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13
votes
1answer
212 views

What's a good place to look up the etymology of certain Chinese words that aren't immediately obvious?

Many Chinese words make a lot of sense when you consider the meanings of individual characters. However, others aren't quite as obvious at first glance. For example, Why does 有机 as in 有机食品 mean ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Intonation and stress for Chinese pronunciation

The new book 汉语国际教育用词语声调组合及轻重音格式实用手册 ("A Practical Manual of Tone Patterns and Formats of Stressed and Unstressed Syllables in Mandarin Words for the Application of Teaching Chinese to the ...
4
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0answers
63 views

What rhyme groups had “light” labial initials (輕唇音) such as 非 in the Yunjing (韻鏡)?

This page on "ChinaKnowledge" as well as Pulleyblank's Middle Chinese (published 1984, p.86) say that such rhymes were placed in grade 3 hekou (合口三等) in the standard rhyme tables. However ...
4
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0answers
87 views

Similarities between Japanese 四字熟語 and Chinese 成语?

I have been learning Japanese 四字熟語 as a paste time for sometime and I would like to know whether most of them can be used verbatim in Chinese or if there are Japanese-made yojijukugo which cannot be ...
4
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5answers
565 views

What is the meaning of …不断向产业链的高端提升是发展趋势的要求?

I can't quite get the last part of this 专家:这个问题不能一刀切。对于东部的企业,因为起步较早,有一定产业规模和资金积累,所以调整产业结构,提高技术含量,不断向产业链的高端提升是发展趋势的要求。 Can I rewrite the last bit thus: 不断向产业链的高端提升是发展趋势的要求。= 发展趋势的要求是不断向产业链的高端的提升。 ...
3
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1answer
196 views

How did 黑鍋 “black wok” semantically shift to mean “blame for a crime”?

https://chinese.stackexchange.com/a/38716 spurred this question. 黑鍋 - Wiktionary (literally) black wok (figuratively) blame for a crime How did "black wok" semantically shift to mean ...
3
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0answers
169 views

The number of “components” (potentially) to define a Chinese character typeface

This post goes into some hypotheticals on how long it might take to design a Chinese font compared to a Latin font. It shows an image of potentially some "radicals" which could be used as the base ...
3
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1answer
349 views

Help identifying characters on a memorial coin

I recently got my hands into this coin No idea how it got here, nor where it came from, I've tried to identify the text with some chinese speaking friends but we are unable to fully comprehend. So ...
3
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0answers
121 views

Has there ever been an English translation of 《輶軒》“Fangyan”?

《輶軒使者絕代語釋別國方言》has a couple of different names including《方言》and《揚子方言》. In English it mostly just gets called Fangyan. The entire Chinese text has been put up on ctext. As the first Chinese ...
3
votes
3answers
474 views

What does “主体责任” mean?

"主体责任" has been a hot phrase since Xi Jinping came into power in 2013, but with too many repetitions of it appearing in many publications, there have been few explanations of the true meaning found ...
2
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1answer
38 views

What is the English term for 「制度管治」?

I've been searching on the internet but cannot find anything relevant. Should it be "governance by systems", "system governance" or something else? Thank you.
2
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1answer
48 views

Can the 的 particle ever function without “nominalizing”?

From my answer in What is the meaning of 的 in “有一天你会明白的”? and according to Charles N. Li, Sandra A. Thompson - Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar, I believed the function of the particle ...
2
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0answers
37 views

Data on the endangerment of Southwestern Mandarin?

I'm looking for some data on the endangerment of Southwestern Mandarin. Since it is rather a broad subject, it can be broken down to the Cheng–Yu 成渝 branch as it is quite representative of the ...
2
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0answers
172 views

What did Liu Cixin mean here?

In a postscript to the American edition of The Three-Body Problem / 三体, the author says: In science fiction, humanity is often described as a collective. In this book, a man named “humanity” ...
2
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0answers
68 views

Is there a breakdown of the simplification scheme into methods?

For the second round of simplification (actually, its second part), there is a scheme dividing the processes into classes by the method used, such as: leaving only part of the character that leaves ...
2
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0answers
121 views

Any evidence for z(h)uang (这么) and luang (那么)?

I keep hearing: zuang [tsuaŋ] and luang [Ĩuaŋ] for 这么 and 那么, respectively. I believe it is Minjiang dialect (岷江话, 岷江小片). I've flipped through a couple of books I have but I haven't been able ...
1
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0answers
8 views

Is “白皮书” a good translation of “open letter”?

