16

These terms were devised in the late 20th century analysis of Classical Japanese, originally, for the difference between -(さ)す (glossed as externally instigated) and -(ら)る (glossed as internally instigated). This exoactive vs endoactive reflects 18th century Japanese use of 他動詞 vs 自動詞 (tadoushi vs jidoushi). In more traditional Western-orientated linguistic ...


15

You would say 甲、乙、丙、丁…… which come from 天干, you could also say 路人甲、路人乙、路人丙…… If you know the person's surname, you could also say 李某、王某…… In case if you want the specify that person's occupation 某市民、某员工、某政府工作人员……


13

Tl;dr: make sure you understand the difference between form (形), sound (音), and meaning (義). Some terms are also avoided in Chinese SE. Syllable is a terminology of sound. In Chinese, the overwhelming majority of characters is monosyllabic, which is why the first two named columns are essentially identical. This is in stark contrast to Japanese for instance,...


10

The connotation of 学堂 is more than "an old expression of school", but "an old-style school in ancient China". A typical 学堂 only has one room and one teacher and few students (compared with a modern school). Just imagine the place where Confucius taught his followers. 学校: 学堂:


10

四隅(four corners of a room) 宧(yí / ㄧˊ):室內東北角(northeastern corner) 窔(yào / ㄧㄠˋ )同“穾”:室內東南角(southeast corner) 奥(ào / ㄠˋ):室內西南角(southwest corner) 屋漏(wū lòu / ㄨ ㄌㄡˋ):室內西北角(northwest corner)


9

What are the right translations of these IT-related terms into (simplified) Chinese: app --> 应用 service --> 服务 consulting --> 咨询 Is there a reliable dictionary that includes such specialized contemporary terminology? The CKJ Dictionary Dict.cn -- an online Chinese/English dictionary [Others]


8

The short answer: because Sun Yat-sen proclaimed it so. In a 1916 speech given in Shanghai, he asks the question: 何以不曰「中華共和國」,而必曰「中華民國」? Why instead of 中華共和國, must one say 中華民國? The reasons he gives boil down to drawing a distinction centred on the 民: saying that this is the fundamental difference between Qing dynasty feudalism and the Ancient Greek ...


7

The answer to this question is quite complicated, there is a whole website devoted to this subject here. Shrinking things down as short as possible, the idea of seven day periods within a calendar based primarily on months came from the West into China, possibly more than once. During the Tang dynasty, it was taken up in China for use in astrology. For the ...


7

user3306356 provided a good answer for the language, but you need to know that written Chinese and oral Chinese can be quite different. A Mandarin speaker might say yī, a Cantonese jat1, and a Hokkien chit, but all three will understand the character 一 "one". -- from Wikipedia Also I want to answer more on the Cultural aspect. For Chinese as in Chinese ...


7

"句话" is not a word. A qualifier is needed before it, like"一句话" or "两句话". No one say "句话" alone, because it is weird.


7

黑客 is the Chinese word for Hacker. 黑 can work as a verb meaning to hack. 客 is a suffix that means person here. It does also include the different definitions you're looking for, almost practically the same as English. 黑客 on Wikipedia says: “黑客”一词最早是用来称呼研究如何盗用电话系统的人,这一类人士也被称作“飞客”(Phreak)。[3] 在计算机软件方面,“黑客”是对于计算机及计算机网络内部系统运作特别感兴趣并且有深入理解能力的一种人。[4] ...


7

To begin with, there is one thing called 大写 (daxie, “upper case”), in contrast to 小写 (xiaoxie, “lower case”). 小写:一二三四五六七八九十百千 - 元 大写:壹贰叁肆伍陆柒捌玖拾佰仟 - 圆 Daxie numbers are only used in finance in order to protect against falsification, because they contain too many strokes to modify. For example, 一 can be easily modified to 二 or 十, but 壹 cannot be ...


7

We don't use 補 or 縫補 in Taiwan. We use 修改衣服 instead. When you like to get the clothes mended, you should find the 修改衣服/換拉鏈 (Modify clothes/Change zippers) signs as follows. We still call the person who does these works 老闆.


7

Edit: After reading fefe's comment, I did more search and found this 方舱医院是什么 方舱医院是以医疗方舱为载体,医疗与医技保障功能综合集成的可快速部署的成套野外移动医疗平台 So "方舱" is obviously referring to those rectangular mobile units. 方舱医院 should be translated as "mobile cabins hospital" As for the relationship between 方 and 方舟, may just be a coincidence It is easy for people who never heard ...


7

On p. 43 of ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese By Axel Schuessler we have the following introduction: which is later expound on: On p. 44 we find the exact example that you are asking about: It also comes with an explanation: There is a little explanation also here: [...] endoactive (introvert) verbs also can be tr. like mai 'to buy (something)',...


7

For the same reason that it is called tuberculosis in English, from New Latin: tuberculum + -osis The term is a medical coinage of the 1830s (with the cognate first appearing in German medical publications). The English equivalent tubercle is a reference to the appearance of the lung tissue post mortem: white nodules, looking like tiny tubers, and with a ...


