I'm not sure where you could get an accurate count for how many there are. Considering that loanwords have been coming into Chinese for thousands of years, it definitely won't be a trivial task.
There is certainly quite a few, however, not all of which is current/widespread/universal. I'll list some here, and edit more in if I think of any later:
The term, 婆羅門, has been used in China for at least 1500 years.
OLDict lists a few dictionaries. All of them transliterate "Brahman" as "婆羅門".
Digital Dictionary of Buddhism
漢藏梵英佛學術語 (pdf format)
梵漢辭典 Digital Dictionary of Buddhism
There are some Sanskrit-Chinese translations in 《大正藏》54, which can be downloaded in the pdf format. The script ...
The pronunciation of characters was glossed using the Fanqie (反切) system, which uses two existing characters whose pronunciations are known to determine the pronunciation of the unknown character.
Suppose that I wanted to know the pronunciation of「東」. Looking this character up, I'd see that it was phonologically glossed in dictionaries as 德紅切, which means ...
C for Cristiano
罗 for 罗纳尔多 (Ronaldo)
Apparently before him:
Ronaldo (罗纳尔多) (Luís Nazário de Lima) was known as 大罗
Ronaldinho (罗纳尔迪尼奥) was called 小罗
So, with big (大) and little (小) already taken, the first letter of his first name was given to him instead.
As for 朗 vs. 罗:
It seems that 朗 is Cantonese (Hong Kong, Macao) while 罗 is Mandarin (Mainland, ...
About the "乔" part of "George[dʒɔ:dʒ]", you can find some material in the 译音表(the Form of Ttransliteration). Besides, "奇" should be instead of "治" following the form.
However, "约定俗成(the convention)" is one of the important rules of 《英文人名翻译准则》. Everybody often use "乔治" refer to "George", so that "乔治" is agreed upon gradually. Anyway, I don't know why did ...
In 1934, 盛世才 held the second public meeting in Xinjiang, determining 乌孜别克 (wū zī bié kè) as the official ethnic name, and the foreign Uzbek still writing as 乌兹别克.
Therefore, 乌孜别克 usually refers to the race in China.
But, many people still use 乌兹别克 interchangeably, as shown in the government web page.
It's just historical stuff. European countries that have commerce with China prior to the Ching dynasty and also modern countries after WWII, in general have fancier names.
希腊 for Greece
意大利 for Italy
瑞典 for Sweden
法国 for France
美国 for US
葡萄牙 for Portugal
马来西亚 for Malaysia
日本 for Japan
You just have to accept them as it is. It's hard to find a ...
They are not really called beautiful kingdom and hero kingdom. When Chinese come up with phonetic names of foreign things, they try to find a character that come close enough in sound while having a good meaning. Luckily 英 and 美 happen to correspond well with "Eng-" and "-me-" while having suitable meaning.
Just like France 法兰西 (法国) has meaning of 法 Law.
Some says that "乔治" is very close to George in Shanghainese (上海話) since Shanghai was the big harbor allows international trades in 17th century. Lots of phrases are created/translated at that time. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Pidgin_English
it's 羅綺, in traditional chinese, in Small Seal Script (小篆)
the left character is 羅
the right one is 綺
1st, it's in vertical writing, you need to read from top to bottom, from right to left
Haha, funny question. "特朗普" is the official transliteration, used most commonly in official media of China, such as CCTV（新闻联播）and People's Daily(人民日报), while "川普" is more often used in social media or among people's casual talking.
"川普" is transliterated based on the pronunciation of "Trump", which is reasonable. However, "特朗普" has been used as the ...
In ancient China, there're two ways for phonetic annotation mainly.
用一个汉字来注另一个汉字的读音方法。(Use a character to annotate another character's pronunciation.)
比如：儡，相败也，……读若雷。（《说文解字》）(e.g. 儡 is pronunciated as 雷.)
用一个汉字或注音符号表示“声”，用另一个汉字或注音符号表示“韵”和“调”，把它们拼合成被注字的读音的方法。(Combine one character's consonant and another character's vowel to ...
