18

Brief Answer Q1. The Wiktionary list of characters with the 冫 radical contains the following two characters: 冬, 冭. Where in these characters is the 冫? Are the two lines at the bottom supposed to be the ice radical? Answer: You're right. That's true. Q2. When I look at the entry for 永 in the Chinese dictionary app on my phone (Pleco), then it says that it'...


17

Brief Answers Is it indeed the case that the lower component of 䏍 is different from the lower component of 青? Yes in the etymology sense (the lower component of 䏍 is 肉, and the lower component of 青 is 丹), but it's not necessary to distinguish them in your hand writing – though, maybe some teachers, especially those in Taiwan, encourage you to do so – you ...


15

Same meaning: 崕 = 崖 (ㄧㄚˊ / yá) = cliff; precipice 峰 = 峯 (ㄈㄥ / fēng) = peak; summit 毗 = 毘 (ㄆㄧˊ / pí) = to adjoin; to border on 群 = 羣 (ㄑㄩㄣˊ / qún) = group; crowd 飃 = 飄 (ㄆㄧㄠ / piāo) = to float 鄰 = 隣 (ㄌㄧㄣˊ / lín) = neighbor; adjacent Different meanings: 早 (ㄗㄠˇ / zǎo) = early; morning 旪 (ㄒㄧㄝˊ / xié) = 協 = agreement 吟 (ㄧㄣˊ / yín) = to chant; to recite 含 (...


12

How to look up an entry in 《說文通訓定聲》? 前言 Introduction 一般中文字典的內容是按部首字形分類排列。 《說文通訓定聲》則是依音韻分類排列。 從內容順序來看,作者 朱駿聲 是假設讀者已熟悉字的音韻。 所以,他先列出自創的「古韻十八部」做為「總目」,然後才是各部的內容。 The contents of common Chinese dictionaries are classified and arranged according to the shapes of radicals. 《說文通訓定聲》 is arranged in accordance with phonology. Judging from the order of contents, the ...


12

Things that contain「寺」may be written with「士」in the Taiwanese standard, while other regions (Mainland China, Hong Kong, Korea, and Japan) use「土」. The decomposition listed on that page is based on the Taiwanese standard, but the handwriting animation is based on the Mainland Chinese standard. If you're not learning Chinese from specifically Taiwan, write it ...


11

This radical is called the 双耳旁 or 双二刀, due to it looking somewhat like an ear or the 刀 character. There are actually two radicals depending on whether it's placed to the left or right: 左耳刀 if on the left, 右耳刀 if on the right. The two radicals have different origins and different meanings. http://baike.baidu.com/view/457766.htm The left version is derived ...


10

I feel like this question could elicit subjective and open-ended answers, but here goes anyway ... In Beijing, one of the classes I had was a dedicated 汉字 (Hànzì, Chinese character) class. In it, we were learning the most common radicals, and some word examples that contain that radical. We learnt how, often, the meaning is conveyed by the radical and the ...


9

The radical in 猫 actually comes from 豸 zhi4 (beast), which you can still see in the traditional character 貓. Whereas the radical in 狗 is in fact 犭 quan3. The simplified version of 猫 got the 犭 quan3 radical because of trait reduction and semantic affinity (dog -> beast). If it sounds easier to you, you can think of 犭 quan3 in simplified Chinese as ...


9

For the character"冒",is the top part "日" or "曰"? Neither. 冒 is comprised of simultaneously semantic and phonetic 冃 (mào, hat) and phonetic 目 (mù). The word that both 冃 and 冒 originally represented is now written as 帽. Components are usually added on when the original character is too simple (and so can get confused with something else), or when the ...


8

Install input method tools such as Google Pinyin Windows only type u start to input then type follow to input radicals 丨 shu 竖 一 heng 横 丿 pie 撇 礻 shi 示 衤 yi 衣 But I think most easy way is Ctrl+C,Ctrl+V There is a list of radicals. Find it and copy it.


8

Two notes: 艹 is 4 strokes in Taiwan and Hong Kong only. It is less helpful to think of it as a "traditional"/"simplified" difference, as among other standards which use "traditional characters" (e.g. Korean Hanja), it is also 3 strokes. 歡 does not strictly contain 艹; it is historically written with 卝, commonly known as 羊頭. In modern times, the distinction ...


8

To ask an analogous question about the shapes of the letters in the Latin alphabet: Does the letter "E" contain the the letter "F"? It seems that "E" is just "F" with an extra horizontal line on the bottom. In terms of shapes in the modern script, it is trivially obvious that "E" contains the strokes of "F". What "E" does not contain is any ...


7

As @50-3 has mentioned, the 难 is the simplification of the traditional character 難. Most Chinese characters are phono-semantic compounds (形声字), in which the radical hints at the meaning while the phonetic hints at the pronunciation. In the case of 難, the phonetic component is 堇 while the radical is 隹. In modern Chinese, the pronunciation of 堇 has diverged ...


