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12 votes
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Is the right componet of 龍 related to 弱?

No, they're not related. The right side of 「龍」 appearing similar to a reflected version of a part of 「弱」 is a coincidence, and is an artefact of seal script shapes. 「龍」 was originally a picture of a ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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11 votes
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What’s the difference between 円 and 月 as character components?

円 and 月 are both graphical corruptions. The original form of the character did not have those components. 靑/青 was originally comprised of 屮 (sprouting plant) and 井, which gave the sound. The bronze ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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11 votes
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Is there any sun 日 in 昌?

時期字體 字形 參考資料 商甲 甲185合集19924 戰國・燕古幣 108古幣文編 戰國・晉璽印 959古璽彙編 秦簡 日甲119睡虎地秦簡 篆 日部說文解字 楷 「昌」 (early morning call, e.g. to the day's labour) is comprised of semantic 「日」 (sun) on top of semantic 「...
dROOOze's user avatar
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9 votes
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Meaning of early written versions of 地 and etymology?

「地」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*[l]ˤej-s/, ground) is comprised of semantic 「土」 (picture of a lump of dirt) and phonetic 「也」 (/*lAjʔ/). This structure is found relatively late, derived from a graphical ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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8 votes
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Origin of double phonetic component 静

Indeed, 「靜」 (Zhengzhang OC: /*zleŋʔ/, calm/quiet) is a phonetic loan character, and both its components 「青」 (/*sʰleːŋ/) and 「爭」 (/*ʔsreːŋ/) are phonetic components. Unfortunately, the inscription ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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7 votes

What does 尔 really mean?

There are many resources which "decompose characters", but most of them do not give any insight as to how Chinese characters actually work in relation to the language, and looking at these ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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7 votes
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What does rain 雨 have to do with mold 霉 and bad luck?

《說文・黑部》 黴,中久雨青黑。从黑,微省聲。 「黴」 (Zhengzhang OC: /*mrɯl/), blackening from being afflicted by prolonged rain. From semantic 「黑」 (black) and reduced phonetic 「微」 (/*mɯl/). The character 「霉」 (mould, ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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6 votes

Meaning of early written versions of 地 and etymology?

The first two (and the "Shizhoupian script" one) are 墬 in the 隶定 (transcription in modern type of characters component by component) , and this character (墬) was now considered as ancient ...
Ciccione's user avatar
6 votes

Why is 钾 (jiǎ) the Chinese character for potassium?

It’s transliterated from Latin kalium, the first syllable. To avoid confusion in symbols, please note k in Latin is /k/ in ipa and g in pinyin, voiceless but unaspirated. The pinyin k is voiceless and ...
lilysirius's user avatar
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6 votes

Are there any datasets or spreadsheets that contain the most popular Chinese characters and their components?

Make me a Hanzi This database dictionary.txt gives the decompositions of characters into components: {"character":"侈","definition":"luxurious, extravagant",&...
Becky 李蓓's user avatar
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6 votes

Are there any datasets or spreadsheets that contain the most popular Chinese characters and their components?

I created a Chrome extension that can track how frequent the word/character is used based on the Chinese websites you frequently read or visited If you need to access the database, press F12 and then ...
Michael Buen's user avatar
5 votes

Why was the rice component added to 气 to form 氣?

The original character for the meaning gas, atmosphere is 「气」, while using 「氣」 for this meaning is strictly a phonetic loan. 「氣」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*qʰ(r)ə[t]-s/) originally meant gifting food to ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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5 votes
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What is the meaning of 刚 in 变形金刚?

「剛」originally meant unyielding/stubborn/strong. 金剛 is a traditional phrase which is also used to translate a Buddhist word from Sanskrit (वज्र, vajra). Vajra (PIE root: *weǵ-, English descendants: ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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5 votes
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If 冬 in itself means winter, why add 天?

In short, for disambiguation, at least oral disambiguation. Most of the words in Old Chinese are monosyllabic words. However, when it comes to oral speech, it is too ambiguous to use. As time went by,...
Victor's user avatar
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5 votes
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Explanation of character decomposition for 缺

「缺」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*Nə-[k]ʷʰˤet/, to damage/break vessels [pots, dishes, urns, etc.] > flawed, deficient, lacking) is comprised of semantic 「缶」 (clay jar) and phonetic 「夬」 (/*[k]ʷˤret-s/). ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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5 votes
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Does this character 𡗗 have a meaning?

