3

Here is the entry for 用勿着 in《上海方言词典》on p. 304: Text: 【用勿着】 ɦyoŋ˨˧꜖ uə?˥꜒ za?˨˧꜒꜔ ⇨ ⟦𧟰得⟧ ßiɔ˥꜒ tə?˥꜒꜕ Tone letter to number translation: ɦyoŋ²³⁻¹¹ uə?⁵⁵⁻⁵⁵ za?²³⁻⁵³ Tone sandhi is usually represented by back-to-back tone letters. So it looks like the corrected tones are: ɦyoŋ¹¹ uə?⁵⁵ za?⁵³ Correct me if I'm wrong, because I have no idea about ...


3

是 (the copula) is pronounced /z̩/ in Shanghainese. The negative (often written as 伐, though for phonetic reasons only) is pronounced like "vah". So one often hears zzzvuhzzz in the middle of Shanghainese conversations.


2

Is my understanding correct that the "official" Chinese language is the Mandarin? Yup. In other words, if someone studies Chinese as a foreign language, is he taught the Chinese Mandarin? Depends on your definition of "study". (I'll come back to this in a second) Moreover, are the languages spoken by people living in non-Mandarin areas of the ...


2

All these dialects are direct descendants of Middle Chinese. They are mainly different in their pronunciation of words, not grammar. With regard to vocabulary, there dialects share a common set of content words, and a minorly different set of function words. Almost all neologisms introduced to Chinese from the western world, especially scientific terms, ...


2

Here is the entry for 辣海 in《上海方言词典》on p. 311: The extracted text: 〖辣海〗la?˩˧꜖ he˥꜖꜔ =〖辣辣〗la?˩˧꜖ la˩˧꜖꜔(或la˩˧꜖꜔)❶表示人或事物的位 置:小王辣~𠲎? ❷後接表示活動的 動詞,表示動作、事件正在進行之中: 大家儕~休息,儂吵 | 伊~想心事 ❸前接動詞、形容詞或動詞短語,表示 狀態的持續與北京話不同的是,“辣 海"和“辣辣"可前接動結式短語,後面 可加相當於“了"的語氣詞或“仔":花 蠻紅~ | 我物事多~崍 | 坐~,能立 ~嗅 | 肉切好~睞,儂來燒好勒 ❹介 詞,表示時間、地點、範圍等,多置於謂 語動詞之前,但現在也有置於謂語動 ...


2

In Chinese, clauses are often freely translated, since there is no such grammar structure. And the grammar of Wu Chinese is much similar with standard Chinese. I try to translate your sentence into both standard Chinese and Shanghai Wu. But, she came here knowing (that this fight was hopeless). (standard Chinese) 但是,她来这里的时候,就知道(这场战斗是没有希望的)。 (Shanghai Wu) 但是,...


2

Wu music in bilibili: 吴语乐坛 吴语微信平台 dialog: 真纪 Wu in forvo


2

I think this question should be "Are there any multi-syllabic words in Chinese with a glottal stop?" In common speech, (almost) no words have an actual glottal stop in there, whereas the sound is the one identified by the IPA symbol /ʔ/ and defined as: a type of consonantal sound [...] produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract [...]. ...


1

Theoretically, no; colloquially, yes. Glottal stop appears before a syllable "without consonant", like 棉袄 (mián'ǎo, [mjɛnʔau], "cotton coat"). This applies to all such syllables. However, in daily spoken language, emphasis on glottal stops is quite unnatural, so a possible implementation may be [mjɛ̃ːau]. Reference: 現代標準漢語音系


1

我会得垃海九点钟回来 The mandarin equivalent is 我会在九点钟回来. So, 垃海 means 在 here. 垃海 is not pronounced as its Pinyin "la1 hai3". It's more like "le gai2" or "le gei2". Not sure the correct writing of the word anyway. Maybe "了该" is closer?


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