6

access level - 存取權限 (访问级别) algorithm - 演算法 (算法) array - 陣列(数组) array index - 陣列索引 (数组索引) async - (异步) binary tree - (二叉树) build - (构建) catch (like try/catch) - (捕获) char - 字元 (字符) class - 類別 (类) class method - 類別方法 (类方法) class variable - 類別變數 (类变量) compile - (编译) construct - 建構 (构造) curly bracket - (花括号) database - 資料庫/數據庫 (数据库) double - 雙精度浮點數(双精度浮点数) ...


6

Only the first one is correct (聲調輪廓), as a jargon used in linguistics. The second one is a (bad) word-for-word translation of tone (音調) + contour (曲綫).


6

To refer to someone non-specific, you can say「某某/某人/某某人」. 我廠「某人」偷了東西,我不點他的名字,他應坦白交代。 Someone in my factory was stealing things. I won't mention him by name, but he should come forth honestly and explain himself. To refer to Person A or Party A, for example in an agreement or contract, you can say 「甲方」(as opposed to Person/Party B「乙方」or both parties「...


6

In addition to those involving 某, as explained in other answers, there are some general names used quite often (e.g. in story-telling) like 张三 and 李四. The complete list goes as: 刘一、陈二、张三、李四、王五、赵六、孙七、周八、吴九、郑十 Source: https://www.zhihu.com/question/63926768


6

I worked in restaurants for many years. As I understand it, '肉' in Chinese menus only refers to pork unless it is specifically stated what kind of meat it is. For example: 時菜炒(豬)肉片 = in-season vegetable stir-fry pork slice 時菜炒牛肉 = in-season vegetable stir-fry beef (豬)肉絲湯麵 = shredded pork noodle soup 雞絲湯麵 = shredded chicken meat noodle soup (豬) is omitted ...


6

Formally, the Chinese title was President - that is, the English word President was transliterated into Chinese as 伯理璽天德. From the Treaty of Wanghia (望廈條約): 以上關涉太平、和好、貿易、海面各款條約,應候各大臣奏明大清大皇帝批准,大合眾國大伯理璽天德既得各國選舉國會長公會大臣議定允肯批准... The present Treaty of peace, amity, and commerce, shall be ratified and approved by the President of the United States, by and with ...


6

The position is called: 平板撑 ping2 ban3 cheng1 平板 meaning literally "plank", or "slab", and 撑 standing for 支撑 "to prop up". The longer form 平板支撑 is also common. About the verb "how to do" a plank, that would be simply 做 but also 完成 might be fine. 如何完成平板支撑 How to do/complete planks


6

結果補語的「虛」與「實」 漢語動結式(又稱黏合式述補結構)中有一類的補語被稱為「虛化結果補語」,包括「完、好、掉、住、成、著、了、過等」 根據過去的研究,虛化結果補語區別實義結果補語的特點是:皆由實義動詞虛化而來、本身詞匯意義不明顯、語義指向述語、不是動結式的語義中心、主要表示動作事件「完結、結束」等。但是,這些區別特點主要都體現語義層面上,而句法上,無論是對前項動詞的選擇、還是與賓語的搭配,虛化補語與實義補語並無明顯差異 We are familiar with the aspect markers below: 吃(eat) --> 吃了 (eat is a completed action) 吃(eat) --> 吃過 (eat is an experience action) They ...


5

上调 is the most common equivalent. In your description you are using the wrong character (凋, the radical is different). EDIT: to add credibility to my answer and provide some examples, I have added some use cases. Some usages in abstracts: -- School of Life Sciences, Peking University: 上调巨噬细胞的一些信号分子 "upregulating some signaling molecules of ...


5

"constructor": "构造函数" "framework": "框架" "dependency injection": "依赖注入" "content management system": "内容管理系统" Instead of looking for a word table, you can refer to textbooks that cover programming languages (such as C++ or Java) in Chinese.


5

From Johnzh's answer: "句话" is not a word. A qualifier is needed before it, Qualifiers provide specific detail of the noun. Quantifiers tell how much or how many With a classifier 句 precede the noun 话. we need to add a counting word to make a quantifier before the noun 话, to describe the quantity of it (e.g. 一句话, 几句话) ; or a pronoun (this, these, those) ...


5

I think this apparent phenomenon is more the result of the Chinese propensity for brevity and omission, omission especially of pronouns. I would not say this is unique to Chinese. Both sentences can be altered so that there is no repetition. If there are two propositions, you need 2 clauses. I ride my bike, (I) ride 100 Km every day. I've been writing my ...


5

According to Zhongwen Chinese Popup Dictionary, 炼 means "to refine, to smelt"; while 练 means "to practice, to train, to drill, to perfect (one's skills), exercise". So obviously 练功夫 is more correct from a formal perspective, though both are possibly used informally.


5

It is called 标准分. Its opposite is called 原始分. 标准分 is the modified score according to the distribution of the score in the class. Its calculation method might be different from curved scores, but the logic is the same. The problem is, in China, modified scores are rarely used. Original scores are used in almost all situations. So the word for the curved score ...


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