6

Just adding this to the already answered question to point out a few pertinent things: (1) the question of whether the 月/⺝ as seen in e.g. 能青育 and so on is really 'the same' or 'different' can be answered on many levels; on some levels, those components are the 'same' (because they 'look the same'), on other levels, they are 'different' (because they ...


6

I think your phrasing may be ambiguous, so I'll answer in two ways. If you're asking if characters didn't have a radical and then one was added - thereby changing the character - for classification purpose, then of course the answer is no. If the question is to know whether the "concept" of radical existed, then you can think of it this way: if people had a ...


6

I believe that Chinese characters are born with radicals, but they were not classified by radicals until Shuowen Jiezi. To understand why radicals appeared at that time, we need to know that in the Warring States period (about 475-221 BC), characters between states could be quite different. The First Emperor of Qin (Ying Zheng, known as Qin Shihuang) ...


5

From my experience, knowing the radicals does help to categorise characters in your head and it's somethign you can hold on to. However, I have no learned them in isolation, each time I learn a new word I make sure to look up the word in the dictionary which mentions the radical. I don't think it's helpful to learn 200+ radicals off the bat. For one some ...


5

Chinese native speakers don't treat 田 由 甲 申 甴 电 as related radicals. It is true that those radicals look very similar to each other, but we don't go further than that. We don't have any terms for this phenomenon, because we don't think it is something that needs special attention/study. Here are more examples: 刀 vs 力, 土 vs 士, 己 vs 已 vs 巳, 冂 vs 几, etc. In ...


5

you need to identify the prototype of radicals.for your example,the prototype of辶is走,the ptototype of 扌is手,草for艹,水for氵,冰for冫......,then you just type the prototype and find the radical.


5

Your idea is correct, at least most Chinese people agree with this. But in this case, 辵 is acturally combined of 彳 and 止. 彳 means "walk slowly" or "the step with left foot". 止 means "stop" or "halt". 辵 means "walk one moment and stop the next“. While 彡 means "plume", obviously having no connection with 辵. By the way, only 止 is frequently used in daily ...


5

部首: Radical, used for indexing dictionaries (Shuowen radicals, Kangxi radicals, radicals in modern dictionaries, etc.). 聲符1: Phonetic component. Also called 音符, but 音符 may also mean ‘musical note’. 意符: Semantic component. The famous paleographer Qiu Xigui 裘锡圭2 divides 意符 into two subcategories3: 義符: meaning component (it is the meaning of the component that ...


5

The, new, Outliers dictionary provides some insight as to how 寫 became 写: FORM 写 is shorthand for 寫. The top part, 冖, is a common abbreviation for 宀. The bottom part is a shorthand abbreviation for 舄 (see the diagram below for how that works). which is referenced from: 邵源、邵冠勇,2010《簡化漢字解說》,济南:齐鲁书社 2010年12月第一版。 It also continues: COMPONENTS 冖 In 写, 冖 is ...


5

There are exactly (no exceptions) 214 Kangxi radicals: Any misunderstanding to the number of these probably comes from a confusion to what radicals actually are. Remember that radicals are dictionary headers (部首), used to group characters or words in a dictionary. The Kangxi radicals are similarly used to group entries in the Kangxi dictionary, not any ...


5

You're right and not missing anything, 犬 quan 'dog' is written as 大 da 'big' plus 丶 zhu/dian 'dot'. There are more examples like that, for example, 金 jin 'gold' contains 人 ren 'person' and 王 wang 'king', and 食 shi 'food' also has 人 ren 'person' in it. However, no published dictionary that I know of will list 犬 under 大, or 金 under 人 or 王; in that sense, 犬 ...


5

Since radicals are dictionary headers, "what is the radical of X" is dependent on the dictionary you're looking at. The most internationally-agreed-upon dictionary radicals for Chinese characters would be the Kangxi Dictionary, which lists it under 「工」. Thankfully, most dictionaries have sets of radicals which are derived from the Kangxi list, and ...


4

Actually it depends on what you mean by "radical" which can stand for both "偏旁"(pian1pang2) and "部首"(bu4shou3) in Chinese. They are such ambiguous concepts that even some Chinese teacher can get confused, according to Baidu Baike: “偏旁部首”常常连在一起说,于是有些教师就认为“偏旁”和“部首”是一回事,这是一种误解。偏旁和部首,虽然有某些联系,却是两个不同的概念。 The two concepts are different in that while "部首" only ...


4

As far as I know, all radicals have meaning. The one you are talking about is 阝(fù) and called "Radical 170" (when used on the left, meaning mound or dam) or "Radical 163" (when used on the right, meaning city) while the Unicode dictionary says the radical means 'place'. Given the two examples you listed, it does relate to this meaning. http://en.wikipedia....


4

though part of the right component of the character "旅" & "派" look similar, they've different origin. 旅 (u+65c5) is a character since oracle bone script, that it's composed by 㫃 (u+3ac3), plus 2 人 (u+4eba) 旅 (u+65c5) in oracle bone script: 㫃 (u+3ac3) in oracle bone script: 人 in oracle bone script: then, the character 派 (u+6d3e), according to 說文解字 is ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible