17

They are synonyms. 总是 places an emphasis on frequency. 他上课总是迟到 = He kept being late for class all the time. 一直 places an emphasis on consistency. 他一直是个好孩子 = He has been a good kid through the years.


14

"above/over the bed" can be translated as "在床的上面" or "在床的上方" without any ambiguity.


13

First, grammars of Chinese and English are totally different, you don't need the preposition like in English. Second, in my opinion, 去 indicates that you start the action of "going to a place",and "到" indicates that you have finished that action, so you "reach a place " or "arrive at a place". An example: 本周二我会坐火车去北京,周三到。 I will go to Beijing by ...


11

在 and 中 are serving two different functions here. The preposition 在 at the start of the sentence indicates where something happens. Meanwhile, the 中 here is technically a noun meaning "the inside", not "middle". It signifies that the link is opened on a new tab page, i.e. *the inside of a tab page". Taken as a whole, then, the Chinese sentence is actually ...


11

A significant difference between Chinese and English is that sometimes the border between a "verb" and a "preposition" is blurred. In your case, both "去" and "到" has the meaning of "go", "go to", "reach", or "visit", and therefore can be used interchangeably. You don't need a preposition if you use a transitive verb to translate "去": 某天我去北京。 = Some day I'...


9

到 more or less means "to arrive (at)," 去 means "go to (someplace)." E.g., 你到18歲才能喝酒。You can drink alcohol, when you are (lit. "arrive at") (the age of) 18. When used together with 去 (e.g., 到马路那边去), it tells someone to go somewhere or do something.


9

Your sample sentence should be "我在我的手机上听音乐" as ChineseHulu.com said.And you actually SHOULD not omit the word "上" in this sentence,or it would be a little bit weird to native Chinese people. "在...上" is a preposition phrase.It can be used on representational target like: 在操场上 -- on playground 在沙发上 -- on sofa And it can be used on abstract target like 在手机上 -...


7

I would suggest you need to add more context such as: 挂在床上 Hanging over the bed or 漂在床上 Hovering (floating) over the bed Even in English above the bed still requires more info to make a complete sentence. I think the context is important here.


7

Chinese and English express this in different ways. Or better yet, English emphasizes the nuance that these mafiosi are of Italian descent but operate in America: Italian mafia in America. The Chinese term 美国意大利黑帮 is just "American-Italian" mafia. Chinese has no proper word for demonym-adjectives, Italian will translate as 意大利人 if it is a demonym denoting a ...


7

If you look for »地下« in the PLC dictionary (where you found your example), you’ll find that it can also mean »on the ground«: »从地下捡起« – »pick up from the ground«. ABC also says 地下 means »(on) the ground«, Guifan says it means »地面上«. And so forth… Nine of the dictionaries I have installed in Plecodict offer this meaning. Two of these nine dictionaries add a ...


7

I live in Hong Kong, and '地下' for us means ground. In buildings, the ground floor is called '地下'. I almost never use the term '地上', however, both sentences are actually fine to use. 碗子掉在地下 means the bowl fell on the floor, whereas 碗子掉在地上 means it's on top or on the floor. I interpret 掉在地下 as something fell to the ground, while I interpret 在地上 when ...


6

Hard to say with which verbs 把 is used most often. However here are some examples to your other question (when to use it). Compare the following example: (1) 我吃了你的鸡蛋汤。 (2)我把你的鸡蛋汤吃光了。 The meaning is "I ate your egg soup" in both cases. However, in the first case the emphasize is on eating the soup while on the second one it's about the result of the soup ...


6

The referring prospective is different between 地上 and 地下. 地上 is referring from the prospective of the ground or the current position of the object. The object is above the ground (without describing the direction). E.g. 碗在地上/ 地上有個碗 地下 is referring from the prospective of the original position of the object along with it's direction/movement. The direction ...


5

根据 is more formal, and preferably used when speaking about doing something according to some serious guidelines. Like following a law. 按照 is less formal, and can be used when doing something according to some less serious guide. Like following a person's idea. Examples 根据新法律上的规定,小学老师都必须.. In accordance with the new law, all elementary school teachers must....


5

There may not be a definitive way to convey these differences. "在床上" is "on the bed", to really eliminate the ambiguity, you could say "就在床面上" ("right on the surface of the bed") or "就在床单上" ("right on the sheets of the bed"). And use "在床的上方" to say "above the bed", or more specifically, "就在床上方的空气里" ("right in the thin air above the bed").


