Questions tagged [sentence-structure]

Questions concerning the types of words and phrases which are grouped and ordered meaningfully to express a statement, question, or another type of sentence

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3answers
78 views

Why does 喜欢 go before 跟 in 他喜欢跟她在一起?

I am somewhat new to Chinese and was learning “跟”. One of the sentences is "he likes to be with her" and 我的老师 says the correct form is 他喜欢跟她在一起。 Would anyone be capable of breaking down ...
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2answers
40 views

Meaning of 事情并没有想家的那么糟糕

事情并没有想家的那么糟糕。 (1) What is the meaning of this sentence? (2) In “想家的那么糟糕”, please explain to me the function of 的? I do not understand why 的 turns up in that position.
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2answers
57 views

Why is 都 placed after a verb in “什么时候还都可以”?

I found this example: 你拿着用吧,什么时候还都可以。 Nǐ ná zheyòng ba, shénme shíhòu huán dōu kěyǐ. You can have it as long as you want. I am confused about the grammar structure behind 什么时候还都可以 (literally: any ...
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2answers
59 views

Is it possible to combine 起来 and 住在?

I came across the following sentence: 这个房子住起来不舒服。 Zhège fángzi zhù qǐlái bu shūfú. This house seems uncomfortable to live. I think in this sentence, 起来 indicates an initial judgement, i.e. like in ...
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2answers
65 views

Differences between “Verb + Adj”, “Adj + Verb”, “Verb + 得 + Adj” and “Adj + 地 + Verb”?

I am having some difficulties understanding the differences in meaning between the following structures (the examples are from Line dictionary): Verb + Adj e.g: 走快了她会累。 Zŏu kuài le tā huì lĕi. ...
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3answers
120 views

Which one is correct `是不是你想离开` or `你是不是想离开`?

I think it is correct to say 是不是想离开 to emphasize whether it is true that you want to leave. I wonder if I want to add 你, where should it be in the sentence? 是不是你想离开 or 你是不是想离开?
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How to ask in Chinese: What do you want to come to talk to me about?

你想去对我说 means you want to go to speak to me. How to ask a question: What do you want to come to talk to me about? I don't know where to put the word 什么. Is 你想去对我说什么 correct? How to say a normal ...
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3answers
94 views

In ` 向谁说`, does `向` play the same role / have the same meaning as `对`?

I've read an article and found this sentence 傷痛向誰說 where 說 is right after an object. For example: 我对你说, due to 对, the word 说 needs to be right after the object 你. Is it due to 向 that 說 needs to be ...
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1answer
73 views

When does 一会儿 go before / after the verb?

I have seen some sentences where 一会儿 (yīhuìr), meaning in a while / in a moment, is placed before the verb and in some others, after the verb. Is there some rule for deciding the position, are both ...
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1answer
52 views

Why 这么 / 那么 are placed before the action verb?

I have some confusion with the use of 这么 (this, so) and 那么 (that, so). I found these examples (from Pleco): 大家都这么说。 Dàjiā dōu zhème shuō. Everyone says this / so. 你不该那么做。 Nǐ bù gāi nàme zuò. You ...
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2answers
104 views

Do 和 and 跟 have different grammatical functions?

Thinking about the Difference between 与,和 and 跟?, I was wondering if it can be argued that 和 (hé) and 跟 (gēn) have different grammatical functions. I understand 和 corresponds in English to the ...
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3answers
224 views

Why can objects be placed at the beginning of the sentence?

Often, I come across sentences like below, where the subject is missing and the object is placed instead. 证件带了吗? (Instead of 你带了证件吗?) I am wondering if there is a name to such grammatical structure, ...
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82 views

Which one is correct? 给我打电话/打电话给我

can you help me which one is correct and which one is wrong? 你给我打个电话 你给我打电话 你给我电话 你打给我个电话 你打给我电话 你打电话给我 Thank you.
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369 views

What is the subject of 其他的都很满意?

I found the following translated example: 除了没有电梯,其他的都很满意。 Chúle méiyǒu diàntī, qítā de dōu hěn mǎnyì. I am satisfied with everything except for there is no elevator. I have a question about the ...
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1answer
198 views

Use 我对你想说 or 我想说对你 to say: I want to talk/speak to you?

It seems like when there is the word 对 in the sentence, you need to move noun/verb to the end of the sentence, but I am not sure. So here is my question. I want to say I want to talk/speak to you. Is ...
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4answers
109 views

What is the function of 一次 in “去一次”?

I came across these translated examples: [Talking about a place]: 明年夏天我打算去一次。 Mínɡnián xiàtiān wǒ dǎsuàn qù yí cì。 I plan to go there next summer. 三年以前我去过上海,去年我又去了一次,明年我想再去一次。 Sān nián yǐqián wǒ ...
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2answers
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Do time range constructions as “从~至” and “从~到” have a different meaning without 从?

