It's 前途 (qian tu) which has pretty much the same meaning as 前程. Probably a typo in the subtitle or the actor said it differently from the script, the director thought it was fine, but the subtitle comes from the script.
Sorry I couldn't add comments to existing answers, while being pretty good, there are some small mistakes within the existing answer, so I'll post the entire transcript below, feel free to ask me any questions in the comment:
I think the period mark is a typo, the sentence only makes sense without it.
这房子里究竟哪一样(東西)是你挑选的呢 (O) - What (thing) in the house was actually chosen by you?
The punchline is '我太太' (my wife) -- The only thing in the house that was chosen by him was his wife
Listening is indeed mostly a matter of practice and there is little you can do if you have an exam next week. Improving listening ability takes a lot of time and short-term cramming won't help. I'm going to separate this answer into two parts: one short-term and one long-term.
In the short run, you can do a few things to improve your chances of ...
This is a very good question, which I also run into while I was learning English.
My approach to this is to learn 最小的语言单位 (I defined it as a Minimum Language Unit, MLU). I invented that term here, lol. MLU is a minimum language unit that can express something in practice. For example, the single character 向 xiang 4 doesn't mean anything and it's only valid ...
It will come with more exposure. Watch movies/shows, listen to music, talk with people via voice-chat or in person.
One of the ways I trained myself to recognize the tones is to listen to the same tone, but with different sounds.
biao1 shen1 zhong1 ying1 then he2 ma2 qie2 liu2 etc.
I found this was really helpful when trying to become more ...
革:  [v] get rid of; dismiss; abolish
革 = remove (verb)
去 = away (result complement)
功名 = scholarly honour plus official position (noun)
革去功名 means "strip away all titles and government positions
My translation goes like this
Lao Wang replied: "All the furniture was my wife's decision."
I finally couldn't help asking, "Is there anything in the house that was your decision?"
Lao Wang thought for a moment and said, "My wife."
This guy doesn't enunciate clearly enough. Anyway...
...负责人离长 Lǐ Qiáng (maybe 李強) 的观察
？ should be ，
TA should be 他 (TA們 is always 他們 unless you're certain that the people referred to is a group of exclusively female)
One suggestion is to listen to some old stuff because too many slangs, especially Internet slangs in nowadays movies, TV shows and something else. Even senior native speakers in China cannot understand them.
I used to listen to 成语故事 when I was a kid. I believe you can find tons of them online.
The BBC was running a podcast a few years ago, 20th Century China. It's in Mandarin and has 35 episodes in total.
RTHK hosted another Mandarin language show, but not as in-depth as you might would like, rather bite-sized: 中国历史小档案
If you speak Cantonese, they have more detailed shows on Chinese history, e.g. 神州五十年. Check their podcasts list.
I don't play this game, so I could not guarantee the correctness, I just search it for you.
The best way is to experience these mistakes as many as possible. This would have a deep impact on you even hardly forgotten.
There's nothing you need to do with your ears. Just let yourself make more mistakes and then tell yourself never make that again.
Some websites or apps you may need:
https://www.chineasy.com/ All you need. Looks like the best one.
https://www.chinesecharacterart.com/ No audio is a shortcoming
IOS app, not test.
Hope it's helpful
Depending on what region they live in, quite a lot of natives cannot distinguish them very clearly, not only when listening, but also when speaking and typing.
And that's why many Chinese input methods have the function 模糊音 like this:
However, most time this is not a big deal in practice. There are already so many characters sharing exactly same sound ...
Of course, Chinese can distinguish them. But we highly rely on context.
For example, if you say xiàng merely, I have no way to figure out it, 像? 向? 象?
If you have accents, it could be 想, 香, 翔...
However, if you add more words, I will know it, the process is like unconscious pattern matching.
Liu xiang xiang xiang hai zi yi yang xiang jia ...
This is based on @dROOOze's answer, but with more corrections:
(also cleared up some punctuations and tiny bits)
You won't hear any difference in spoken because both are pronounced the same de.
In writing, 他高兴得跳起来 is correct. 他舒服地睡觉 and 他舒服得睡觉 are not idiomatic because they are not a typical Chinese way but English. We'd say 他睡得很舒服 in this case.
As said in a story:
2 men learn Chinese together. One learns by reading Chinese books and listening to Chinese radio broadcasts. The other one found a Chinese girlfriend and told her to teach him Chinese. The latter succeeded.
This shows that doing something you like will let you learn something faster. Try playing your favourite mobile games but instead, ...
It is almost impossible in an official film and television program usually, except that the subtitles are mistyped, or that the foul words are not shown or replaced with the homophones intentionally. But, occasionally I also discover the cases like you said in TV drama subtitles, such as typos, mistyped synonyms. However, subtitles do not match the subtitle ...
Being non-natives, how can I improve myself to differentiate them properly?
I would recommend having a look at the Yoyo Chinese Pinyin Chart. There are plenty of Pinyin charts out there, but this one has videos covering the sounds which English speakers typically find difficult (look for the video icons next to some of the initials, finals, and syllables). ...
If you have only been learning for 5 weeks, you probably just need to listen and practice more. Maybe you could get a textbook with a CD. Read the pinyin while you listen. You can also use electronic flashcards. Have the pinyin on one side, and the character + sound file on the other. Or you could try to write pinyin for characters that you hear, and use ...
Let's be realistic: if you've only spent five weeks learning speaking and listening it is all only going to be gobbledygook. It probably feels pretty frustrating and hopeless at this point. That’s normal.
I would opt to say that the key to your differentiating would be in the finals (韵母) & their combinations with initials (声母).
Taking your first example ...
Even native Chinese speakers sometimes have trouble distinguish similar sounding short phrases without enough context
Both 因緣 and 姻緣 are pronounced /Yīnyuán/ in Mandarin
If I only hear 'Yīnyuán' I cannot be sure it is '因緣', as in '因緣祭會'; or '姻緣', as in '姻緣天定'
漁火 /Yúhuǒ/ and 如火 /Rú huǒ/ are pronounced the same in Cantonese as /jyu4 fo2/
If I only ...
I recommend you watch CCTV-4 (Chinese international). Many of its programs are subtitled in BOTH Chinese and English. Plus, its translation is professional and accurate.
However, these programs are mostly documentaries and shows. I've not found any news program with English subtitle in China.
EDIT: There is a Simplified Chinese subtitled news program on J5, ...
Try your best.
Similar to any language that being "localised", it took "origin" speaker time to adapt in order to understand different slang. E.g. A GB English speaker will have a hard time following Australian English, New Jersey slang, Mississipi slang.
If you watch series from PRC, it is mostly Beijing slang. If you don't understand most of the words ...