Looking through twitter today I came across this tweet that says: 加拿大前六个部长上白皮书,要求释放王炳章 Six former Canadian ministers call for release of jailed Chinese dissident in open letter /via @globeandmail ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Translating as Past or Present tense

I am translating an excerpt of a Chinese short story. In general, do any indicators in Chinese grammar exist that would require the usage of past tense (in English) instead of present tense? In this ...
1
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3answers
42 views

Changing order of a phrase

So I watched a movie. I thought would be fun to see if I could re-order the phrase. Phrase 1 original: 不能说的就不要说. To: 就不要说不能说的. Phrase 2 original: 阻止他说不该说的话. To: 不该说的话阻止他说. Are the two re-order ...
1
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2answers
50 views

Why can some words such as 安宁 be either a noun or a adjective?

This is just one of the many examples where I noticed this, but with these words, does that mean I can say something like: 我找到我心里的安宁 or something along those lines and treat it as if it were a noun, ...
1
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2answers
41 views

If 莫過於 doesn't start sentence, how it means “nothing can surpass …”?

ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive Dictionary (2003), p 629. Wiktionary also defines this "nothing can surpass ..." I thought 莫過於 must start sentence, because ... is at end definition has ...
1
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0answers
36 views

What semantic field underlies 尚?

ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive Dictionary (2003), p 799. I can't access the "slightly revised through July 2005" ed. CUHK doesn't expound what semantic notions underlie all 4 definitions,...
1
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0answers
46 views

What does 别间 in 别间大学的男生都土里土气的 means?

I've been sentence mining from Meteor Garden 2001 and I came across the sentence 别间大学的男生都土里土气的 Can someone help me figure out what does '别间‘ means in that sentence? Thanks!
1
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0answers
125 views

Composed forms of radicals in unicode

Unicode appears to define the composed forms of some radicals (e.g. 725C 牜or 2EA9 ⺩), but far from all (e.g. the left-half version of 6728 木). Yet there are texts (e.g. figure 18.7 in chapter 18 of ...
0
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1answer
49 views

What is the meaning of “完败”?

客队0比3完败。 客队0比3完败主队。 客队3比0完败主队。 客队以完败收场。 客队0比3完胜了。 客队3比0完败了。 What is the meaning of "完败" in these sentence?
0
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1answer
38 views

What semantic notions underlie 氵(left radcial for water) with 沮 (to prevent; to ruin; disheartened)?

Is weeping the underlying semantic notion? Doubtless weeping involves water (tears), and usually follows gloom. Unusually CUHK blazons no etymology. Yellowbridge.
0
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0answers
24 views

What semantic notions underlie 扌(left radical for hand) with 擾 (to disturb)?

CUHK doesn't expound the semantic shift. Synopsis  : 金文從「卤」從「頁」。「卤」是「卣」字的形訛,「卣」是古代裝水、酒的青銅器,象人雙手捧「卣」之形。「卣」亦是聲符。「卣」、「擾」、「柔」古音相近,同屬幽部。從「卤」從「頁」之字形,孫詒讓認為是「擾」的異文。 Elaboration: 金文通讀作「柔」,表示安撫,番生簋:「擾遠能𤞷(邇)」。《...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

The difference between 蓄着 vs 在蓄?

That is the difference between: 蓄着胡子 and 在蓄胡子 As far as I understand it's: 在蓄胡子 -- to grow a beard. 蓄着胡子 -- to wear a beard. Am I right?
0
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1answer
54 views

What are the Hokkienese lyrics in the Wax Chattels song “Cede”?

I was reading a review of the new album Clot by Wax Chattels. There was one sentence that caught my attention: The vitriolic choruses of "Cede" are in Cheng's native language — Taiwanese ...
0
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0answers
72 views

Does anyone know this chinese artist

Does anyone know how to translate this signature to english
0
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0answers
28 views

How does 唔 + 通 compound to mean the rhetorical question of “is it possible that”?

I can't find 唔通 in ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive Dictionary (2003), probably for it's Cantonese. 唔通 (m4 tung1 | ) : could it be that ...? - CantoDict 唔  m4  -  not; no 通  tung1  -  through; ...
0
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0answers
40 views

一貧如洗 : What mean 一, 洗?

ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive Dictionary (2003), p 1164. In 一貧如洗, what mean 一? One what? Or is this subject pronoun "one" in English? 洗? How pennilessness or poverty relate to 洗?
0
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0answers
19 views

What semantic field underlies 治?

p 1263, ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive Dictionary (2003). I can't access the "slightly revised through July 2005" ed. CUHK doesn't expound what semantic notions underlie all 7 ...
0
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0answers
20 views

How did 靦腆 compound to mean shy, bashful?

Neither of 靦腆's components semantically appertains to bashfulness. p 924, ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive Dictionary (2003). I can't access the "slightly revised through July 2005" ed. ...
0
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0answers
13 views

For 實, what semantic notions underlie wealth and fullness of heart, with trueness?

I can't read Chinese, but if Google Translate is correct, CUHK blazons 2 etymologies for 實: Synopsis : 金文「實」字會屋內充滿貝、玉等寶物之意,本義是富實、富足。 [1.] Elaboration: 西周散氏盤銘文「實」字從「宀」從「周」從「貝」,「周」為「琱」的象形,指琱琢之玉,...
0
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0answers
23 views

What semantic notions underlie “righteousness, uprightness” (義) with “appearance; apparatus” (儀)?

"Appearances can be deceiving", and instruments have been used for torture. So how did 義 semantically shift to mean definitions 1-4 below? p 1134, ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Chinese idiom puzzle 8

Please solve the following puzzle Describe a woman's husband is not good (nowadays refers to get together with a bad partner) 語出《詩.王風.中谷有蓷》 A live and death matter Everyone has one 遏後語 "年晚煎堆&...
0
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0answers
38 views

How does “the copula 惟” distinguish the meanings of negation for 非 v. 不?

I understand copulas for English, but not for Chinese here. Anyways, let's focus on the negatory meanings of 非 not be; is not; not (logic) NOT wrong; incorrect to reproach; to blame (colloquial) Used ...
0
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0answers
44 views

What semantic notions underlie 'hem, margin; reason, cause; karma, fate' for 緣?

p 1194, ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive Dictionary (2003). I can't access the "slightly revised through July 2005" ed. Sset 3 originates from the semantic radical 糸. How did Set 3 (the ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Is there any comprehensive English-language source on Classical Chinese poetic metre?

I’ve been wondering if there are any comprehensive books or locations that deal in Western languages with the peculiarities and norms of the Classical Chinese poetry. The difference between the jueju, ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Where can I find a digital copy of 黄继忠's translation of 论语?

I'm looking for a digital copy of Chichung Huang (黄继忠)'s translation of The Analects of Confucius (论语). Amazon's blurb mentions what they believe are the advantages of the translation: Far more ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

What's the etymology of 巴士海峽?

The wikipedia article on the strait in English (the Bashi Strait) doesn't say.
0
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1answer
62 views

documentation/references: 全 being pronunced `qian` in Southwestern Mandarin

I'd always had this hunch! The bus recording was supposed to be 安全 but why did it sound like 安前. Then I got affirmation from 《成都方言》 刘前进 此词源于《刘全进瓜》的古典故事,即与瓜傻同义,便指傻瓜。又由于地域读音关系,“前”与“全”不分,此词又为“刘全进”。歇后语:“~...
0
votes
1answer
209 views

Translating the last verse of “Si maritau Rosa” into Chinese

Background I am making a Chinese singable version of a Sicilian song called "Si maritau Rosa" (Rosa has gotten married). I have three questions about how to best render the last verse. Here are the ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

Meaning of 说话人最可能 **是** 什么关系?

是,有 Would you please let me know if in this sentence "说话人最可能 是 什么关系?", we can use 有 instead of 是 to be read as: 说话人最可能 有 什么关系?
-1
votes
1answer
84 views

What exactly are the meaning/function of 的 and 了?

In my experience, not 1 single 对外汉语教师 can explain these two words, the most popular-used, to the students, unfortunately, including myself. Can anyone explains is this sequence: 1. basic/fundamental ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

What semantic field underlies 傾?

ABC Chinese–English Comprehensive Dictionary (2003). I can't access the "slightly revised through July 2005" ed. p 726. Definitions 1, 3 don't fit the others. CUHK doesn't expound what ...
-1
votes
0answers
54 views

What does “你穿着袜子呢” insinuate?

On YouTube there is a video entitled Do They Speak English in China?. Start at around ~2:07 there is an exchange that goes: A: 不好意思打扰一下,请问您会说英文吗? B: 你穿着袜子呢 Someone in the comments named My Dream is ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

What type of meanings/functions can/does 谁 have?

I had learnt some grammar points where 谁 seems to introduce a subordinated phrase (those people who (谁做谁) ... and who would be 谁, now I was wondering what other functions 谁 could have.
-1
votes
1answer
190 views

How can I type 小篆characters that are not in the FANG ZHENG XIAO ZHUAN TI FONT?

By intalling the FANG ZHENG XIAO ZHUAN TI FONT I've been able to type 小篆 characters. However there are many chacters which don't change when the font is applied to them. For the more modern characters ...

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