6 votes
Accepted

Other meaning of 一顿 besides relating to meals

In Taiwan, according to dictionary owned by Ministry of Education. 一頓 means: 表示數量,一次、一回。 (Denote quantity, one session.)
000's user avatar
  • 1,617
6 votes

What’s the difference between 吃上饭 and 吃下饭?

Without context, you can only break down the phrase into word types and follow the grammar rule to interpret it literally 吃(verb: eat) + 上(verb particle: successfully/ able to)+ 饭(noun: meals) 吃上饭 = ...
Tang Ho's user avatar
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5 votes

Is 好 acting as verb complement or adjective in 我穿好衣服了?

Is it a complement for the verb 穿 meaning "the act of putting on has finished"? That's exactly that. You can consider it as "done, have completed something". Following are some ...
Li Wang's user avatar
  • 191
5 votes

What is the difference between the potential complement phrases 得了 and 得到?

Your question is about the relationship between potential complement (得/ 不) and the result complement 了 and 到 了 indicates an action is completed 到 indicates an action is successful 在多倫多也吃(得到)正宗川菜 - ...
Tang Ho's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

What is the function of 得 in words like 覺得、記得、顯得、值得、懂得、免得、認得…?

得 can be used as a complement that helps indicate completion or consequence of the action (preceding verb). Its use is traceable to classical Chinese (see 10th entry here): 十三學得琵琶成,名屬教坊第一部。《琵琶行》 By ...
L Parker's user avatar
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4 votes

What’s the difference between 吃上饭 and 吃下饭?

忙了一天我终于吃上饭了 -> i finally managed to eat after a busy day this emphasises being able to. 我心情不好,吃不下饭 -> i'm not in the mood to eat 下 emphasises "down" the minimum requirement of eating ...
lk9100's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Is it possible to combine 起来 and 住在?

住起在 and 住在起 are both ungrammatical. It is either 住起来(upon living) or 住在(live in). You can write "住在这个房子讓我很不舒服" - " living in this house make me uncomfortable" But you cannot add 起来 ...
Tang Ho's user avatar
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3 votes

What's the meaning of 上 in 你还自恋上了?

Here 上 marks the entry into a state, the state of 自恋. Without 上 it could also mean that the person entered the state of 自恋, because 了 at the end of a sentence has the meaning of 'change of state'. But ...
Starckman's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

How do 用不起 / 用得起 and 吃不起 / 吃得起 mean (un)affordable?

In China, we more of use this as a fixed phrase for (cannot) afford. For example, we would use 吃不起 or 用不起 or 买不起 to show that we cannot afford to eat/use/buy something. The simple logic is this: -得起 ...
Ivan Yuan's user avatar
  • 191
3 votes
Accepted

Complements of degree that aren't extreme?

Let's take a look of the first example: 高兴得不得了 The first 得 is a structure of emphasis. It can be translated into English structure "So A that B": "So 高兴 that 不得了(了)". Literal meaning of “不得了” is ...
River's user avatar
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3 votes

Difference between Verb + 不了 and Verb + 不动

不 in 走不动 is a potential particle. There are only two potential particles. one is 得(able to), the other is 不 (unable to) 走动 is a verb for 'walk around' or 'move around' and you can see it as [走 (verb)]...
Tang Ho's user avatar
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3 votes

Difference between Verb + 不了 and Verb + 不动

This dictionary definition of 了 could help: 了 /liǎo/ 动词 跟“得”或“不”组合用在动词后面,表示可能或不可能 干得了 / 去得了 / 这病好不了。 So, according to dictionaries, 不了 means something is impossible to achieve. E.g. 结束不了 (can't ...
dan's user avatar
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3 votes

Difference between 我一句汉语也没听懂 and 我一句汉语也听不懂

我一句汉语也没听懂: I may know some Chinese, but I don't understand what's been said. 我一句汉语也听不懂: I know nothing about Chinese, so I can't understand anything that's been said.
michelle2014's user avatar
3 votes

Is 到 in 他白到耀眼 a Coverb Or Just A Verb?