Adding to the previous list:
Bowling: 保龄球 bao ling qiu 滾木球
Buffet: 蒲飞 pu fei 自助餐
Calorie: 卡路里 ka lu li 热量单位
Cartoon: 卡通 ka tong 漫画
Motor: 摩托 mo tuo 电动机
Sundae: 新低 xin di 水果奶油,冰淇淋
T-Shirt: T-血 T-xue 短袖汗衫, 短袖圆领衫
Toast: 多士,吐司 duo shi, tu si 烤面包
Vitamin: 维他命 wei ta ming 维生素
There're no such character set like Japanese katakana.
kana is a kind of phonography, but in Chinese only select similarly pronounced Hanzi(汉字) to transliterate loanword. Such as 沙发(sofa).
Of course there're some commonly used idiom for special English pronunciation.
Although it is a potentially valid to use the slightly derogatory "cute" nickname, it is much more likely to be a more standard-sounding given name, for example 佳寧 or perhaps 嘉寧, both pronounced Jiāníng in Mandarin and Gā-nìhng in Cantonese. To my ear, both are female names. A quick Google returns quite a few profiles with this exact given name, ...
Yes, there are preferred characters used in transliteration. But in Chinese the case is a little bit complicated than in Japanese.
In Japanese, Katakana is part of the phonetic system of the language (although in written, those characters can be used with Kenji).
In Chinese the phonetic system and the writing system are completely separated except in rare ...
For the transliteration of each letter into Mandarin Chinese, just follow the list below, written in pinyin with Chinese characters where possible. Some pinyin combinations may not exist in Mandarin at all though, so I will give approximate IPA or English transliterations.
A : ei 诶 /ei/ A
B : bi 比 /pi/
C*: xi 西 /ɕi/ or /si/ || "sei" /sei/ say
D*: di 弟 /ti/ |...
For different translations:
Sacramento: 沙加缅度、三个馒头 :P
From different languages, actually, there are many, if you count Japanese and Cantonese.
Florence: 翡冷翠、佛罗伦萨 (Italian, English)
Pronunciation ≠ Spelling!
It's very important to distinguish spellings from pronunciations, so I'm using IPA throughout my answer. I don't know how you pronounce "wang" or "wong", but it's very likely that the closest pronunciation available in your dialect of English is neither of them.
I'm basing my IPA off of the Wikipedia help ...
Common romanization systems for Cantonese are Jyutping, Cantonese Pinyin, and Yale.
In both Jyutping and Cantonese Pinyin, tones are represented with numbers.
In Yale, tones are either indicated with tone marks coupled with -h, or with numbers:
1 high-flat 55 sī sīn sīk
1 high-fall. 53 sì sìn
2 mid-rising 35 sí sín
3 mid-flat 33 ...
AFAIK (I'm a native English speaker) the letter v is never used in English writing to render the sound represented in pinyin by ü.
However in software that uses pinyin it is standard practice to use the letter v as an alias for ü.
From Wikipedia (link):
Since the letter "v" is unused in Mandarin pinyin, it is universally used as an alias for ü. For ...
No, it is not the only one.
Unless you think John sounds similar to 约翰.
Chinese translations for foreign names and words (such as names of other stuff) are weird if you compare them to each other. People from the cities, Guangzhou, Hong Kong (Speaking Cantonese), and Shanghai (Speaking Wu), which were first open to the world, created these translations ...
It's not standard Jyutping, but CantoDict uses the asterisk to indicate a changed tone. In your example, waa6*2, the standard citation tone for 话 is 6, but when pronounced in the word, 广东话, its tone changes to a rising tone, so it is denoted with a *2. A note at the footer of the definition page indicates this convention:
Also, CantoDict uses a unique "...
imo, "yuan-ti" is a transliteration of chinese, using older scheme of romanisation. the characters represented are "軟體" (a pliable body), quite a good description of "snake-related-monster".
the "華英萬字典", printed in 1907,
had the entry of "軟" (juan3, jwan)
and, 體 (ti3)
瑞 is seoi6 (IPA: /sɵy̯²²/) in Cantonese, and sūi (IPA: /sui²²/) in Hokkien, so is a fairly close match to the French word Suisse and the English name for Sweden. The origin of a lot of translations for smaller Western countries came from the Chinese varieties of the southern ports of Guangzhou (Canton) and Xiamen (Amoy) amongst others.
惹 in some ...
Characters with "mouth radicals" are often chosen for transliterations. This is especially helpful to show that it is a proper noun rather than anything else, otherwise the reader might try and put meaning into characters that are simply there for their associated sounds.
A similar concept can be seen in Chinese onomatopoeia. For instance "choo-choo" the ...