Ürümqi Mandarin (Included in the above Lanyin topolect)
阴平 ˦˦ 44
阳平 ˥˩ 51
去声 ˨˩˧ 213
The following might not strictly be Mandarin, but are interesting nonetheless.
Tianshui Topolect (Gansu)
There are only 3 citation tones in ...
Wikipedia has the following pages:
Sichuanese characters & 四川方言字
Written Cantonese & Cantonese characters
Written Hokkien & 台閩漢字
Here you can find characters that solely belong to topolects.
There is also an introduction to topolectical characters:
Many topolectical characters are also still being prepped for Unicode ...
I'd like to say something different. 炸醬麵 is the only correct word.
We need to clarify why Zhajiangmian is called so. Zhajiangmian originated from Shandong Province, and the core of it is the sauce, Zhajiang. Usually, Zhajiang is cooked with minced pork and soybean paste stirred in large quantity of oil, which looks like deep-frying the sauce in the wok, thus ...
It's not a standard term, but it's understandable. I don't know if it's a dialect. It's not common in any areas I have lived in.
I'd understand it as its literal meaning:
间 is a measure word for room (房间).
You can compare its usage to 这间, so as a demonstrative. E.g. 这间酒店. I suppose you could say 别间酒店. Basically, it should have something to do ...
It's the IPA diacritic for the nasal release from a stopped consonant:
Quoting right from that Wikipedia page:
That is, the /d/ is released directly into the /n/: [ˈsʌdⁿn̩].
Where [ˈsʌdⁿn̩] is the IPA transcription of the English word "sudden", where the blocked air flow from the articulation of /d/ is released through the nose (you should feel ...
The article is exaggerating the sound change for humorous effect.
驾驶 would easily get elided into something like jiàr in fast speech, but it would never become nasalized to jiàng.
证 would indeed become zhèngr (which is pronounced like a nasalized zhèr) due to 儿化音, but it would never undergo the tone and vowel change to become zhīr.
把 is a cultural usage in China, it suggests that the phone feels light when you take/carry it.
But I don't recommend using it, because we usually describe small objects as "一把 small objects", more like "a handful of small objects".
一把小挂件 = a handful of small pendants.
People say calling a woman 小姐 in Hong Kong and Taiwan is ok. but not so good in Mainland China. I have to disagree with this presumption. It all depend on the context and the situation this term is used.
Generally 小姐 is a polite/ formal address for single woman in Chinese everywhere.
張小姐 (Miss Zhang)
我家小姐 (my daughter/ the daughter in the ...
The meaning of 賊 as an adverb for "very" is marked as 'dialect' (方言)
Speaking of dialect, Cantonese speakers in Hong Kong use the terms 好鬼/ 鬼咁/ 鬼死咁 to a similar effect
好鬼靚, 鬼咁靚 and 鬼死咁靚 all mean 'extremely/ very pretty'
We can replace all three with 賊 and say 賊漂亮 in this Mandarin dialect and the meaning ...
Just for the convenience of writing, it has nothing relationship with "Thief".
Keep in mind: Some word in Chinese is just a pronounciation, it has no official word.
So, in your case, how did 贼 come to mean: extremely:
The answer is: for the convenience of writing.
Originally, people would say this orally:
A simple explanation might be that the sound "zei" with 阳平 tone (second tone) in 东北话 can be represented in Standard Written Chinese only with this character 贼 (...and 鲗 cuttlefish?).
No, I don't think that is the correct explanation.
I was born in the northeast of China, and later moved to other regions (now in Shanghai). I don't know the ...
The Austronesian hypothesis for the origin of Min Nan bah (as quoted on English Wiktionary, as of June 2020), comes from Deng Xiaohua's 1994 paper 〈南方漢語中的古南島語成分〉 ("Proto-Austronesian in Southern Chinese Languages"). I have attached an image here from a secondary source:
I see that the 16/17th century (Zhangzhou / Philippine) Hokkien-Spanish ...
This is a typical example of slurred speech in colloquial Chinese. Just like we say "I'm" instead of "I am", "kill'em" instead of "kill them"; "kinda" instead of "kind of", "gonna" instead of "going to" in English.
While we usually represent these verbal shorthand by way of ...
I've heard that sh, ch, and zh, all turn to r in beijinghua
This is just an effect of speaking fast.
The groups zh, ch and sh in Beijing dialect, which Mandarin is based upon, are retroflex consonants.
The English r instead is a postalveolar consonant, and it's an approximant (meaning that your tongue doesn't hinder the air flow from your lungs).
If we look ...
I don't suggest you summarise such rules. As a language learner, one of your goals is saying words clearly and accurately. In this way, receivers would completely understand it the first time you say sentences. Similar to New York and London, there are more outsiders living in Beijing than native speakers of Beijing dialect. Thus, Beijing dialect speakers ...
I can think of a few ways for this to work, each could have varying degrees of difficulty in implementation.
As @Marko mentioned in comments, Cantonese usually has a very different choice of word for common expressions. For example:
點(trad.)/点(simp.) in Cantonese vs. 怎 in Mandarin
邊/边 vs. 哪
係/系 vs. 是
唔 vs. 不
嘅 vs. 的
喺 vs. 在
咁 vs. 这么
孃 usually is used by people who live in southwest China, to refer women who are in the middle age. People in southwest China use it to call their older female relatives, or female strangers who seemed like in the middle age.
娘 means mom, but it usually used by people who live in North China. In South China, people call their mom as 妈妈
I'm a Chinese, and ...
In my opinion, the issue is less regional, but more subjective. One might take it offensive in the situation where another doesn't care. So, I really doubt you would be able to find such a map.
The easy way to get around this is to avoid using it unless you are sure they don't care. Like when you try to call the attention of someone, you can say 你好，饭馆在哪儿？, ...
I'm not sure 北方话 here means mandarin (官话) languages or the Chinese languages in northern China.
If the former, most 桂柳官话, i.e. southwestern mandarins in Guangxi, meet your requirements.
If the latter, some dialects in Shandong preserve the pronunciation somehow between palatal and velar.
A CCP political figure 孙政才, who is from 山东荣成, speaks with an accent ...
This is a more political questions than linguistics questions. "Standard written language" means regulated by government and used in public places so that every educated individual can understand regardless region. However, Cantonese by linguistics standard, can be considered as a complete different language from Mandarin, so does Shanghainese. The ...
It is very clear if you search 醡醬麵 on google. All the results are about 炸酱面. I would simply say 醡醬麵 does not exist, it is a typo.
As is stated by other answers, 炸酱面 might be only known to the north, so if a southerner sees the word he might misunderstand it and miss-"spell" it.
I would be convinced if such a dish exists using the technique of 榨 to ...