In the following sentence, the teacher said that, since there is no 从 at the beginning it means that not everyday 我 have exams. If there was a 从 it would mean that 我 would have exams everyday until 六 ...
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2answers
69 views

Are 你美好的未来 and 你的美好未来 and 你迷人的眼神 and 你的迷人眼神 all correct?

You can say 你 的 美好 未来 = Your bright future. And you can say 你 迷人 的 眼神 = Your charming eyes Is 你 美好 的 未来 also correct? Is 你 的 迷人 眼神 also correct?
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Must 怎么 be right after 你 in this sentence: 你怎么知道我的名字

When you ask someone his/her name, you can say: 你叫什么名字 什么 is not right after 你 but when you ask someone how he/she knows your name, you say: 你怎么知道我的名字 Must 怎么 be right after 你 in this sentence? Is ...
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3answers
57 views

Is my sentence 我本来要带你去的,但是我的车抛锚了 correct?

I am learning how to use 本来 in a sentence; we are supposed to fill in the sentence to make the conversation whole. The first sentence is the one I wrote using the 本来 and the second is already given: ...
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6answers
102 views

Why is 的 at the end of phrases such as 那是他们的 and 钱他们的?

I'm confused with the possessive particle 的, it was explained to me as 's in English and "of" something. Like, Y的X becomes X of Y. 那是他们的。 他们的是那。 Here are two sentences that from that logic ...
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11answers
2k views

What's wrong with this sentence 我终于快到中国了

It is from my correct-the-sentence exercise. 我终于快到中国了。 I asked a Chinese, he said that this sentence is understandable. In my opinion, "终于" seems redundant. If not, the original sentence ...
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7answers
528 views

How do you say “we only have one carrot left”?

I'm practicing sentence writing and want to say We only have one carrot left. Imagine looking in the cupboard, and seeing there is only one carrot (although lots of other vegetables). I'm fairly ...
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2answers
914 views

How would you say: “This is my family photo taken two years ago of my younger brother's 10th birthday party.”

I want to say This is a family photo taken two years ago of my younger brother's 10th birthday party. I think I can break it up in separate sentences, e.g. 这是我全家的合影,是两年前拍了。我弟弟的十岁生日的时候。 But is there ...
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2answers
226 views

Reduplication of adverb in Adv. + V1 + Adv. + V2 structure…?

I was watching We Bare Bears on Netflix with Chinese subs and encountered this sentence: 请轻拿轻放 Which translated into “Please be careful (with this).” I wonder what structure/grammar it is. Could ...
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3answers
72 views

How “Noun + Adj + Adj + 的” (reduplication of adjectives) is grammatically equivalent to “Noun + (Adv of degree) + Adj”? [duplicate]

This question is motivated from Why 的 in reduplication of adjectives "Noun + Adj + Adj + 的"?. In the answers, it was argued that the reduplication of adjectives structure: Noun + Adj + Adj +...
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5answers
183 views

Where is the verb in reduplication of adjectives “Noun + Adj + Adj + 的”?

I understand the 的 from the structure: Adj + 的 Example: 高的。 as attaching the Adj to an omitted Noun. This omitted Noun can either be a general noun such as "one/s" (高的 can mean the tall ...
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1answer
98 views

How can I ask “which one is your favorite/do you like more”?

I want to ask "which one is your favorite?", like between A and B, which one do you like more. Can I say "哪一个你最喜欢?" or "哪个你更喜欢?"? Is there a better way to ask? At this ...
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4answers
140 views

How can 那本书找了很长时间也没找到 be corrected?

This sentence comes from my homework. 那本书找了很长时间也没找到. (1) What's wrong with this sentence? (2) How can this sentence be corrected?
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4answers
89 views

Can you still use “Number + MW + 多” when the Number can be more than one MW larger?

I have a doubt related to these questions: Does 多 always come after the measure word?, How to correctly use "多" to say "more than"? In the answers, they explain you can give an ...
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3answers
112 views

Why is 很早 after the verb in 我起床很早?

I came across the following sentence: 今天我起床很早。 Jīntiān wǒ qǐchuáng hěn zǎo. Today I wake up very early. I am confused about 很早 appearing after the verb. I think here 很早 (very early) indicates the ...
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3answers
564 views

Can an adverb modify another adverb in Chinese?

I was wondering if an adverb in Chinese can be used to modify another adverb. I looked some resources but I could not find it. For example, in Adverb in resources.allsetlearning, they just say "...
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6answers
553 views

What is 了 doing in 这个表快了+time?

I am confused about the 了 in the sentence: 这个表快了五分钟。 Zhèɡe biǎo kuàile wǔ fēnzhōnɡ. This watch is running five minutes faster. Clearly there is no change of state. Is it for completion? I don't ...
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1answer
30 views

Placement of duration complement 很长时间 before a negated verb 没看?

