Hot answers tagged

12 votes
Accepted

What's the pronunciation of 不在乎

Dictionaries, in general, will not incorporate tone sandhi rules into their pronunciations (of which Mandarin has quite a few) Wikipedia says the following: Mandarin Chinese Mandarin features several ...
user avatar
  • 34.2k
11 votes

What's the pronunciation of 不在乎

The correct one should be bu2 zai4 hu. Unless there is an emphasis for "NOT" CARE, a 4th tone bu4 is then used, but I rarely hear that as a native speaker. Let's review the tone change rule for 不, A ...
user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

Bigrams ending in third tone where first syllable is second tone vs. third tone

There have been conflicting claims on whether the second tone and the "raised third tone" are distinct, but according to Jerry Norman's 1988 book, Chinese, "Perceptual tests done by Dreher and Lee (...
user avatar
  • 4,315
10 votes
Accepted

Cantonese sandhi

Modern Cantonese is generally considered not to have tone sandhi (in Chinese, 變調, but also more specifically 連續變調), that is to say, changes in the tonal values when in certain phonetic contexts. ...
user avatar
  • 5,638
7 votes
Accepted

Third tone sandhi: when (if ever) does 3 3 become 3 0 instead of 2 3?

"bao3 bao0" is actually not a third tone sandhi here. It is because the tone of second bao3 got neutralized. Usually a second character of a two-character word would get neutralized, I would say ...
user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

How are consecutive neutral tones pronounced? What are the pitch levels?

Zhang and Yang (2007:97) has an interesting remark on consecutive neutral tones within certain three-character words (三字組詞): 輕聲若同時出現在三字組詞的後兩個音節上,第二個音節的輕聲調型要根據第一音節的聲調變化,如同二字組的輕聲音節;但第三個輕聲音節一律都讀得短低,調型向下,...
user avatar
  • 5,455
7 votes

Under the rules for tone sandhi and half 3-rd tones, is it correct to pronounce a (3-3) as (3h- 3h) or it must be pronounced (2-3)?

They are pronounced as 2-3 but only if they are within the same word boundary. If not, they are still pronounced as 3-3. I have given this example before:(一桶)(柳橙)。桶and柳are both third tone. Because ...
user avatar
  • 655
6 votes
Accepted

How is 一举两得 pronounced?

In actual speech (after tone sandhi), two third tones never appear consecutively, whether they are in one word or not. So it should be pronounced as yi4ju2liang3de2 (tone sandhi also happens for yi1).
user avatar
  • 8,655
6 votes
Accepted

What are the real tones in 我给你买?

我给你买 can be break in three parts (called prosodic words), 我/给你/买. Tone sandhi should first be considered with a prosodic word, so 给 should be gei2. Then, at the boundary of different prosodic words, ...
user avatar
  • 8,655
5 votes
Accepted

What happens with tone sandhi with consecutive third tones, e.g. wo3 hen3 hao3?

The classic sentence for multiple tone 3s is “Old Li buys good wine.” 老 李 買 好 酒 In citation form they are all tone 3s, of course: lao3 Li3 mai3 hao3 jiu3 Which ones ...
user avatar
  • 1,726
5 votes
Accepted

Bù kèqi or Bú kèqi: In PinYin, do I write the fourth or second tone with 不客气?

That depends on why you are writing it. The standard, normal way of writing it is to disregard the changed tone and write the original tone, i.e. bù kèqi. The same goes for tone changes of 一 (yī). ...
user avatar
  • 2,960
5 votes

Can bù (不) change its pronunciation to bú?

bù becomes bú when it precedes a falling tone. I don't know -> wǒ bù zhī dǎo I don't do -> wǒ bú zuò
user avatar
4 votes

tone sandhi represented in Pinyin

No, this is not standard Pinyin, if this form of tone sandhi is written out. The author is simply trying to convey what it would look like if written out (instead of retranscribing it with Chao-style ...
user avatar
  • 5,638
4 votes
Accepted

General rule for when 一 is yi1 and when it's yi2/yi4

The rule of thumb is the following. When indexing it is yi1. For example 一楼 (first floor) 一声 (first tone) 第一 (the first) 一次世界大战 (World War I) 一来 (firstly) When counting (the same rule as 不) it is ...
user avatar
  • 2,596
3 votes

What is the proper pronunciation of 等等?

