用实际行动来(回馈)父母的期待" correct? I think "回馈期待" is unnatural to me. If it is wrong, would "回报" be correct? What other words can be used here? Thank you!
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1answer
108 views

Difference between 太太 and 夫人?

What is the difference between 太太 and 夫人? My book (外国人学汉语) translates it as the same word. “Woman (married)” and it says they can both be a suffix as well as a noun. Question:Is there really no ...
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What is this exclamation and how is it written?

There is a phrase that my family uses, but I'm not sure how to type it in Mandarin. I don't know if it is purely an exclamation or if it also means something. The closest way I can write it in English ...
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Are 仙草, 毒草 and 良草 broadly-used idioms?

Today I learned from a Chinese friend (a rather literate fellow) that you can use those words to describe books. Apparently: 仙草 = outstanding book, book as if made for Gods 毒草 = very poor or even ...
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How do you say “ball of foot” in Chinese?

I looked up it was 跖球, But I think it's a medical vocabulary. Is there more popular word? PS: Why is it called a ball?
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4answers
170 views

Why is 少数量 wrong?

I don't know why the first sentence is correct but the second is wrong. 野生大熊猫的数量少是很多原因造成的 野生大熊猫的少数量是很多原因造成的 According to the dictionary, 少, when it is an adjective, means "small". So "small amount"...
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1answer
175 views

What is the meaning of 臭石头 (slang)?

I remember that my dad used this occasionally when he was arguing with my mom. Google translate just returns smelly rock, but I know it's gotta be some sort of slang, as whenever my dad said it, my ...
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2answers
109 views

每个人都… Why the 都 is compulsory in the sentence.

花市里人山人海,热闹非凡,每个人都带着甜蜜的笑容。 Is the sentence wrong without the 都? Why the sentence is only correct / better with the 都? Thank you!
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1answer
99 views

How should I translate "找你两块“?

I understand that 两块 here means two yuan. But how should I translate “找你两块”? Thank you!
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1answer
50 views

How many days a 节气 last for?

People usually say there are 24 Solar Terms (24节气) in a year, and each lasts 15 days. If so, 24x15 days=360 days. But a year has at least 365 days. Does it mean some 节气 have more than 15 days?
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1answer
65 views

Difference between 大兄弟 and 小伙子

Difference between 大兄弟 and 小伙子. Under which condition should we use one of them?
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1answer
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How is 卻 & 接受 used in John 1:5 CUV?

In the CUV Chinese translation of the New Testament, at John 1:5 we have: 光照在黑暗裡,黑暗卻不接受光。 The light shines in the dark, the dark retreats and does not receive the light. The above is my ...
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Word pairs like 嫉妒/忌妒 with similar pronounciations and meanings - examples and discussion please

I was thinking about how slight changes in pronunciation are reflected in writing. As a case in point, here are two examples of words whose pronunciations are different, but similar, and whose ...
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5answers
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What's the difference between “现在几点?“ and ”现在几点了?”

In the textbook, I saw both "现在几点?" and "现在几点了?" I know they are both correct and "了" often indicates past tense, but what's the difference here? I think it would be really good if I can look up ...
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475 views

Is this an actual phrase, “Sao Wei Deng Yi Xia” (please wait a moment), or am I crazy?

So I learned most of my Chinese through speaking, and I swear (especially in a service setting), people say something like "Sao Wei Deng Yi Xia" 等一下 is obvious, but I have not been able to find ...
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What is the difference between 楼 and 塔?

My question is as the title. To make my question clear, the 楼 in the context is not referring to the floors of a building, such as 我住6楼。It is referring to those such as 岳阳楼, 黄鹤楼. After searching ...
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2answers
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Is '我还需要多加练习' okay as a dance video caption?

I want to upload a video of me learning a dance but I make several mistakes so I want to say something like 'I need more practice' or 'more practice needed'. is 我还需要多加练习 a natural way of saying this ...
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1answer
147 views

How to deal with elasticity/flexibility in HSK vocabulary?

I'll be concise for those knowledgeable, and refer to brief and basic bibliography for those who are not. The Chinese elasticity/flexibility is a lexical property of Chinese terms, two sides of the ...
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1answer
138 views

Cangjie reference

I'm currently starting to learn to use a cangjie keyboard for typing Chinese (倉頡) and I'm struggling to find the combinations for characters. I would like a resource where I can use my slower ...
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2answers
97 views

How would you interpret: “你的美如日; 你的智若猫头鹰”?

How do you interpret the phrase: "你的美如日; 你的智若猫头鹰" (Nǐ dì měi rú rì; nǐ de zhì ruò māotóuyīng in Mandarin)? I'm trying to say something like: "Your beauty is like the sun; your wisdom is like an owl's"...
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2answers
92 views

When should 叉 or 岔 be used when talking about a forked road?

I have encountered the following usages of 叉 and 岔 when dealing with forked roads: 叉路口 交叉路口 叉路 三叉路口 三岔路口 四岔路口 岔路口 Is there any rhyme or reason to when to use 叉 vs. 岔? Is one more correct than the ...
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3answers
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What rules are there for combining characters in couplets? (对联)

So I want to practice writing Chinese couplet poetry. I have been reading about the character count matching in each line, with parallel meanings, etc. However, my question is, are there limits to ...
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5answers
153 views

What is the difference between 乘 and 坐?

I'm confused about how or when to use 乘 and 坐 when discussing vehicles. It seems like you can say: 坐火车 or 乘火车 坐巴士 or 乘巴士 坐出租车 or 乘出租车 If these are interchangeable, what is the difference ...
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2answers
103 views

neutral tone in a non-final syllable

Can a neutral/fifth tone appear in a word syllable other than the last one? If so, as a lexical tone, a sandhi tone or both? Adding a few examples would be helpful.
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2answers
154 views

How to Discern '降维攻击'?

The idiom '降维攻击' is quite popular in Chinese chatting room. Interestingly, it's used almost in any context. What's the origin and meaning of it?
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181 views

What does 每隔 mean?

每隔一周 means "every two weeks" or "every other week" in English. So, it looks like “每隔 x” is equivalent to "every x+1" in English. However, I noticed many online dictionaries have 每隔两天 equivalent to "...
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2answers
132 views

Verbal reading of 块?

In my open-source dictionary a contributor has suggested a verbal reading for 块: to cut/chop into pieces, noting that in this 'verbal sense' it is always reduplicated. I cannot find this in either CC-...
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94 views

Meaning of 纸 in radicals

I was asked this in my Chinese class and have to write a mini paragraph on it: 解释一下“纸”这个字部首是什么?最早纸是什么意思? I know that the first part of 纸 means 丝绸, but what does the second part of the character ...
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1answer
104 views

Details of TOCFL online?

Is there an online description of Test Of Chinese as a Foreign Language (TOCFL) in Spanish or English that's better than Wikipedia? Both Wikipedia and the official site say that the final level adds ...
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2answers
89 views

Did the name “白俄罗斯” exist in Chinese before 1991?

Did the name "白俄罗斯" for Belarus exist in Chinese language before 1991 or was it created only when Belarus became an independent state in 1991?
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2answers
332 views

How to use 弄 in a sentence?

On some of my Chinese school worksheets, we're supposed to use "弄" in the following sentences: Don't make the child cry. Loosen the belt. There is one more problem that has yet to be clarified. I'...
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1answer
40 views

What does 初期运营速度 mean when we talk about high speed railway?

When talking about the definition of high speed railway, it is often said 初期运营速度不小于200公里/小时. I don't understand what 初期运营速度 mean? I come out a few possible meanings, but not sure which is correct. ...