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9

Min dialects pronounce 福 as "hok", hence the spelling Hokkien (also spelled Fujian as per Mandarin pronunciation). The translation of Holmes as 福尔摩斯 is neither inaccurate nor ignorant. It has to do with which language/dialect the translator speaks, and in this case, a Min dialect, as pointed out by another user. When a name catches on, it becomes the one ...


8

The term "福爾摩斯" was used in newspapers as a detective example (中國亦有福爾摩斯), as early as 1905. 香港華字日報, 1905-10-25 Title: 香港華字日報, 1905-10-25 = The Chinese Mail Bib ID: NPTCM19051025 Publisher: 香港 : 香港華字日報有限公司 Date Created/Published: 1905-10-25 Page: 7th An article talked about this topic: 福爾摩斯譯名及其他 i edited this answer, with sound files of "...


4

the trimetrical classic (三字經) is extracted from ancient confucianism literatures, in three characters verses. the eight verses in question are derived from 禮記 禮運 父慈.子孝.兄良.弟弟.夫義.婦聽.長惠.幼順.君仁.臣忠十者.謂之人義 if you've some knowledge of confucianism, you can find components of 五倫 from these eight verses: 君臣.父子.兄弟.夫妻.朋友 each one of these have two "人義"; so five ...


3

One of the quotes you give is from David Hawkes, published, translation. It goes as follows: Truth becomes fiction when the fiction’s true; Real becomes not-real where the unreal’s real. You can also consider H. Bencraft Joly's, older, published, translation of the sentence looks like this: When falsehood stands for truth, truth likewise becomes ...


3

Brewitt-Taylor's English translation of San-guo yanyi calls it a "bomb." This was a kind of "signal bomb" 號砲 or 信砲. The earliest real historical record of these seems to have been the Yuan dyansty, as Song Yuanyao's comment notes. Joseph Needham's volume on "The Gunpowder Epic" has a brief mention of the use of these, for instance in the Mongol attack on ...


3

海量 is a pun; a man with the ability to accept others' opinions, and someone who can hold as much liquor as you can pour into him. 淸烈 also, 'purity of heart' and 'strong white (distilled?) liquor' 芳芬 also, 'fragrance = a great reputation' and fragrance = 'well fermented booze'


3

One way is: 书面语 . See http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%B9%A6%E9%9D%A2%E8%AF%AD for more information


3

You touched a sore spot, because there really isn't anything in Chinese that's comparable with Homer's work. The reason, I think, is that in ancient China, history logging is a monopoly business. It's always in the hands of the royal families and their ministers. There might be great story tellers among the common folks, but the literate class just didn't ...


3

穷 shouldn't be taken literally as poverty, instead, it is figurative exhaustion of one's talent; reaching the limit of one's capability. Also I am not sure 振 necessarily means becoming well-known, it could be simply hanging on steadily. Without further context I would interpret the sentence as The poetry he wrote showed no sign of exhaustion, why didn't ...


2

"he who is in a rush shall walk slowly” was translation of a Japanese proberbs, and many of them came from Chinese literatures The idiom 欲速則不達 (If you rush you are more likely not getting there) came from 論語 and the writer was 子路.


2

When lies are made the truth, the truth becomes lies.


2

My English skill is such a hindrance to my expressing my ideas ಥ_ಥ, so I put my answer in Chinese (I think OP can read it since he s able to read 红楼梦ԅ(¯ㅂ¯ԅ)) 确实是开放的问题。 甄士隐梦游至太虚幻境,见此楹联左右悬于门闾,固为所居神祗以自谓而醒人也。幻境于俗人为虚幻,乃不知其所实之人世于神仙亦为虚幻;举世无觅之处既在眼前,则此处亦无本有之人世。 这是我理解的第一层意思。其次才是道德上的劝诫也好,隐喻也罢,甚至是小说内容的暗示。 这样看来就有很多可能的意义了。 首先可以肯定的是,这两句话包含一种观念上的对立关系:在相互矛盾的二元观念分类下,必然,...