This is a difficult problem to address, because 等等 apparently fits one of the criteria for neutral tone, but at the same time there is tone sandhi for two conjoint third-tone words. The following ...
user avatar
  • 5,455
3 votes
Accepted

What is the proper pronunciation of 等等?

It's pronounced deng2deng3 as in the typical tonal sandhi of two consecutive 3rd tones, like 老板 (lao2ban3). However I wouldn't outright exclude your first suggestion deng2deng0, as it might be ...
user avatar
  • 5,376
3 votes

General rule for when 一 is yi1 and when it's yi2/yi4

真的是个好问题,我原来总结过一些规律,但可能不靠谱。我感觉是根前后字(组合成的那个字)有关。 比如: 一二三四,读1声 一骑绝尘,读2声 (如果骑读作ji4的话) 一马当先,读4声 我发现,除了"一二三四",如果"一"后面跟4声的词,"一"应该读2声,除了上面的例子还有诸如: 一箭双雕,一泄千里,一世英明…… 如果"一&...
user avatar
  • 732
3 votes
Accepted

How to pronounce '蒙古' correctly?

The Pinyin for 蒙古 is written like this in ABC: Mẹ̌nggǔ Notice the dot under the letter E, this is an indicator that this word is read with tone sandhi. The tone sandhi rules dictate that meng3 gu3 ...
user avatar
  • 34.2k
3 votes
Accepted

Should tone sandhi be written in pinyin?

Tone Sandi rule should merely apply to spoken. In written, you should always put original tones in any forms of exams except that those exams are testing the rule itself. In fact, I doubt most of ...
user avatar
  • 23.3k
3 votes

What is the rule for a series of third tones?

The Chinese pinyin system includes three parts: shengmu (initial), yunmu (final), and shenɡdiào (tones), and the tones in Mandarin are very important. Even if the initial and final are the same but ...
user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Tone Sandhi: Sichuanese 四川话

From Chinese Wiki: 连读变调现象在四川话口语中十分常见,但各地略有差异,以成渝片为例,大致来说四川话中的变调可以分为4类。 一是重叠词中的变调,一般而言如果组成该重叠词的字声调为阳平或去声,则第二个字变调为阴平(例词:爸爸[pa2pa1]、婆婆[pʰo2pʰo1]、舅舅[tɕiəu4tɕiəu1]、帕帕[pʰa4pʰa1]);同时,如果组成该重叠词的字声调为上声,...
user avatar
3 votes

How pronunce " 小打小闹 " in 我的一点成就 不过是小打小闹?

As r13 duly mentioned, the expression 小打小鬧 is not an idiom with four consecutive third tones as you asserted. Only the first three (小打小) possess the third tone, while 鬧 is definitely in the fourth ...
user avatar
  • 5,455
2 votes

What's the pronunciation of 不在乎

For purposes of "tonality," Chinese doesn't want to have two words with the fourth tone or third tone "back to back." When this happens, the first word in the series takes the second tone instead. ...
user avatar
  • 2,473
2 votes

Generalize consecutive third tones change rule

(This was originally a part of my answer on another question concerning tone sandhi AND neutral tones. I feel my explanation below on just tone sandhi befits here more. Consider this a slight ...
user avatar
  • 5,455
2 votes

Should tone sandhi be written in pinyin?

Standard practice is not to change the tone diacritics to represent tone sandhi. So bù shì keeps the fourth tone on bù in spite of the pronunciation as bú shì. The same applies to the tones on 一 / yī, ...
user avatar
  • 1,134

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible