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Ancient Chinese has no concept of the modern-called continents. Instead, they describe the world as a "China-Foreign" system, while China is the centre of the world, and other countries are scattered around China. The name of Asia firstly appeared in China in 1582, on the map Kunyu Wanguo Quantu. The name was translated by Matteo Ricci, assisted by ...


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There have been three major ways of transcribing Pinyin r-: voiced retroflex fricative /ʐ/ voiced retroflex approximant /ɻ/ voiced postalveolar approximant /ɹ̠/ In English-language pronunciation manuals, the first is closer to English measure, the third is the English red across most accents (with the caveat that it is not labialised in Mandarin Chinese). ...


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