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1

向 in this context is a form of, (perhaps not exactly), an auto-antonym which are words that are the opposite of themselves when used in different context. (Note:- an antonym is a word that expresses a meaning opposed to the meaning of another word) Examples of auto-antonyms are:- "left", (departed from), or (remaining); "put out", (to ...


2

According to dictionaries, 向: 介词 引进动作的方向或对象 It can introduce not only the direction but also the object of the verb. E.g. 向他借钱 means you applies the action(借钱) upon the object 他. Other examples: 向他打听/向他问路/etc. This sense of 向 is more or less relevant to the sense "towards". For interpretation, you may use "to" or "from" ...


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Prepositions are funny things, they can swap their meanings around, depending on your point of view and your language. Thus 'to' can become 'from'. 望向窗外。 look from/to window out Gaze out of the window. 向银行贷款 get a loan from the bank 从银行贷款 get a loan from the bank 我向银行贷款买了一处房子。 I borrowed money from the bank to buy a house.


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I bought a house by obtaining a mortgage from the bank. In this sentence, 向 = 從, means "from".


2

'I bought a house on mortgage' is how I'd translate, but literally it would be 'I got a mortgage from a bank and bought a house'. '向' could mean 'at', 'with' or 'from' depending on the context, here it means 'from'.


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