16 votes
Accepted

What's the difference between classifiers and measure words?

Yes, there is a slight difference (although it appears there's no complete consensus on this). A classifier, in linguistics (not just in Mandarin), is a word or morpheme used to express that a ...
  • 5,386
12 votes

Is there a difference in meaning between 那年夏天 and 那个夏天

年 is not measure word. It is noun. 那年夏天: the summer of that year 那个夏天: that summer They both refer to a specific summer, but the first one leaves the context on the year, while the second one solely ...
  • 14.8k
10 votes

What does 家 mean in 家医院?

家 is the measurement word for 医院
8 votes
Accepted

Why does the order of 人口 change?

You're right that 口 is one of the measure words for 人, but 人 (people/person) and 人口 (population) are two different words. The word 人口 is mostly used for the population of a city or a country instead ...
  • 14.8k
8 votes
Accepted

What's the correct classifier for `房子`?

All of them are OK to use to classify 房子, it depends on the type of house itself, which one is considered the more adequate. 幢 is preferred when speaking of large and tall buildings 栋 tends to be ...
  • 7,118
7 votes
Accepted

Why is 挺 used as measure word for machine guns?

挺,表数量,用于条状物。 As a measure word, 挺 refers to something that is long. In《太平御览》卷八三五,it says 壶中大钱一千,以通九泉之路,蜡烛一挺,以照七尺之尸。 In modern Chinese, 一挺蜡烛 is no longer commonly used.
  • 3,089
7 votes
Accepted

What does 回 do in 这回事?

回 [6] (measure) time (as used to indicate number of occurrence) [7] (measure) piece (as used for happenings or events) 回 is a measure word for event or occurrence ; 这回事 means "this (piece of) ...
  • 70.9k
7 votes
Accepted

Use of 成 / 乘 number quantifiers in Cantonese

成: one tenth; 10 per cent 乘: multiply; multiplication 一成熟:rare (10% cooked) 三成熟:medium rare (30% cooked) 五成熟:medium (50% cooked) 七成熟:medium well (70% cooked) 全熟:Well done (100% cooked) It is always &...
  • 70.9k
6 votes

Why are measure words sometimes omitted?

Your first two examples are not proper ones, since Chinese grammar do not usually use plural or singular form, 我有房子 could mean "I have a house" or "I have houses" ; 我有孩子 could mean " I have a child" ...
  • 70.9k
6 votes

个 ge usage plus 每 mei

The reason is that 天, 日, 周, 年 are themselves counter words / classifiers (so they don't need an extra one), while 星期, 礼拜, 月 are not classifiers and therefore require a classifier, which happen to be 个 ...
  • 592
6 votes

Chinese countable/uncountable nouns (How do they work? Examples?)

The other answers are absolutely correct – it’s not smart to talk about countable and uncountable nouns in Chinese. However, like many languages, Chinese does have words that express abstract ...
  • 1,736
6 votes
Accepted

Is it permissible to use 个 in any nouns as a measure word?

I would say somehow it's true in informal circumstances. But I don't quite agree with the definition of 个化 above in which 个 as a classifier is going with nouns. When you say 一个车 or 一个房子 alone, it ...
  • 23.8k
6 votes

What's the difference between 顿 and 道 as a measure word for meals?

一頓饭 is one meal whereas 一道菜 is one course or one dish. 這頓豐富的晚餐共有十二道菜。 This sumptuous dinner is made up of twelve courses.
  • 5,691
6 votes
Accepted

Why did my teacher mark down 一把 as a classifier for 手機?

To me, 部 is a formal classifier for 手机. 台 is usually used for a bigger machine, like computer & TV 一台电脑 & 一台电视. 一台手机 doesn't sound quite right to me. 一把手机 is not used in practice for ...
  • 23.8k
6 votes
Accepted

Why is a measure word not required in 一年有三百六十五天?

Some nouns need a classifier, some don't; 月(month) needs one but 天(day) doesn't. 一年有十二個月 - 月(month) needs a classifier 一年有十二個月份 - 月份(month) needs a classifier 一年有五十二週 - 週(week) doesn't need a ...
  • 70.9k
5 votes

Combining noun and measure word

Stop reading that article - it is totally wrong. The issue is that 书 and 书本 are both plural and singular at the same time. Which one it is depends solely on the context. For example, it is plural in ...
  • 4,920
5 votes

Chinese countable/uncountable nouns (How do they work? Examples?)

Chinese doesn't distinguish countable or uncountable. We have unit word in front of almost every noun.
5 votes
Accepted

How to correctly use "多" to say "more than"?

In my opinion, all the measure words, including 年,小时,and etc, work the same way. Let's take 年 for example. 多年 should be used only after numbers x10, like 10, 20, 30, .... For example, 十多年:teens; 20多年:...
  • 23.8k
5 votes

The use of 地 after multiple, related nouns (e.g. “鸡”,“猫”,“狗”地)

跟着她“鸡”,“猫”,“狗”地念起来。 “鸡”,“猫”,“狗”地 here works as an adverbial phrase modifying the verb 念. “鸡”,“猫”,“狗” are basic noun words learnt by a beginner. Imagine the scene her 丈夫 following her reading these ...
  • 23.8k
5 votes
Accepted

Use 個 if the correct measure word is unknown

You should learn those measure word one by one because most of native speakers don't use "個" for every nouns. But sometimes if you forget or don't know the word you should use, most people still know ...
  • 460
5 votes
Accepted

Difference between 一顿饭 and 一碗饭

Your intuition is correct.「頓」and also「餐」are measure word for meals, while「碗」is a measure word for bowls (of rice). Since「飯」refers to both meal and cooked rice, the statement of how much you ate is ...
  • 21.2k
5 votes
Accepted

是个[adj + noun] vs 是[adj + noun]

For apps like Duolingo, the correct answer is the best translation, not necessary any correct equivalent translation. In this case, the authors of the app have decided that Beijing is a big place is ...
  • 13.9k
5 votes
Accepted

Are there other examples of 一辆车 ("a car") vs. 车辆 ("vehicle") and 一匹马 ("a horse") vs. 马匹 ("horse")?

一匹马 --> 马匹 一疋布 --> 布疋 一只猪; 一只牛;一只狗 --> 猪只;牛只;狗只 一块石;一块铅;一块肉 --> 石块;铅块;肉块 一枝枪;一枝竹 --> 枪枝;竹枝 一锭银 --> 银锭 一层楼 --> 楼层 一堆沙 --> 沙堆 一式菜 --> 菜式 一朶花 --> 花朶 一本书 --> 书本 一间房 --> ...
  • 70.9k
4 votes

How to state fractions with units of measurement? (e.g. 0.75 lb, 1.5 lbs, 1.75 lbs, etc.)

1.5 lbs = 一磅半 (only when 'and a half') or 一點五磅 1.75 lbs = 一又四分之三磅 or 一點七五磅 Since 個 is actually a unit itself, there should not be 個 when there are units and should also be used after the number such ...
  • 226
4 votes

How to state fractions with units of measurement? (e.g. 0.75 lb, 1.5 lbs, 1.75 lbs, etc.)

在中文里他们正确的读法是下面这样: 3/4 lb = 四分之三磅 1.5 lbs = 一点五磅 1.75 lbs = 一点七五磅
  • 41
4 votes
Accepted

Is it OK to use 只 (only) when it already uses 只 as a measure word?

"只有20-30万只蜜蜂" is a valid sentence in simplified Chinese. You just have to read the two 只 differently, because they have different meanings. The first "只" in the sentence means "only" in both ...
  • 70.9k
4 votes
Accepted

Are 根 (gēn) and 条 (tiáo) both measure words for 油条 (yóutiáo)?

I think the main reason is that 油条 already includes the character 条, so to avoid double use, we say 一根油条. This is the same as we say 一根面条,一根薯条,一根木条,...
  • 23.8k
4 votes
Accepted

Why does 一幅幅图画, not 一幅图画?

From a previously asked question What does the second "幅” mean in the following sentence? 一幅幅 is short for 一幅又一幅 or 一幅接一幅 (one after another) "一幅幅美丽的山水画" means "one beautiful landscape ...
  • 70.9k

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