2

"福尔摩斯" is not accurate for the pronunciation. That's right. But this is decided by the first two translators for the book in 1902, Ding Huang and Zaixin Zhang. They translated Sherlock Holmes to "休洛克福而摩司", which is really similar to "福尔摩斯". In 1903, "福尔摩斯" was used in a new translated version by Wenming Press. But the reason behind this is untrackable ...


2

i checked briefly, the earliest usage of "砲響" and "砲聲" was in the book 錢塘遺事, by 劉一清 of 元 dynasty. 卷九, on page 49, it recorded the event in 揚州, on 德祐丙子二月二十日, which was march 7th, in the year of 1276. clearly, joseph needham is a marvellous scholar :)


2

since your book is an introduction, i would suggest that the "four main categories" is 經﹒史﹒子﹒集; in sequence: classics - 經 history - 史 masters - 子 collections of belle lettres - 集 the long explanation: in 漢 dynasty, texts were divided into 6 categories, according to the 七略 (~bc 5): 六藝略﹒諸子略﹒詩賦略﹒兵書略﹒數術略﹒方技略 https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/七略 later, in 西晉 (...


1

It is the translation I think is most accurate: 假作真时 - when falsehood is treated as fact 真(亦)假 - fact would (also) be treated as falsehood 无为有处 - where thing doesn't exist is treated as it does 有(还)无 - thing that does exist would (also) be treated as it doesn't ~ When pretense receives credence, even honesty is faked Where vanity ...


1

On Good Reads, the book's authorship is listed as: by Wu Cheng'en, W.J.F. Jenner (Translator), Walther Sell (Editor) W.J.F. Jenner is William John Francis Jenner. His translation is one of three notable English translations done on the work.


1

是...的 is one of several ways to translate English passive into Chinese. Zhang Peiji's book A Course in English-Chinese Translation (張培基英漢翻譯教程, p. 130) gives several examples: The decision to attack was not taken lightly. 進攻的決定不是輕易作出的。 Sir Charles' body was found at the end of the alley. 查爾斯爵士的屍體就是在小道的盡頭發現的。 For the rest, 賜下 means to give (from one in a ...


1

As a native speaker, I find the Chinese translation of the bible very hard to read. :) Here are some tips on understanding sentences ending with 的. 的 as you may or may not know, can be used to create relative clauses. For example, 我看过的电影 (a movie that I have seen). The order is actually the reverse of that in English. Sometimes, we omit the stuff after 的. ...


1

中国戏曲 (Chinese Opera) has been a popular form of entertainment throughout China's history. The major difference between regional Chinese operas is each region use its own local dialect. There are also cultural differences, for example, Cao Cao has a white face paint (indicate villain role) in most regional operas, but not in the opera in his home town region. ...


1

what are the Chinese terms? They are 儒,玄,史,文 Classic (儒學) Daoist and Buddhist Masters, (玄學) History (史學) Belles Lettres (文學) I have trouble understanding the fourth category, since it seems not to include 小說。Would it be lyrics? Poetry? Say 樂府,輔鳥賦, non classic poetry like 楚辭? Different time period had different major form of "Belles Lettres" for ...


1

I think it probably means 四部分類法: 經史子集


1

The Sacred Edict 《聖諭》was first published by order of the Kangxi Emperor in 1670 (there were earlier works, but this was the first with this title). It was published in a revised and expanded version in 1724 by the Yongzheng Emperor called 《聖諭廣訓》There is an article on this in the Chinese Wikipedia. There is also an article in the English Wikipedia under ...


1

得趣 = technical term in Taoism. to find true meaning. Often used for the meaning (or pleasures), that hermits find in their surroundings. 朝退常歸隱,真修大隱情。園林應得趣,巖谷自爲名 Where are you getting the Yang family?


1

詩經 To quote wikipedia: The Confucian school eventually came to consider the verses of the "Airs of the States" to have been collected in the course of activities of officers dispatched by the Zhou Dynasty court... After the officials returned from their missions, the king was said to have observed them himself in an effort to understand the ...


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