Questions tagged [linguistics]

For questions related to Chinese linguistics (the study of language), or terms and terminology used in linguistics.

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5answers
230 views

“What is Standard Mandarin?”, and How was it "Standardized"?

I hope my question is answered / commented upon in the spirit of a dispassionate academic discourse.
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2answers
121 views

汉语里的这种看似而并非纯属口语、平时不跟他字搭配成词的字有特别的名字吗?

据我所观察,以下字均符合这两个条件:一、看似而并非纯属口语(词典作根据),二、平时不跟他字搭配成词。进一步说,在这些字中,很多平时会被其他频率较高的字或词所代替。 且看: 字:蒙(哄骗) 例句:你别蒙我。 字:蒙(胡乱猜测;碰运气) 例句:这球踢进门,全是蒙上的。 字:蒙(糊涂;不清楚) 例句:一上台就蒙了,不知道该说什么好。 字:蒙(昏迷) 例句:被人打蒙了 字:磨(消耗(时间); 拖延) 例句:...
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1answer
99 views

Pronouncing pinyin "ing" (bopomofoㄧㄥ ) as /iŋ/ or /jəŋ/ e.g. in 冰

The book "Sounds of Chinese" gives the surface representation IPA transcription for the word 冰 as /pjəŋ/ and the underlying representation as /piŋ/ (in section 8.1), while the example at 3....
2
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1answer
55 views

Is verbal position used to indicate definiteness in modern Mandarin?

I've taken up reading "Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar" that was printed back in 1981. The book has been a good read so far but I've noticed several instances where the ...
4
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1answer
191 views

Can the 的 particle ever function without "nominalizing"?

From my answer in What is the meaning of 的 in “有一天你会明白的”? and according to Charles N. Li, Sandra A. Thompson - Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar, I believed the function of the particle ...
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2answers
91 views

What is the role of 美國 in "中國向美國報復"?

A discussion arose from this post In ` 向谁说`, does `向` play the same role / have the same meaning as `对`? What is the role of the noun after 向 in "向 + noun + verb"? Is it the object? Someone ...
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2answers
606 views

Why does Mandarin Chinese have a smaller inventory of unique syllables?

From How languages compare with the number of different syllables from all words?, considering the 20,000 most frequent words in each language, Mandarin Chinese has 1274 different syllables (see also ...
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5answers
1k views

What's the difference between classifiers and measure words?

The terms classifier and measure word are often used interchangeably, with the latter being (reportedly) more common in language courses. They both translate to 量词 (literally "measure word") ...
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4answers
616 views

What's the meaning of 虚化 in Chinese linguistics?

I was reading a research paper in linguistics and came across this definition 虚化结果补语。 I'm not sure what the proper English translation would be. There are a couple introductory sentences that ...
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2answers
2k views

What is an “exoactive” Chinese character?

I have noticed that Chinese characters are labelled as “exoactive”, “endoactive”, “exopassive” and “endopassive” on Wiktionary. For example, it says that 娶 (marry) is the exoactive version of 取. I am ...
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1answer
101 views

Does Chinese have an equivalent to Arabic-style praising grammar (translates to 褒贬句)?

Since my native language is Arabic, our 语法 is somehow very strict, but I find the Chinese 语法 somehow flexible. In Arabic we have a certain 语法 structure that is called 褒贬法, translating it into Chinese....
4
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1answer
101 views

Chinese equivalent of eggcorns?

An eggcorn is: In linguistics, an eggcorn is an idiosyncratic substitution of a word or phrase for a word or words that sound similar or identical in the speaker's dialect (sometimes called oronyms)...
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2answers
270 views

How can we translate the term "tone sequence"?

I would like a translation in putonghua for “tone contour” as in “the tone contour of 普通话 is 314” I found two terms: 声调轮廓 from CC-CEDICT 音调曲线 from ABC dictionary Are either (or both?) of these what ...
2
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1answer
121 views

Where was the heartland of the pre-historic Chinese branch of languages (or that of the entire language family)?

About the Indo-European family of languages, a common hypothesis is that it originated in central Asia, somewhere north of the Caspian and/or Black Seas. Do we have any idea where the Sino-Tibetan ...
2
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1answer
130 views

What is the term for alluding to a more formless concept by listing its specific members?

(I only understand Vietnamese, but I guess this phenomenon is an influence of ancient Chinese.) For example, we say "table-chair" to mean furniture, "month-year" to mean time, "land-water" to mean ...