5

I am a native Chinese speaker. We say "住这样的房子" or "住在这样的房子里". These two are both correct, and they mean the same thing. "住在这样的房子" sounds wrong to me."住这样的房子里" may be correct but sounds weird. As you may have already known, the time "以前" or "现在" do not affect the form of the verb. Hope this helps!


5

Are you being corrected by Cantonese-speaking people? In Mandarin, I would say 碗掉地上. I rarely hear people say 碗掉地下, although it's correct. The difference between 地上 and 地下 is prospective, like the other answer has mentioned. In Cantonese, people usually say 碗掉地下 or 碗跌落地下 in speaking, 地上 sounds formal. In conclusion, I'd suggest sticking with 掉地上(writing and ...


4

It's touched by the other answers but not as explicit: in Chinese, disambiguation is mostly done by nouns/verbs rather than prepositions. So the answer is to use distinctive verbs depending on the context: 躺在床上(边/面) vs. 挂在床上(边/面/方) vs. 悬在床上(边/面/方). (躺在床上方 is also correct but against idiom.)


4

According to 现代汉语虚词词典: 根据 - (介词) 介绍得出某种论断的依据。介词短语可以修饰主谓短语。 按照 - (介词) 表示动作行为遵从莫一标准。 So, in actuality, the times when they are completely interchangeable (meaning not just that the sentence would make sense, but that it would also have the same meaning) would appear to be relatively rare, even though they translate to roughly the same thing in English. 按照 ...


4

In your example '由' means 'by'. To give you more examples, 发动机是由蒸汽驱动的。 The engine is driven by steam. 这首歌是由歌手自己创作的。 The song is written by the singer himself. 小区里的足球场是由大家共同维护的。 The soccer field in the neighborhood is maintained by the community.


4

中 is in. Open the link in a new tab.


4

有时就连你的父亲也未必信得过,更何况是陌生人。 Sometimes you can't even trust your father, not to mention a stranger. 有时连陌生人你也可以相信,更何况是你的父亲。 Sometimes you can even trust a stranger, not to mention your father. I think even...not to mention would be a proper translation for 连...更何况, 也未必 is just a word indicate that the sentence is negative.


4

You're right that it's not verb serialization, but 去 is still a verb in this sentence. Instead, 怎么走 is the interrogative adverbial phrase that modifies the V+O 去故宫. Consider the sentence structure of a possible answer to the question: 我 骑车 去 故宫。 S Adv. V O The structure needs no explanation. Now replacing the adverbial phrase with an ...


4

I am a bit confused by the 在 in your example sentence, since you don't need it there, 我不在8点起床,我(在?)9点起床。 Frankly, I wouldn't know what this sentence was supposed to mean, if you hadn't provided a translation. If you want to express that something occures at a certain time of the day, e.g. X o'clock, there is no need for 在, just use X点 or X点钟. As for the ...


4

List item You have made a wrong pause in the sentence…… It should be "中国历史学上的|夏、商、周|属于|考古学上的|青铜时代。". It is "in Chinese history". "in Chinese history" = "中国历史学上的"


4

I think the reference is different when we say 地上 or 地下. Reference to a person, you can say 地下有什么东西 because the ground is always under you. Reference to the ground, you can say 地上有什么东西 because things are always above/on the ground. That's why we say 地面上有什么==地上有什么. But 地面下有什么 means what's under the ground. 地面上/下 is clear about the reference(ground), ...


3

It is proper to say "在手机”/“在手机上”, "在" doesn't necessarily mean to be at actual physical location. For your sentence, a better grammar structure should be 我在我的手机上听音乐。In Chinese there is a tendency to put the location preposition as early as possible. In a sentence, in this case, it is right after the subject.


3

"在新标签页中打开" by itself is not a good translation of "open in a new tab". "于新标签页开启", or better "于新页开启", is more neat (though being less "modern"). [1] "在 (place) 中 (action)" / "在 (place) 裡 (action)" is a common translation of "(action) in (place)". It is one of the proper ways to order the ideas in Chinese language construct. "于" in "于新页开启" (or in ...


3

take another example: 在困境中成长, grow up in harsh environment. In this case, it doesn't make sense without the "中" word. 在房间里玩,play inside the room. I think "在...中","在...里" is like splitting the "in"/"inside" word into two part. The "place" is put in the middle.


3

As a verb, 根据 simply means "based on". For example: 根据我的直觉(the basis),他应该是一名教师。 Based on my intuition, he should be a teacher. (direct translation) My intuition tells me that he is a teacher. As a noun, 根据 is the "basis of something". For example: 你表达的只是你个人的看法,完全没有根据。 What you have expressed is just your personal opinion, there is no basis ...


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