25

One of the meanings of 開 is 沸騰 (boiling) in 《漢語大辭典》開32. It's nothing to do with "open" or "how". 開水 boiled water 熱水 hot water 燒水 to boil water When the water is still very hot, we can use 開水 or 熱開水 as hot water. When it is warm, we use 溫水 or 溫開水. When it's at room temperature, we use 冷水 or 冷開水. When it's below, say, 10℃, we use 冰水 or 冰開水. 開 can indicate ...


21

There is a technique I started to use and actually, I've seen it also in other dictionaries, so maybe I wasn't that original... But anyway, the answer is colors! When you're studying new Hanzi or vocabulary, just color each character according to the tone... It's very helpful to remember the tones, because after a while, you visualize the tones in your ...


17

账户 is the correct form, and 帐户 is a common typo seen a lot in online services. 账 or 账本 means "books", and 记账 is the action of "accounting". The word 账户 means a "bank account", and is also used as "online account" nowadays. 帐 has meanings related to cloth, like "mosquito net"(蚊帐) or "tent"(帐篷). P.S. There is no entry for 帐户 in The Standard Dictionary of ...


14

Thumb: 拇(mŭ)指(zhĭ) or 大拇指 or 大拇哥. The first two words are common while the last one is less common. You would hear it more in oral speaking, in some regions(I heard of it from one of my relatives in HeBei province). Watch the shape of "拇". The left part refers to "hand", and the right part is "母“, meaning "mother". I think it gets this name because of the ...


14

My closer Chinese friends do use the terms 白人 and 白种人 neutrally in the same way we use "white people", but by and large I find Chinese people avoid these terms, and are set slightly on edge when I drop them casually into conversation. One friend told me she doesn't use 白人 because "听起来有种族歧视,不是吗?". Instead she and other Chinese usually use "美国人/法国人/英国人 etc." ...


14

From the point of view of computing, rather than linguistics, character sets are standardized and revised by committee. In the PRC, the GB2312 character set standard has evolved into GBK: With the arrival of GBK, certain names with characters formerly unrepresentable, like the "róng"(镕) character in former Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji's name, are now ...


13

Well, not sure if this answers your question or not, but I've played a game before involving using idioms (aka 成语) where you have to carry on using the same sound (not including tone) from whatever 成语 the previous person said. For example, if I started with 骑虎难下 (qi hu nan xia - something like stuck between a rock and a hard place) the next person might say ...


13

Most languages use an alternate greeting for telephone calls; the English "hello", although originating from before the telephone, was popularised by it, so much so that it has become a common greeting outside the telephone: hello 1883, alt. of hallo (1840), itself an alt. of holla, hollo, a shout to attract attention, first recorded 1588. Perhaps ...


13

Actually the literal translation of English sounds natural in this case: 你们有Wi-Fi和电源吗? or 你们有Wi-Fi和插座吗? Here 电源 means power source, and 插座 means electric socket.


13

You would say 甲、乙、丙、丁…… which come from 天干, you could also say 路人甲、路人乙、路人丙…… If you know the person's surname, you could also say 李某、王某…… In case if you want the specify that person's occupation 某市民、某员工、某政府工作人员……


12

相声 is a form of Chinese traditional stand-up comedy where two two performers talk back and forth to each other, telling a funny story or just chatting about a humorous topic. Because it's a traditional Chinese art form and originates in northern China, it has a higher political status than other Chinese art forms. This means that it gets broadcasted across ...


12

腰 or 腰子 is slang for kidney. In traditional Chinese medicine theory, kidney is responsible for producing and storing sperms. Thus 腰不好 becomes a slang implying weakness in bed. It takes a cheeky friend to twist 腰不好 towards sex; In a lot of situations saying 腰不好 is fine. If you are unsure, it is always OK to say 腰疼 or 腰痛.


11

Chih-Hao Tsai has published a bunch of useful resources like this. I've used the character frequency and phrase frequency lists.


11

For people who tell me they "don't get" the tones, or who can say them but quickly forget them, I usually explain them as listed below. I imagine you're well past this point, but the visuals might help remembering them: 1st tone: Sing it -- ♪ 2nd tone: Like a yes/no question -- ? 3rd tone: Low, creaky. -- Still can't think of a good symbol >_< 4th tone: ...


11

Check out this page: 3 ways to say 'but' in Chinese - difference between 不过 bù guò - 可是 kě shì - 但是 dàn shì. That page says that: 不过 is softer. 可是 is usually associated with something unfortunate. 但是 is more formal and stronger.


11

You have 3 methods when talking about the seven days of the week. 星期[X] 礼拜[X] 周[X] Here, "X" represents "一,二,三,四,五,六" for "Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday". For case 1 and 2, X could be "日" or "天" for Sunday,for case 3, X should be "日" for Sunday. What' the difference? Well, I think the 星期 and 周 are common to see, ...


