6 votes

What’s the difference between 吃上饭 and 吃下饭?

Without context, you can only break down the phrase into word types and follow the grammar rule to interpret it literally 吃(verb: eat) + 上(verb particle: successfully/ able to)+ 饭(noun: meals) 吃上饭 = ...
Tang Ho's user avatar
  • 78.2k
4 votes
Accepted

Is it acceptable to omit 来 in 起来 as a direction complement?

起 (用在动词后,表示动词的趋向): hold high the flag; raise the flag; 举起旗子 take up arms; 拿起武器 As you can see, the verb should be followed by 起 when there is an object at the end, for example ...
dan's user avatar
  • 24k
4 votes

What’s the difference between 吃上饭 and 吃下饭?

忙了一天我终于吃上饭了 -> i finally managed to eat after a busy day this emphasises being able to. 我心情不好,吃不下饭 -> i'm not in the mood to eat 下 emphasises "down" the minimum requirement of eating ...
lk9100's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
Accepted

What's the difference between 出来/起来?

The result particle 出来 indicates "come out / release" 哭出来 means "let out the crying/ actually cry" (not withholding the action) ~ The result particle 起来 indicates "raise/ ...
Tang Ho's user avatar
  • 78.2k
4 votes

What Does It Mean When 过来 Indicates A Return To Normal State?

Quote:- Indicates a return to normal state? It actually means a transformation to a new state. In this case, a "new state of understanding" Let me elaborate. When you tell someone to 过来, it ...
Wayne Cheah's user avatar
  • 3,667
3 votes

Why 上 of 拉上 is used to express about "Closing a curtain"?

There's many ways to use "v. + 上" in Chinese that don't obviously relate to the up direction: 关上电脑 (to close [turn off] the computer) 闭上眼睛 (to close [one's] eyes) 戴上口罩 (to wear [one's] ...
Becky 李蓓's user avatar
  • 16.2k
3 votes
Accepted

Understanding the structure of 是谁打电话过来呢

This sentence has an abbreviated 的 in 是誰打電話過來的呢. 是~的 is a very common construction that you must remember; it is used for emphasis. In your sentence, you would like to emphasise who called. Basically, ...
L Parker's user avatar
  • 5,605
3 votes
Accepted

What’s the difference between 起来 and 上?

[action verb + 起来] does indicate beginning of an action, e.g. 动起来 = start to move; 打起来 = start to fight [verb + 上] doesn't indicate beginning of an action, it indicates 'action toward an object' e.g. ...
Tang Ho's user avatar
  • 78.2k
2 votes

Understanding the structure of 是谁打电话过来呢

[是谁] = [(it) is who] 打 = dials 电话 = phone [打电话] = [makes phone call] 过 = over 来 = toward here [过来] (verb particle indicates the direction of the verb) [呢?] (particle indicate a question, but not a yes ...
Tang Ho's user avatar
  • 78.2k
2 votes
Accepted

Extended use of the Complement of direction and 把。

You cannot apply 把 to a verb phrase with potential particle because 把 is a dispositive marker. A dispositive marker marks an object to be disposited of by a verb. For example: in (把)他趕走. the object(他) ...
Tang Ho's user avatar
  • 78.2k
2 votes

What's the meaning of 聊起 in 马小姐正在和她的好朋友李太太聊起这个男人的事情

聊起這個男人的事情 and 聊到這個男人的事情 have the same meaning, so that I think 聊起 is more like 「TALK ABOUT」 instead of 「START TO TALK」. 这不,马小姐正在和她的好朋友李太太【開始】聊起这个男人的事情。 Add 開始 in this sentence is more like "...
HungYu Chang's user avatar
2 votes

What's the meaning of 聊起 in 马小姐正在和她的好朋友李太太聊起这个男人的事情

It means "to start talking/chatting". 起来 can be used as a direction complement to express that the action has started. As it's common in direction complements, when there is an object, the ...
blackgreen's user avatar
  • 5,452
2 votes

扣里:里 as verbal complement?

in the context of having to tip some ingredients into a previously-mentioned pan. I think you have typo, you mean 锅 Chinese likes to wrap things at both ends, so you get something like: 在 ... 里 入 ... ...
Pedroski's user avatar
  • 18.1k
2 votes
Accepted

Why 上 of 拉上 is used to express about "Closing a curtain"?

My hypothesis about 拉上(pull up) = 關上(close up) is that it was based on the way how things were operated in the past. In the past, the doors and windows were built in such a way that required dragging(...
r13's user avatar
  • 12.6k
1 vote

What's the difference between 出来/起来?

First and foremost, 出来 means come out or go out: 出来,不然我就砸门了! Come out, or I'll bust the door down! Second and also foremost, 起来 means get up, arise, as in 中国国歌 起来! Arise! 不愿做奴隶的人们! Those of you who ...
Pedroski's user avatar
  • 18.1k
1 vote

When should directional complements be used? How come there are many times that they aren't used as in "他们要到上海了"?

Let me put it in this way: 他们要到上海了。 They are about to (要) arrive in Shanghai. This sentence means "they" are already on their way to Shanghai, instead of meaning they are going to ...
Shrinetown's user avatar
1 vote

What’s the difference between 吃上饭 and 吃下饭?

吃下饭:eat 我们还可以在电影开始前去外面吃下饭。 We can have dinner before the film starts. 吃上饭: have something to eat, however meagre, as opposed to nothing at all 他们已经四五天没吃上一顿像样的饭了。 They haven't had a decent meal in four ...
Pedroski's user avatar
  • 18.1k
1 vote

What's the meaning of 聊起 in 马小姐正在和她的好朋友李太太聊起这个男人的事情

Besides "rise", 起, also has the meaning of "start" or "start to..." So, 聊起, in the context of the sentence means "start to talk"
Wayne Cheah's user avatar
  • 3,667

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible