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In this case, all of the characters were not even 平声 at all in Middle Chinese, but were all 入声 instead [Wiktionary's IPA]: 夹 (夾) /kˠɛp̚/ 扎 /t͡ʃˠɛt̚/ 击 (擊) /kek̚/ 息 /sɨk̚/ All of the above started with voiceless unaspirated (obstruent) consonants, so are all 阴入 in Middle Chinese. For Standard Mandarin, these reflexes are notoriously ...


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