11

老外 and 洋人 are the general terms for foreign people, not specific to white people. 老外 is more often heard in oral Chinese. In formal situations, 外国人is more likely used. 洋人 is a somehow out of date word, seldom used today. 鬼佬 has an implicit negative meaning, don't use it. And yes, Chinese refers to white people as 白种人 or 白人. But the words are not often seen ...


11

I am Taiwanese, and I have even had this "餅乾" once. Generally, we can refer to almost every snack that is made with flour and "cracks" in your mouth as 餅乾. So when you say you want some 餅乾, people will not only give you crackers, but also cookies, potato chips, wafer cookies, wafer rolls, mille feuille, etc. These things have their own specific names, of ...


11

computer - 电脑 internet - 因特网 software - 软件 program - 程序 Windows - 视窗 Mac - 苹果(电脑) Apple - 苹果 (公司) Microsoft - 微软 (公司) Google - 谷歌 file - 文件 copy - 复制 save - 保存 delete - 删除 open - 打开 close - 关闭 click - 点击 double-click - - 双击 turn on - 打开 turn off - 关掉 plug in - 插入 image - 图片 video - 视频 connect - 链接 network - 网络 wireless - 无线 email - ...


11

I think those are generally fine for normal purposes, especially if you're emailing. Traditional etiquette has substantially declined with email use. 亲爱 is quite a bit more personal than the equivalent English "Dear xxx" though, so you could replace that with just a greeting, e.g. "王先生您好 But since you asked for "proper etiquette"... Here's a brief rundown ...


11

It's not a measure word. It means act as; be. 作丈夫的 could be translated literally as The people who act as husband, or just The husband.


11

The pronunciation of "D"-"7" is similar to a Cantonese foul phrase (something similar to fxxking hard). 689 is a common way to refer to the current Chief Executive (CE) of Hong Kong, because he won the election in 2012 by having 689 electoral votes out of the 1200-person Election Committee. "袋住先" is also a common Cantonese saying. "袋" here means the ...


11

肯定 certain; sure; affirm; (the outcome is virtually a fact) 确定 determine; confirm; finalize (the outcome is already a fact) You can say, "Team China certainly (肯定) will lose to team Germany in the World Cup." The outcome has not been known yet. You can say, "Team China beat team Japan and is confirmed (确定) to advance to the second round." The outcome is ...


11

Definitions: 报名 To fill in personal information to the organizer in order to participate in the activities. (参加活动时,向主办单位填写个人资料。) 登记 To record the relevant matters in the form or the booklet of the organizer or the competent authority; to register for a service (such as to subscribe to a delivery service or a social networking website). (...


10

There is a Wikipedia article dedicated to this, Numbers in Chinese culture; it states that numbers are divided in two categories, lucky and unlucky numbers. Lucky Numbers: 二, the number 2: There is a saying that states "Good things come in pairs", for this reason many things in China seem to be "presented" in pairs of two, since this is considered a ...


10

清水 clear water; 淡水 fresh water (contrast to salt water); 自来水 Tap water, 30 years ago most of the chinese people had to fetch water from nearby rivers, lakes or wells by using buckets (挑水). Tap water goes through pipes to homes, people think these water go to their home automatically (without 挑水), they created the word 自来水


10

铁观音 Tie Guanyin Tea / tat-kuan-yin Tea / Iron Buddha Tea 乌龙茶 Oolong Tea 黑茶 Dark Tea 红茶 Black Tea 龙井茶 Longjing Tea / Lungching Tea / Dragon Well Tea 君山银针 Junshan Silver Needle Tea 碧螺春 Biluochun Tea 牡丹绣球 Peony Jasmine Tea 黄山毛峰 Huangshan Maofeng Tea 岩茶 Rock Tea 冻顶乌龙 Dongding Oolong Tea 菊花茶 Chrysanthemum Tea 台湾阿里山乌龙 Taiwan Alishan Oolong Tea 大红袍 Dahongpao Tea (...


10

Depending on context, 暧昧[pronounced as ài mèi] can take on a few meanings. The following is quoted from Baidu with some explanations in English: (态度、用意)含糊;不明白。(attitude or intent is unclear or incomprehensible) (行为)不光明;不可告人。(behavior is dishonorable or secretive, like having an illicit affair) 男女或同性肉体关系还处于想象段。(at the non-physical stage of a relationship, ...


10

In a literal sense, 加油 means to step on the gas pedal when you drive a car. Imagine what happens when you step on the gas pedal? More gasoline is added to the engine. What happens when more gasoline is added to the engine? The engine roarsssss! If someone is having a hard time, they are like a car being stuck in the mud or a similar situation and unable to ...


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