I found the following sentence: 我很长时间没看电影了。 Wǒ hěn cháng shíjiān méi kàn diànyǐngle. I haven't watched a movie in a very long time. I believe 很长时间 (very long time) is the duration of the action 没看 (...
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2answers
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In 有一只小鸟真可怜,它在树枝上冷得发抖 why is 有 at the start?

So I am studying this children´s story, and I can´t find a proper grammar explanation. 有一只小鸟真可怜,它在树枝上冷得发抖。 So here I assume 有 indicates the bird´s existence, however in every explanation about 有 ...
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2answers
82 views

他们俩的性格差不多,挺像双胞胎一样: Can we use 挺 in this manner?

I am trying to construct a sentence and I would like to know if this correct form of writing. 他们俩的性格差不多,挺像双胞胎一样. Is this sentence alright? Can we use 挺 in this manner?
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Passive object position in 是…的 structure?

I came across the following sentences: 1. 电话是谁打来的? Diànhuà shì shuí dǎlái de? Who was calling? 晚饭是妈妈做的。 Wǎnfàn shì māma zuò de. Mom made dinner. Which literally is something like: The phone call ...
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1answer
40 views

Where should 了 go: 你去了商店买什么衣服? or 你去商店买什么衣服了?

I want to ask, "What clothes did you buy at the store?" Which sentence is correct, or which sounds more correct. 你去了商店买什么衣服? 你去商店买什么衣服了? Where should the 了 go?
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1answer
40 views

Are the sentences 这个杯子有一点儿水 and 一点儿水在杯子里 correct?

I want to say there is a little bit/some water in the cup. Can I say either of these sentences to convey that message? 这个杯子有一点儿水。 一点儿水在杯子里。
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1answer
51 views

Reduplication of Adverb + Adjective in 很细很细

My textbook has this sentence: 是一种很细很细的针。 (1) What is the purpose of "很细很细"? (2) In what kind of situations can this phrase be used?
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1answer
40 views

可以 altering time words order?

In this site they say time words can only appear in two possible positions in a sentence, either before or after the subject: Time + Subj. + Verb + Obj. Subj. + Time + Verb + Obj. But I came across ...
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1answer
244 views

How to translate "(surname)老板“ in English

how does one translate '(surname)老板' from Chinese to English? I understand that the word '老板' means boss/shopkeeper/shop owner/chief, but when a surname is added in front of their position, how ...
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2answers
54 views

Comparison question with implicit 再 zài?

I just started learning chinese and I came across this dialogue from a lesson: A: Pínɡuǒzěnme mài ? 苹果怎么卖? How much are the apples? B: Sìkuài. 四块. 4 Yuan. A: Yǒudiǎnr ɡuì. Kěyǐpiányi yìdiǎnr mɑ? 有点儿贵。...
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2answers
84 views

Correction of 我在饭店里把晚饭吃了

我在饭店里把晚饭吃了吗 =》 My textbook gives me the correct one: 我在饭店里吃晚饭了。 My questions are (1) Why do this sentence not use 把 structure? (2) If I rewrite as below, which is grammatically correct? ...
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1answer
75 views

Is 他的自行车被我买了 grammatically wrong?

他的自行车被我买了. (His bicycle was bought by me.) As I learn, 被 structure tends to be used in negative conditions. In this sentence, I think it is not wrong but not smooth. Can anyone explain if it is ...
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1answer
44 views

Is 靠 structure “A 靠 B do something”?

他们全家靠父亲一个人工作生活。Their family get by on their dad's salary. 他们靠经营宾馆发了财。They make fortune by hotel business. There are my questions (1) Is 靠 structure "A (pronoun/noun) 靠 B (pronoun/noun) do something"?...
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3answers
73 views

Is my sentence 如果没时间的话就告诉我 grammatically correct?

I am not sure that my sentence: 如果没时间的话就告诉我 is grammatically correct or not. So please guide me, have I used the right words?
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2answers
48 views

Is my sentence 如果我没去上班就一起朋友去玩 grammatially correct?

I have written the following sentence 如果我没去上班就一起朋友去玩 But, I am not sure if it is grammatically correct or not. Please give me some guidance.
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3answers
121 views

How does word order work in “作业 他 一点 都 没 做 ?”?

In Chinese grammar wiki, I found this sentence: 作业 他 一点 都 没 做 ? I'd like to read up on how this word order works and how to correctly apply it. Does it change the meaning or focus?
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2answers
60 views

可以 order structure?

I have some confusion about the grammar structure of 可以 Kěyǐ. I found in this website the basic usage is: Subj. + 可以 + Verb + Obj. But then I came across a dialogue where they put it after the verb: ...

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