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In my (long) studies I've never come across a formal definition of "definiteness/indefiniteness" specifically used to describe a grammar rule of Mandarin. However the phenomenon you are talking about happens in many languages, and can be explained as stressing a certain element of a sentence by means of syntax (i.e. word order). By rearranging the ...


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You can find the answer in 百度百科 using the key word 语气词 in Baidu search. Here is the quote relevant to your question: 普通话里最基本的语气词实际上只有六个:的、了、呢、吧、吗、啊。其他一些,有的用得较少,有的是因为语气词连用而产生连读合音的结果,例如“啦”是“了啊”的合音。这六个语气词根据在句子里出现的先后次序可以分为三组, It has a table listed all the usages of those 语气词. I can't copy the table from my mobile device. But it has this example 我不会忘记你们的。to ...


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