A first reminder: Chinese characters represent Chinese morphemes; In addition to meaning, Chinese morphemes overwhelmingly have one-syllable sounds as a core part of their property; As character ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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5 votes

Are there any tools for combining multiple radicals into a single character?

The closest thing I can think of 字统 is https://zi.tools. (There's also 字海 http://www.yedict.com which you cannot search Ideographic Description Character sequence and GlyphWiki which I trust much less....
lilysirius's user avatar
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5 votes
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船 composed of characters for vessel, 8, and person?

Unfortunately the glyph origin is not correct. It seems like the method you are using is more aligned into the "break every component down into parts you can recognize" way of memorizing ...
prismcool's user avatar
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4 votes
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What does "GHTJK" stand for in this part of a Wiktionary: entry: "...composition ⿸丆卜(GHTJK) or ⿻丆"

They're one-letter abbreviations for different standards, because some characters appear differently in different standards. From https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Template:Han_char#Notes: G = the PRC ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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4 votes
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How do I understand Ni (you) character correctly?

Outlier FORM 你 consists of 尔 (a shorthand form of 爾 “you”), and 亻 (person), indicating the original meaning “you.” 尔 also gives the sound. [Reference, p. 1253] COMPONENTS 亻 In 你, 亻“...
Mou某's user avatar
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4 votes

How can I get a list of all the characters containing the "flowing water" component that is in 益?

The top part of 「益」 is just a 「氺」 (水) rotated 90 degrees. 秦簡12.47睡虎地秦簡篆皿部說文解字東漢隸華山廟碑 楷  秦簡25.46睡虎地秦簡篆水部說文解字東漢隸郙閣頌 楷  This makes the top part of 「益」 just a variant of 「水」. Predictably, the character 「㳑」...
dROOOze's user avatar
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4 votes

Chinese character decomposition

Chinese characters were originally unique pictographic symbols depicting more or less the concept of the words they stood for. Over time as the written language evolved, many of these symbols were ...
大胳膊雅各布's user avatar
4 votes
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How do I know whether to write the written character or printed character?

This question is a tautology - of course you would write the written character and not the printed character! The written characters and printed characters nowadays are both typeface/font variations ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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4 votes
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What's the relationship between 暖, 爱 and 愛?

If you look carefully the components are different: 爰 vs. 爱 爱 has a 冖 where 爰 is just a 一. The Outlier dictionary gives us the origins of 暖: COMPONENTS 日 In 暖, 日 “the sun; light; ...
Mou某's user avatar
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4 votes

What's the relationship between 暖, 爱 and 愛?

The right part of 暖(nuǎn) is 爰(yuán) and it's not 爱 or the traditional form 愛. In ancient Chinese, 爰 is a kind of pronoun, like "where/which". And it also has other meanings, one is "to change". But ...
Hao FU's user avatar
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4 votes

Chinese character decomposition

recent studies called them components (部件). there're 1300+ basic component: http://chardb.iis.sinica.edu.tw/system_intro.jsp
水巷孑蠻's user avatar
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4 votes

When 马 is used as the left component (e.g. in 骑), does the 一 héng stroke change to ㇀ tí?

According to 《通用规范汉字表》("General Standard Chinese Character Table"), "左部件或左上部件末笔为横的,应该变形为提"(The end stroke of the left part or the upper left part is horizontal character stroke(横), ...
T-Pioneer's user avatar
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4 votes
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Glyph origin of 款

Seeing as all the other answers are getting downvoted - I'll just leave this short reference here: Outlier FORM 款 kuǎn was originally composed of 柰 nài (now written 𰧭) and 欠 “person with their mouth ...
Mou某's user avatar
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4 votes
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Glyph origin of 邊/边

時期字體 字形 參考資料 商甲 後2.22.16合集28058 西周金 大盂鼎集成2837 西周金 散氏盤集成10176 戰國・秦石刻文 詛楚文 楷 「邊」 (Baxter-Sagart OC: /*pˤe[n]/, borders [e.g. of a political territory or geographical region]) was originally ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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4 votes
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how hé is phonetic component for jiē?

How the pronunciation is related We need to view this in a diachronical way. It's enough in this case to go as back as Middle Chinese. The sound for the two characters in Middle Chinese are as follows:...
lilysirius's user avatar
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