11

時期字體 字形 參考資料 商甲 甲185合集19924 戰國・燕古幣 108古幣文編 戰國・晉璽印 959古璽彙編 秦簡 日甲119睡虎地秦簡 篆 日部說文解字 楷 「昌」 (early morning call, e.g. to the day's labour) is comprised of semantic 「日」 (sun) on top of semantic 「口」 (mouth). Such calls would likely be rhythmic or melodious, similar to bugle calls, making the interpretation of 「昌」 as the original form of 「唱」 (to sing). ...


10

円 and 月 are both graphical corruptions. The original form of the character did not have those components. 靑/青 was originally comprised of 屮 (sprouting plant) and 井, which gave the sound. The bronze script form looked like In ancient scripts, 井 as a component was frequently interchanged with 丹. The graphical form of 丹 originated as 井 plus a small horizontal ...


8

說文解字 has both references for 氣 and 气. Put simply, 气 and 氣 comes from different origin and somehow merge together into one stream later. In detail: 米 is not added to 气 to get 氣 in Tang Dynasty. Long time ago, 氣 appears in the form of Bronze inscription, though different meaning as 气. 氣 is originally designed to mean the "air generated from digesting food". ...


7

There are many resources which "decompose characters", but most of them do not give any insight as to how Chinese characters actually work in relation to the language, and looking at these resources is very counterproductive. The answer accepted here on the character decomposition of 「你」 is from one of the few resources which do give a correct idea ...


7

Indeed, 「靜」 (Zhengzhang OC: /*zleŋʔ/, calm/quiet) is a phonetic loan character, and both its components 「青」 (/*sʰleːŋ/) and 「爭」 (/*ʔsreːŋ/) are phonetic components. Unfortunately, the inscription record is rather scarce and by itself may not actually represent the language that well. Based on the usage of 「靜」, the meaning calm/quiet may have been a semantic ...


7

《說文・黑部》 黴,中久雨青黑。从黑,微省聲。 「黴」 (Zhengzhang OC: /*mrɯl/), blackening from being afflicted by prolonged rain. From semantic 「黑」 (black) and reduced phonetic 「微」 (/*mɯl/). The character 「霉」 (mould, mildew) did not exist originally, with the word that it represents being originally written as 「黴」. From character definitions, 「黴」 originally referred to the dark ...


5

「剛」originally meant unyielding/stubborn/strong. 金剛 is a traditional phrase which is also used to translate a Buddhist word from Sanskrit (वज्र, vajra). Vajra (PIE root: *weǵ-, English descendants: watch, wake, vigor, vigil) is seen by Buddhists as variously a thunderbolt or diamond, symbolising extreme hardness/power/indestructibility, and by semantic ...


5

The original character for the meaning gas, atmosphere is 「气」, while using 「氣」 for this meaning is strictly a phonetic loan. 「氣」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*qʰ(r)ə[t]-s/) originally meant gifting food to someone, comprised from semantic 「米」 (rice) and phonetic 「气」 (/*C.qʰəp-s/). This word is now written as 「餼」. 「气」 was originally a picture of thin clouds. 商甲前7.36....


5

In short, for disambiguation, at least oral disambiguation. Most of the words in Old Chinese are monosyllabic words. However, when it comes to oral speech, it is too ambiguous to use. As time went by, we developed Modern Chinese, which encourages the usage of disyllabic words, for oral disambiguation. In oral speech, the monosyllabic word "dōng" ...


5

「缺」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*Nə-[k]ʷʰˤet/, to damage/break vessels [pots, dishes, urns, etc.] > flawed, deficient, lacking) is comprised of semantic 「缶」 (clay jar) and phonetic 「夬」 (/*[k]ʷˤret-s/). That is, the phonetic component 「夬」 originally matched the pronunciation of 「缺」 much better, and this match occasionally survives in other characters like 「決」. 「夬」 ...


4

The top part of 「益」 is just a 「氺」 (水) rotated 90 degrees. 秦簡12.47睡虎地秦簡篆皿部說文解字東漢隸華山廟碑 楷  秦簡25.46睡虎地秦簡篆水部說文解字東漢隸郙閣頌 楷  This makes the top part of 「益」 just a variant of 「水」. Predictably, the character 「㳑」 is the variant with more standard components, although this character itself is not standard. Normally, a search for a list like the one in the question ...


4

Outlier FORM 你 consists of 尔 (a shorthand form of 爾 “you”), and 亻 (person), indicating the original meaning “you.” 尔 also gives the sound. [Reference, p. 1253] COMPONENTS 亻 In 你, 亻“person” is a meaning component, indicating “having to do with people.” 尔 In 你 nǐ, 尔 ěr is both a meaning component and a sound component. It is shorthand for ...


4

They're one-letter abbreviations for different standards, because some characters appear differently in different standards. From https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Template:Han_char#Notes: G = the PRC and Singapore standard (referring to Table of General Standard Chinese Characters 通用規範漢字表); H = Hong Kong, referring to List of Graphemes of Commonly-Used ...


4

This question is a tautology - of course you would write the written character and not the printed character! The written characters and printed characters nowadays are both typeface/font variations of Regular Script (楷書), originally a style written using a calligraphy brush, and which is what that stroke diagram shows: Regular script font ...


4

If you look carefully the components are different: 爰 vs. 爱 爱 has a 冖 where 爰 is just a 一. The Outlier dictionary gives us the origins of 暖: COMPONENTS 日 In 暖, 日 “the sun; light; period of time” is a semantic component. 爰 In 暖 nuǎn, 爰 yuán is a sound component. We can compare it with Outlier's entry for 愛: FORM 愛 was ...