到 after an adjective is a degree particle that indicates "to what degree the adjective reaches" Example: [adjective] [degree] --> [白] [耀眼] [adjective] [to the point of] [degree] --> [白]...
Tang Ho's user avatar
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2 votes

Difference between 我一句汉语也没听懂 and 我一句汉语也听不懂

(1) 剛來中國時,我一句漢語也沒聽懂 When I first arrived in China, I wasn't even able to understand a word of Chinese. This sentence is slightly unidiomatic when used by itself in Chinese, and would more commonly ...
dROOOze's user avatar
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2 votes

Difference between 我一句汉语也没听懂 and 我一句汉语也听不懂

(1)刚来中国时,我一句汉语也没听懂。 (2)刚来中国时,我一句汉语也听不懂。 (2) is idiomatic, meaning when I just came to China, I don't understand a single word of Chinese. (1) sounds odd in the context you made because 我一句汉语也没听懂 ...
dan's user avatar
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2 votes

Difference between Verb + 不了 and Verb + 不动

V + 不了 This potential complement usually describes something that you generally can't because of an external factor out of your control. 没有办法! 我的腿受伤了,所以我走不了 "I can't walk because my leg is ...
blackgreen's user avatar
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2 votes

Complements of degree that aren't extreme?

You can say 相当~ to say “very”, but not to an extreme. It’s something like “bastante” in Spanish. 这盘炒饭相当美味。 This plate of fried rice is (substantially) very delicious. You could also say 实在, which ...
Axel Tong's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Degree complement and using 那么

她哭得那么多了 You have misused the complement. We say: 她哭得那么伤心。 她哭得很厉害。 If you want to express she has cried many times, then you should say 她哭过很多次了. So, your issue is 多了 isn't a correct complement for 哭....
dan's user avatar
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2 votes

What's the meaning of 上 in 你还自恋上了?

上 here means: 表示动作开始并继续(the action starts and continues) e.g. 大家又聊上了。
dan's user avatar
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2 votes

Difference between resultative complement and complement of state

@Rafael_DD gives a very good start! V+得: we call this 状态补语 and 程度补语 As 状态补语, it does describe a result state. Like 我跑得很累。我把杯子打得粉碎。 As 程度补语, it describes the action. Like 急得要死。跑得很快。 V+adj.: adj. can be ...
lilysirius's user avatar
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2 votes

Difference between resultative complement and complement of state

Usually, you can't change them. 得 is a link between an adverb and a verb. For example, if you're trying to say "he runs well", then you are using "well" to describe "run"....
Rafael_DD's user avatar
  • 101
2 votes

What is the difference between the potential complement phrases 得了 and 得到?

First to mention that "了" has the following pronunciations - liào,liǎo,le. This answer will concentrate on the latter two. 了 (liǎo) - as in 不得了: 他自小就聰明的不得了 - He has shown his intelligence/...
r13's user avatar
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2 votes

Is 到 in 他白到耀眼 a Coverb Or Just A Verb?

到.... I know it means to the extent of. Yes, you are almost there. My interpretation is: 他白到耀眼(的程度) - His whiteness (has reached the extent of) dazzling the eyes.
r13's user avatar
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2 votes

Why is 每天到深夜都忙 wrong?

到(time)都(predicate) can only be used when the predicate describes a state, not an action. Compare: 他每天都学习到深夜 (correct) 他每天到深夜都学习 (incorrect) 他每天到深夜都在学习 (correct) 他每天都在学习到深夜 (incorrect) Another group: ...
user2249675's user avatar
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1 vote

What is the function of 得 in words like 覺得、記得、顯得、值得、懂得、免得、認得…?

得 in chinese means own, get, achieve. like: 得到 获得 取得 But in most words, 得 is just a modal particle and does not have a real meaning. like: 覺得 (觉得):Think/Suppose/From One's Options. Example: ...
Willin Wang's user avatar
1 vote

What is the function of 得 in words like 覺得、記得、顯得、值得、懂得、免得、認得…?

得 verbal particle used to express potentiality or to indicate a result or an extent Example: '得'(can/ able to) in '聽得到'(can hear) is a [potential particle]. The other potential particle is '不'(...
Tang Ho's user avatar
  • 78.8k
1 vote

What’s the difference between 吃上饭 and 吃下饭?

吃下饭:eat 我们还可以在电影开始前去外面吃下饭。 We can have dinner before the film starts. 吃上饭: have something to eat, however meagre, as opposed to nothing at all 他们已经四五天没吃上一顿像样的饭了。 They haven't had a decent meal in four ...
Pedroski's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

What's the meaning of 上 in 你还自恋上了?

Oh oh, 郑爽 is in trouble with her big mouth! 烦死了! 上:(probably): getting 你还自恋上啦! You're getting narcissistic! Maybe you could rewrite as: 你还开始自恋了。
Pedroski's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Is 羞辱 a kind of verb after which you put two objects?

In Chinese grammar, 一番 here is 数量短语. (not sure the correct translation of 数量短语, but literally it could be a numeral phrase). 一 is 数词(numeral) and 番 is 量词(measure word), so 一番 together is 数量短语. One ...
dan's user avatar
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