4

The right part of 暖(nuǎn) is 爰(yuán) and it's not 爱 or the traditional form 愛. In ancient Chinese, 爰 is a kind of pronoun, like "where/which". And it also has other meanings, one is "to change". But if you saw "爰爰" in ancient articles it meant "leisurely". Technically, there is few relationship between 暖(or 爰)/爱(愛). Or one can say by force, they have the ...


4

recent studies called them components (部件). there're 1300+ basic component: http://chardb.iis.sinica.edu.tw/system_intro.jsp


4

There are multiple ways to decompose Chinese characters: Decomposed into the different... Approximate English analogue Example historical character combinations etymology 有 ← 𠂇 + ⺼ components orthography (morphemes) 有 ← 𠂇 + 月 components orthography (letters) 有 ← (一 + 丿) + (二 + 冂) strokes strokes 有 ← (一 + 丿) + (一 + 一 + 丨 + 𠃌) etc The "etymology&...


4

According to 《通用规范汉字表》("General Standard Chinese Character Table"), "左部件或左上部件末笔为横的,应该变形为提"(The end stroke of the left part or the upper left part is horizontal character stroke(横), it should be changed upwards character stroke(提)). "骑" meets this condition. "马" is its lest part, the last stroke is horizontal character ...


4

Seeing as all the other answers are getting downvoted - I'll just leave this short reference here: Outlier FORM 款 kuǎn was originally composed of 柰 nài (now written 𰧭) and 欠 “person with their mouth open,” which hints at the original meaning “to desire something that one does not have.” 柰 gave the sound (but for the reading kuài). COMPONENTS 𰧭 In 款 kuǎn, �...


3

「聞」(Baxter-Sagart OC: /*mu[n]/) is comprised of semantic「耳」(ear) and phonetic「門」(/*mˤə[r]/), indicating the meaning to hear. For example,「新聞」means news (literally meaning new information passed on by hearing/reading/etc.) 「門」does not play a meaning role in「聞」. For that matter, it does not play a meaning role in「問」, either. To smell is a semantic ...


3

you may try the 拆字字典: http://www.kaifangcidian.com/han/chaizi eg: 【彎】 wan1 〖絲 言 弓 彎〗〖糹 言 糹 弓 彎〗 http://www.kaifangcidian.com/han/chaizi/彎 have fun :)


3

It is true, here is an example 泪 This character is composed of 氵 and 目,which represent water and eye respectively, and the character means tear! In more traditional writings, this would become more obvious. In fact, if you look at ancient writings, you will find out that Chinese origins from actual drawing of stuff around us.


3

There doesn't seem to be much relation between「寨」and「塞」, although it takes some evidence to demonstrate why this is the case. Firstly, the reason why many dictionaries say that「寨」is「塞」plus「木」is because「塞」is popularly but very likely mistakenly interpreted as the modern character for what was originally「賽」. The evolution of「賽」from oracle bone script to ...


3

You need to do some linear thinking to understand the extended meaning of a word 下雨天时 --> 空气潮湿 --> 东西发霉 When it rains --> the air turn humid --> things get moldy Edit: According to this story, 倒霉 was originally written as 倒楣 But we can still interpret 倒霉 as 倒运, 霉运 = bad luck / unlucky 霉运 = 烂运, 坏运 -- things get moldy (霉) will turn rotten /bad (烂/ ...


3

《說文・彳部》   隱行也。从「彳」,「𣁋」聲。 「微」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*məj/), to travel [somewhere] under stealth. From semantic 「彳」 (to walk) and phonetic 「𣁋」 (/*məj/). Strictly speaking, 「微」 is just a complexified character from 「𣁋」. Characters naturally become more complex over time for disambiguation purposes, as simpler characters tend to be used and reused for other ...


3

秦璽印 篆 東漢隸 楷 「李歀」十鐘山房印舉3.34 欠部說文解字・或體 80甲武威醫簡 「款」 was originally written as 「歀」, and the reference in 李學勤《字源》 claims that 「款」 was constructed for a sound like /*kʰʷraːds/ (Zhengzhang OC), making 「柰」 (/*naːds/) the sound component. 「款」 was later used for /*kʰloːnʔ/ (Mandarin Pinyin: kuǎn), and 「柰」 was later corrupted into 「⿱士示」. 「款」 (empty/hollow [now ...


3

時期字體 字形 參考資料 商甲 後2.22.16合集28058 西周金 大盂鼎集成2837 西周金 散氏盤集成10176 戰國・秦石刻文 詛楚文 楷 「邊」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*pˤe[n]/, borders [e.g. of a political territory or geographical region]) was originally constructed from semantic 「自」 (from, beginning of [a location]) and phonetic 「丙」 (/*praŋʔ/). To clarify, 「自」 (from) is used to indicate that A political territory ...


2

I remember reading somewhere that it's a pictograph of the steam or vapor 气 coming from boiling rice 米. But here's what wiktionary says about its etymology: Original form of 餼/饩 ("to present rice as a gift"), which is from the same source as 乞 ("to endow, to beg"). Current meaning came from phonetic loan. Cognate with 愾/忾 ("anger, hatred").


2

Naïve visual decomposition does not work for a lot of the time, so I’ll just demonstrate some examples. Firstly, your own: 做 is comprised of 作 and 攵. 乍 was graphically corrupted into 古, but that’s not it’s original form. 作 is in turn decomposable into 亻 and 乍. 你 is decomposable into 亻and 尔. 吃 is decomposable into 口 and 乞. 乞 is not decomposable; the way you ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible